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"A hundred thousand witches and wizards were taking their places in the seats, which rose in levels around the long oval field. Everything was suffused with a mysterious golden light, which seemed to come from the stadium itself. The field looked smooth as velvet from their lofty position. At either end of the field stood three goal hoops, fifty feet high; right opposite them, almost at Harry's eye level, was a gigantic blackboard. Gold writing kept dashing across it as though an invisible giant's hand were scrawling upon the blackboard and then wiping it off again; watching it, Harry saw that it was flashing advertisements across the field."
— Description of the 1994 World Cup[src]

The 1994 Quidditch World Cup was an international Quidditch sporting event occurring in 1994 organised by the International Quidditch Association. It was the 422nd edition of the World Cup.[2][3] Its official sponsors were Butterbeer, Pumpkin Juice, Gringotts Wizarding Bank and Nimbus 2001.[4]

The stadium built for the 422nd World Cup took a Ministry of Magic task force a year to construct, and could hold one hundred thousand spectators.[4]

In the final game, Ireland, having defeated Peru in the semi-finals, played against Bulgaria. In the end, Bulgarian Seeker Viktor Krum managed to catch the Snitch and salvage Bulgarian dignity, although Ireland won.[2]

The events of the final match were overshadowed by the attack of Death Eaters on Muggles, leading to a riot afterwards. The Death Eaters fled after Bartemius Crouch Junior cast the Dark Mark into the sky, but not before they had tortured and levitated several Muggles.[5]


The Ministry of Magic spent a year magically constructing a huge stadium on Dartmoor for the Quidditch World Cup final in August 1994.[3] The other knockout matches for the 1994 tournament would have also used this stadium.

The stadium was approached through a wood, a twenty-minute walk along a lantern-lit trail. It had immense gold walls, suffused with a mysterious golden light which seems to come from the stadium itself, and with Muggle-Repelling Charms on every inch of it. The stadium was huge — Harry Potter thought that ten cathedrals would fit comfortably inside it — and it seated 100,000 people. A Ministry task force of 500 worked on it for a year.[2]

Inside, a giant blackboard opposite Top Box was the scoreboard and also showed advertisements. The fans received velvet-covered, tasselled programmes when they showed their large parchment tickets. The Top Box provided the prime seats: about 20 purple and gilt chairs.[2]

Travel to the stadium, which was located on Dartmoor, a "nice, deserted moor,"[6] was quite a logistical feat. The Ministry had to stagger the arrivals: people with cheap tickets had to arrive two weeks early. A few used Muggle transport to get there, but most used Portkeys or Apparated. To accommodate the throng, two hundred Portkeys were placed around Britain, timed to bring people in on a schedule. Portkeys were also distributed to other countries.[7]


The Roberts campsite

Ireland flattened Peru in the semi-finals to set up a meeting with Bulgaria. The Bulgarians had won the last twelve Eastern European Championship and had a "rock solid defence". Ireland were another defensively strong team, but they also managed to score as many points as nearly every team in the World Cup.[4]

The British nations didn't fare well; England were beaten 390 to 10 by Transylvania, Scotland lost to Luxembourg, and Wales lost to Uganda.[8]


Bulgaria inside the Quidditch World Cup Stadium

The 422nd Quidditch World Cup final was held on 18 August, 1994 in England, between Ireland and Bulgaria. Ludovic Bagman provided the match commentary. Ireland wore green robes with each player's name embroidered in silver on their back. They all flew Firebolt broomsticks and Leprechauns served as the team's mascots. Veela were Bulgaria's mascots and they played in robes of scarlet.[2]

Irish Chaser, Troy scored the first goal of the match. After another two Irish goals, Ivanova registered Bulgaria's opening score. Then Ireland's Seeker Aidan Lynch was fooled by Viktor Krum's Wronski Feint, but managed to continue play after the aid of some mediwizards. Fifteen minutes later Ireland had stretched their lead to 130-10, when their Chaser Mullet was fouled by the Bulgarian Keeper, Zograf, and was awarded a penalty.[2]

Bulgarian Seeker Viktor Krum

This penalty led to anarchy, with another penalty being awarded to Ireland and referee Hassan Mostafa being distracted by the Veela. Quigley sent a Bludger towards Krum which broke his nose. Lynch then spotted the Snitch, but was beaten in the race for it by Krum. Despite this, Ireland still ran out the victors. The final score was 170-160. The Irish team performed a lap of honour before being presented with the Quidditch World Cup in the stadium's Top Box (Lynch had to be supported by Moran and Connolly).[2]

1994 World Cup Squads

American National Team
Gianni Fedele (Captain) Debbie Muntz Robert Green
  Greg Ruczinski Troy Duvall  
Keeper Seeker
Ralph Heidelberger Ariel Singleton

Australian National Team
Matthew Echunga Maria Monteith Kenneth Hastings
  Kelly Whakkaarangapawarau Kylie Meadows  
Keeper Seeker
Jonny Nuhaka Lucy Karoonda

Bulgarian National Team
Vasily Dimitrov Clara Ivanova Alexei Levski
  Pyotr Vulchanov Ivan Volkov  
Keeper Seeker
Lev Zograf Viktor Krum

English National Team
Edric Vosper Avery Hawksworth Keaton Flitney
  Dawn Withey Indira Choudry  
Keeper Seeker
Denison Frisby Blythe Parkin

French National Team
Mathilde Mallard Josephine Marat Hildegarde Lafarge
  Alain Lacroix Ninon Saucet  
Keeper Seeker
Bastien Janvier Cybèle Peltier

German National Team
Kurt Todt Kursten Blijk Igor Brand
  Katrina von Glockenspieler Elena Eldritch  
Keeper Seeker
Hermann Wiel Konrad Weiss

Irish National Team
Mullet Troy Moran
  Connolly Quigley  
Keeper Seeker
Barry Ryan Aidan Lynch

Japanese National Team
Noriyuki Sato Yoshihiro Suzuki Ryotaro Tanaka
  Minaka Takahashi Keiko Takahashi  
Keeper Seeker
Tamotsu Iwamoto Shizuka Watanabe

Nordic National Team
Olaf Andersen Lorre Gustafson Peter Hansen
  Asgard Pettersson Asgeir Knutsen  
Keeper Seeker
Martin Helstrom Tina Lundstrom

Spanish National Team
Carmen Garcia Chavelle Arbelo Cartaya Ana de Lebron
  Vasco Santini Tiago Montoya  
Keeper Seeker
Sendelina Felino Iñigo Fuente Marrero


  • Transylvania defeated England, 390-10
  • Luxembourg defeated Scotland
  • Uganda defeated Wales
  • Semi-final: Ireland defeated Peru
  • Final: Ireland defeated Bulgaria, 170-160


Draco: "Granger, they’re after Muggles. D’you want to be showing off your knickers in midair? Because if you do, hang around…they’re moving this way, and it would give us all a laugh."
Harry: "Hermione’s a witch."
Draco: "Have it your own way, Potter. If you think they can’t spot a Mudblood, stay where you are."
Draco Malfoy taunting the trio during the Death Eater riot[src]

The Death Eaters' riot

Shortly after the final match at the World Cup, a riot broke out as Death Eaters began attacking the tents of wizards and witches as well as a Muggle family. They levitated, tormented, and humiliated Mr and Mrs Roberts. Various Ministry officials such as Arthur Weasley tried to help the Muggles.[5]

The mass panic induced by the riot

In the chaos that erupted, Harry Potter, Hermione Granger, and Ron Weasley ended up wandering in the woods, where they ran into Draco Malfoy. He taunted them over the fact that the Death Eaters would target a Muggle-born like Hermione if they found her. Also during this time, Bartemius Crouch Junior managed to break out of his father's Imperius Curse, steal Harry's wand, and cast Morsmordre in the sky, summoning the Dark Mark. When the Death Eaters spotted the Dark Mark in the sky, they fled,[5] something Lord Voldemort scorned them for upon his return in the following year.[9]

Behind the scenes

  • The mathematics relating to the World Cup are contradictory. If the 1994 World Cup were really the four hundred and twenty-second, then the tournament should have begun in 310 rather than 1473 since it is the proud boast of the International Confederation of Wizards' Quidditch Committee that the competition has been held only every four years, not more or less, since 1473. Pottermore later revealed that the 1877 Quidditch World Cup had to be repeated in 1878, however, so if the World Cup were founded in 1473, then the 1994 World Cup should be the one hundred and thirty-second.
  • A wizard (Archie) attendant at the 1994 Quidditch World Cup declined 'male-appropriate' attire, thus highlighting gender-role rules in Muggle culture.
  • In the film adaptation of Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Harry wears Bulgarian merchandise and Ron wears both teams' colours, suggesting Harry supports Bulgaria while Ron has split loyalties, but in the book, Harry and Ron (as well as Hermione and the other Weasleys) support Ireland.
  • In the film adaptation of Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Fudge does the commentary instead of Bagman because his character was omitted from the film. The match itself is not shown, only the opening ceremonies and the riot afterwards.


Notes and references

  1. Harry left for the Weasleys' on Sunday "two weeks" before 1 September according to Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 3 (The Invitation); this was 17 August. Frank Bryce was was murdered the day before Harry left - the 16th. Harry mentions it was a Saturday (Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 2 (The Scar)). Molly Weasley’s letter inviting Harry to the Quidditch World Cup states it would be taking place this Monday night (Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 3 (The Invitation). Therefore, it was 18 August
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 8 (The Quidditch World Cup)
  3. 3.0 3.1 History of the Quidditch World Cup from Pottermore (via The Internet Archive)
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Harry Potter Film Wizardry (p. 93 "The Quidditch World Cup")
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 9 (The Dark Mark)
  6. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 6 (The Portkey)
  7. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 7 (Bagman and Crouch)
  8. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 5 (Weasley's Wizard Wheezes)
  9. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 33 (The Death Eaters)