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"A hundred thousand witches and wizards were taking their places in the seats, which rose in levels around the long oval field. Everything was suffused with a mysterious golden light, which seemed to come from the stadium itself. The field looked smooth as velvet from their lofty position. At either end of the field stood three goal hoops, fifty feet high; right opposite them, almost at Harry's eye level, was a gigantic blackboard. Gold writing kept dashing across it as though an invisible giant's hand were scrawling upon the blackboard and then wiping it off again; watching it, Harry saw that it was flashing advertisements across the field."
— Description of the 1994 World Cup[src]

The 1994 Quidditch World Cup was an international Quidditch sporting event occurring in 1994 organised by the International Quidditch Association. It was the 422nd edition of the World Cup.[2][3] Its official sponsors were Butterbeer, Pumpkin Juice, Gringotts Wizarding Bank and Nimbus 2001.[4]

The stadium built for the 422nd World Cup took a Ministry of Magic task force a year to construct, and could hold one hundred thousand spectators.[4]

In the final game, Ireland, having defeated Peru in the semi-finals, played against Bulgaria. In the end, Bulgarian Seeker Viktor Krum managed to catch the Snitch and salvage Bulgarian dignity, although Ireland won.[2]

The events of the final match were overshadowed by the attack of Death Eaters on Muggles, leading to a riot afterwards. The Death Eaters fled after Bartemius Crouch Junior cast the Dark Mark into the sky, but not before they had tortured and levitated several Muggles.[5]

Campsite

"They had reached the very edge of the wood at the top of the field, and here was an empty space, with a small sign hammered into the ground that read WEEZLY."
— The trio's and the Weasleys' campsite

The trio, the Weasleys, and the Diggorys arrive to the moor via portkey

To get to the campsite witches and wizards had to across a deserted moor, it was difficult to see through the mist present on the moor. After twenty minutes, a small stone cottage next to a gate could be seen. Beyond it, Harry Potter was able to make out the ghostly shapes of hundreds and hundreds of tents.[6] The tents were located among the gentle slope of a large field toward a dark wood on the horizon.[6]

The campsite was located on a misty field and there was long rows of tents. Most of the tents looked almost ordinary, as it was necessary to blend in and not draw the attention of neighboring Muggles.[6] The owners of these almost normal tents had clearly tried to make them as Muggle-like as possible, but had slipped up by adding chimneys, or bellpulls, or weather vanes.[6]

Harry Potter, Hermione Granger, and the Weasleys arrive at the campsite

However, here and there was a tent so obviously magical that Harry was not surprised that Mr. Roberts (the campsite manager) was suspicious. Halfway up the field stood an the most obviously magical tent, as it was an extravagant confection of striped silk.[6] Harry stated that it was like a miniature palace, with several live peacocks tethered at the entrance.[6] A little farther on Harry, Hermione Granger, and the Weasleys passed a tent that had three floors and several turrets; and a short way beyond that was a tent that had a front garden attached, complete with birdbath, sundial, and fountain.[6]

Harry, Hermione, and the Weasleys tent was located on the very edge of the wood at the top of the field. Arthur Weasley considered it a good spot, as the field was just on the other side of the wood, "as close as we could be".[6]

Campsite inhabitants

"They made their way slowly through the rows, staring eagerly around. It was only just dawning on Harry how many witches and wizards there must be in the world; he had never really thought much about those in other countries."
— The seer number of campsite inhabitants causes Harry Potter question the size of the Wizarding World[src]

The different tents and wizards at the Roberts campsite

There were several families with children and they were the first to stir were. One family contained a tiny boy no older than two who was crouched outside a large pyramid-shaped tent.[6] There were African wizards present at the campsite, all of them wore long white robes. There was also a group of middle-aged American witches who sat beneath a spangled banner stretched between their tents that read: THE SALEM WITCHES' INSTITUTE.[6]

There was a section of campsite inhabitants that were completely devoted to the Irish National Quidditch team. The trio had walked into a patch of tents that were all covered with a thick growth of shamrocks.[6] Harry stated that it looked as though a small, oddly shaped hillocks had sprouted out of the earth.[6] Grinning faces could be seen under those that had their flaps open, this is were the trio ran into their classmate Seamus Finnigan. Seamus was sitting in front of his own shamrock-covered tent with his mother and Dean Thomas.[6]

There was another section of campsite inhabitants that were completely devoted to Bulgarian National Quidditch team. The tents in this area were not covered in plant life, but each and every one of them had a poster of Viktor Krum (the Bulgarian National Quidditch team's Seeker).[6] The trio also ran into Oliver Wood, Ernie Macmillan, and Cho Chang. There were also several British Ministry officials at the event, most of which were trying to keep the crowd under control.[6]

Stadium

"The stairs into the stadium were carpeted in rich purple. They clambered upward with the rest of the crowd, which slowly filtered away through doors into the stands to their left and right. Mr. Weasley's party kept climbing, and at last they reached the top of the staircase and found themselves in a small box, set at the highest point of the stadium and situated exactly halfway between the golden goal posts. About twenty purple-and-gilt chairs stood in two rows here, and Harry, filing into the front seats with the Weasleys, looked down upon a scene the likes of which he could never have imagined."
— Harry Potter's description of the world cup stadium[src]

The sheer size of the 1994 Quidditch World Cup stadium

The Ministry of Magic spent a year magically constructing a huge stadium on Dartmoor for the Quidditch World Cup final in August 1994.[3] The other knockout matches for the 1994 tournament would have also used this stadium.

The stadium was approached through a wood, a twenty-minute walk along a lantern-lit trail. It had immense gold walls, suffused with a mysterious golden light which seems to come from the stadium itself, and with Muggle-Repelling Charms on every inch of it. The stadium was huge — Harry Potter thought that ten cathedrals would fit comfortably inside it — and it seated 100,000 people. A Ministry task force of 500 worked on it for a year.[2]

The stairs into the stadium were carpeted in rich purple. At the top of the staircase Harry, Hermione, and the Weasleys found themselves in a small box, set at the highest point of the stadium and situated exactly halfway between the golden goal posts. About twenty purple-and-gilt chairs stood in two rows here. Inside, a giant blackboard opposite Top Box was the scoreboard and also showed advertisements in gold writing. The fans received velvet-covered, tasselled programmes when they showed their large parchment tickets. The Top Box provided the prime seats: about 20 purple and gilt chairs.[2]

Everything was suffused with a mysterious golden light, which seemed to come from the stadium itself. The field also looked smooth as velvet from the top boxes. At either end of the field stood three goal hoops, fifty feet high.

Travel to the stadium, which was located on Dartmoor, a "nice, deserted moor,"[7] was quite a logistical feat. The Ministry had to stagger the arrivals: people with cheap tickets had to arrive two weeks early. A few used Muggle transport to get there, but most used Portkeys or Apparated. To accommodate the throng, two hundred Portkeys were placed around Britain, timed to bring people in on a schedule. Portkeys were also distributed to other countries.[6]

The matches

"It was Quidditch as Harry had never seen it played before. He was pressing his Omnioculars so hard to his glasses that they were cutting into the bridge of his nose. The speed of the players was incredible — the Chasers were throwing the Quaffle to one another so fast that Bagman only had time to say their names."
— Harry Potter's first time witnessing a professional Quidditch match[src]

Semi-finals

Ireland flattened Peru in the semi-finals to set up a meeting with Bulgaria. The Bulgarians had won the last twelve Eastern European Championship and had a "rock solid defence". Ireland were another defensively strong team, but they also managed to score as many points as nearly every team in the World Cup.[4]

The British nations didn't fare well; England were beaten 390 to 10 by Transylvania, Scotland lost to Luxembourg, and Wales lost to Uganda.[8]

Finals

Bulgaria inside the Quidditch World Cup Stadium

The 422nd Quidditch World Cup final was held on 18 August, 1994 in England, between Ireland and Bulgaria. Ludovic Bagman provided the match commentary. Ireland wore green robes with each player's name embroidered in silver on their back. They all flew Firebolt broomsticks and Leprechauns served as the team's mascots. Veela were Bulgaria's mascots and they played in robes of scarlet.[2]

Irish Chaser, Troy scored the first goal of the match. After another two Irish goals, Ivanova registered Bulgaria's opening score. Then Ireland's Seeker Aidan Lynch was fooled by Viktor Krum's Wronski Feint, but managed to continue play after the aid of some mediwizards. Fifteen minutes later Ireland had stretched their lead to 130-10, when their Chaser Mullet was fouled by the Bulgarian Keeper, Zograf, and was awarded a penalty.[2]

Bulgarian Seeker Viktor Krum

This penalty led to anarchy, with another penalty being awarded to Ireland and referee Hassan Mostafa being distracted by the Veela. Quigley sent a Bludger towards Krum which broke his nose. Lynch then spotted the Snitch, but was beaten in the race for it by Krum. Despite this, Ireland still ran out the victors. The final score was 170-160. The Irish team performed a lap of honour before being presented with the Quidditch World Cup in the stadium's Top Box (Lynch had to be supported by Moran and Connolly).[2]

Results

  • Transylvania defeated England, 390-10
  • Luxembourg defeated Scotland
  • Uganda defeated Wales
  • Semi-final: Ireland defeated Peru
  • Final: Ireland defeated Bulgaria, 170-160

1994 World Cup squads

American National Team
Chasers
Gianni Fedele (Captain) Debbie Muntz Robert Green
Beaters
  Greg Ruczinski Troy Duvall  
Keeper Seeker
Ralph Heidelberger Ariel Singleton


Australian National Team
Chasers
Matthew Echunga Maria Monteith Kenneth Hastings
Beaters
  Kelly Whakkaarangapawarau Kylie Meadows  
Keeper Seeker
Jonny Nuhaka Lucy Karoonda


Bulgarian National Team
Chasers
Vasily Dimitrov Clara Ivanova Alexei Levski
Beaters
  Pyotr Vulchanov Ivan Volkov  
Keeper Seeker
Lev Zograf Viktor Krum


English National Team
Chasers
Edric Vosper Avery Hawksworth Keaton Flitney
Beaters
  Dawn Withey Indira Choudry  
Keeper Seeker
Denison Frisby Blythe Parkin


French National Team
Chasers
Mathilde Mallard Josephine Marat Hildegarde Lafarge
Beaters
  Alain Lacroix Ninon Saucet  
Keeper Seeker
Bastien Janvier Cybèle Peltier


German National Team
Chasers
Kurt Todt Kursten Blijk Igor Brand
Beaters
  Katrina von Glockenspieler Elena Eldritch  
Keeper Seeker
Hermann Wiel Konrad Weiss


Irish National Team
Chasers
Mullet Troy Moran
Beaters
  Connolly Quigley  
Keeper Seeker
Barry Ryan Aidan Lynch


Japanese National Team
Chasers
Noriyuki Sato Yoshihiro Suzuki Ryotaro Tanaka
Beaters
  Minaka Takahashi Keiko Takahashi  
Keeper Seeker
Tamotsu Iwamoto Shizuka Watanabe


Nordic National Team
Chasers
Olaf Andersen Lorre Gustafson Peter Hansen
Beaters
  Asgard Pettersson Asgeir Knutsen  
Keeper Seeker
Martin Helstrom Tina Lundstrom


Spanish National Team
Chasers
Carmen Garcia Chavelle Arbelo Cartaya Ana de Lebron
Beaters
  Vasco Santini Tiago Montoya  
Keeper Seeker
Sendelina Felino Iñigo Fuente Marrero

Riot

Draco Malfoy: "Granger, they’re after Muggles. D’you want to be showing off your knickers in midair? Because if you do, hang around…they’re moving this way, and it would give us all a laugh."
Harry Potter: "Hermione’s a witch."
Draco Malfoy: "Have it your own way, Potter. If you think they can’t spot a Mudblood, stay where you are."
Draco Malfoy taunting the trio during the Death Eater riot[src]

The Death Eaters' riot

Shortly after the final match at the World Cup, a riot broke out as Death Eaters began attacking the tents of wizards and witches as well as a Muggle family. They levitated, tormented, and humiliated Mr and Mrs Roberts. Various Ministry officials such as Arthur Weasley tried to help the Muggles.[5]

The Dark Mark over the campsite, the climax of the riot

In the chaos that erupted, Harry Potter, Hermione Granger, and Ron Weasley ended up wandering in the woods, where they ran into Draco Malfoy. He taunted them over the fact that the Death Eaters would target a Muggle-born like Hermione if they found her.

Also during this time, Bartemius Crouch Junior managed to break out of his father's Imperius Curse, steal Harry's wand, and cast Morsmordre in the sky, summoning the Dark Mark. When the Death Eaters spotted the Dark Mark in the sky, they fled,[5] something Lord Voldemort scorned them for upon his return in the following year.[9]

Behind the scenes

  • The mathematics relating to the World Cup are contradictory. If the 1994 World Cup were really the four hundred and twenty-second, then the tournament should have begun in 310 rather than 1473 since it is the proud boast of the International Confederation of Wizards' Quidditch Committee that the competition has been held only every four years, not more or less, since 1473. Pottermore later revealed that the 1877 Quidditch World Cup had to be repeated in 1878, however, so if the World Cup were founded in 1473, then the 1994 World Cup should be the one hundred and thirty-second.
  • A wizard (Archie) attendant at the 1994 Quidditch World Cup declined 'male-appropriate' attire, thus highlighting gender-role rules in Muggle culture.
  • In the film adaptation of Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Harry wears Bulgarian merchandise and Ron wears both teams' colours, suggesting Harry supports Bulgaria while Ron has split loyalties, but in the book, Harry and Ron (as well as Hermione and the other Weasleys) support Ireland.
  • In the film adaptation of Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Fudge does the commentary instead of Bagman because his character was omitted from the film. The match itself is not shown, only the opening ceremonies and the riot afterwards.

Appearances

Notes and references

  1. Harry left for the Weasleys' on Sunday "two weeks" before 1 September according to Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 3 (The Invitation); this was 17 August. Frank Bryce was was murdered the day before Harry left - the 16th. Harry mentions it was a Saturday (Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 2 (The Scar)). Molly Weasley’s letter inviting Harry to the Quidditch World Cup states it would be taking place this Monday night (Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 3 (The Invitation). Therefore, it was 18 August
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 8 (The Quidditch World Cup)
  3. 3.0 3.1 History of the Quidditch World Cup from Pottermore (via The Internet Archive)
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Harry Potter Film Wizardry (p. 93 "The Quidditch World Cup")
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 9 (The Dark Mark)
  6. 6.00 6.01 6.02 6.03 6.04 6.05 6.06 6.07 6.08 6.09 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 6.14 6.15 Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 7 (Bagman and Crouch)
  7. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 6 (The Portkey)
  8. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 5 (Weasley's Wizard Wheezes)
  9. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 33 (The Death Eaters)
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