"I see Charms as a slightly lighter subject than Transfiguration which is very hard work. With Charms there would be a little more leeway for a little more personal creativity— "
J. K. Rowling on the nature of charms work[src]

Charms is a core class and subject taught at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry and Ilvermorny School of Witchcraft and Wizardry. Unsurprisingly, it specialises in the teaching of charms. Even though mastering the science of charmwork is clearly essential to performing the greater part of magic, charmwork is seen as a "softer option" by some such as Augusta Longbottom who, incidentally, failed her Charms O.W.L.[1]

Professor Filius Flitwick taught Charms for many years. It was rumoured that his expertise with charmwork made him a duelling champion.

Class information

"They then spent over an hour revising Summoning Charms, which according to Professor Flitwick were bound to come up in their OWL, and he rounded off the lesson by setting them their largest ever amount of Charms homework."
—A fifth year Charms lesson, O.W.L. revision[src]
Charms class in 1991

A first year Charms lesson on the Levitation Charm

Charms is a required subject for all students in their first five years at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry. The spells learned in Charms class are taken from textbooks. Students are taught specific wand movements and proper pronunciation. Often students partner up in class to experiment on one another. Charms was Hermione Granger's favourite subject, until she started Arithmancy as an elective in 1993.[2]


Professor Flitwick the charms master

In a student's fifth year they take the Ordinary Wizarding Level examinations. This exam contains a written portion and a practical portion. The written portion is made up of questions concerning the theory of charms and the practical is where students are judged upon the charms they can perform. Their O.W.L. scores decide what courses they'll be taking in their final years at Hogwarts. Only students who achieve a high O.W.L. score of either 'Outstanding' or 'Exceeds Expectations' may advance to N.E.W.T.-level.

Professor Flitwick was one of the kinder teachers at Hogwarts. Harry Potter, Ron Weasley, and Hermione Granger often enjoyed a "nice chat" in this class. This was the class where they used the Muffliato Charm as well. Harry was on at least fairly good terms with Professor Flitwick, as the professor spoke with Harry about the "perfect" Summoning Charm he used in the Triwizard Tournament.[3] Sometimes, Professor Flitwick, after trying and failing to get the class to concentrate, would allow the class to play games. One of these instances was just before the Yule Ball.

Location and time


Charms classes are held in Class 99 in the South Tower and Classroom 2E along the Charms Corridor on the third floor, near the Third-floor corridor. Classroom 2E has three rows of desks, all facing the teacher's table, behind which sits a large upholstered chair with a high back. Two blackboards flank the teacher's table, and behind them is a small shelf with books and other objects, beneath a pair of windows.[4]

Location times

Time table for Gryffindor students first enrolled in Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry during the 1991–1992 school year.

Year Day Period
First Tuesday first
Second Monday unknown
Thursday second/third
Friday morning
Third second
Fourth Wednesday morning
Friday third
Fifth Thursday second/third
Sixth unknown unknown
Seventh Monday morning


First year

Second year

Third year

"Professor Flitwick did indeed test them on Cheering Charms."
—Third year exam in 1994[src]

Fourth year

"They were supposed to be practising the opposite of the Summoning Charm today — the Banishing Charm."
—The Charms class on the Banishing Charm[src]

Fifth year

Sixth and seventh year

"Hermione was the only one who had managed to turn vinegar into wine; her glass flask was full of deep crimson liquid."
—A N.E.W.T.-level charms lesson[src]

Known professors

Required textbooks


Passing Grades

Fail Grades


The Charms O.W.L. contains both a written section and a practical where the students are judged on the charms they can perform.


OWL exam paper

A Theory of Charms O.W.L. exam paper

"a) Give the incantation and
b) describe the wand movement required to make objects fly.
—Question on the Charms O.W.L.[src]


Known O.W.L.s


Videoswiki For more Harry Potter videos check out Wikia's video library

Behind the scenes

  • Charms is Warwick Davis's favourite subject.[29]
  • In LEGO Harry Potter: Years 5-7, Lavender Brown, Draco Malfoy, Vincent Crabbe, and Gregory Goyle all appear to have passed their O.W.L.s, despite the fact that they weren't mentioned to have done so in the books.
  • In the German translation, "charm" is translated as "Zauber". The plural form is also "Zauber". The subject, however, is always called "Zauberkunst", which literally means "charm-art".
  • In Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, the Knockback Jinx and the Full Body-Bind Curse are covered in Charms class. This seems unusual, as outside this game, defensive spells have not been shown as being part of the Charms curiculum, but Defence Against the Dark Arts instead. Though jinxes, hexes and curses can indeed be grouped together in a category called Dark charms.
    • Given the fact that students have been complaining about the incompetence of the various DADA professors up till the 1987–1988 school year, it may be necessary for those defensive spells to be temporarily included in the Charms curriculum.


Notes and references

  1. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire
  4. Pottermore
  5. Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, Year 1, Chapter 2 (Welcome To Hogwarts) - Charms Lesson "Lumos"
  6. Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, Year 1
  7. Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (video game) (PS2 version only)
  8. Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, Year 1
  9. Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, Year 1
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (video game)
  11. Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, Year 2
  12. Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, Year 2, Chapter 2 (Growing and Shrinking) - Charms Lesson "Reducio"
  13. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, Chapter 8 (Flight of the Fat Lady)
  14. Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, Year 3, Chapter 6 (The Letter from No One) - Charms Lesson "Finite Incantatem"
  15. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (film) - Scene 1 (Under Covers Prologue)
  16. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (video game)
  17. Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, Year 3, Chapter 3 (Three Broomsticks) - Charms Lesson "Petrificus Totalus"
  18. Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, Year 3, Chapter 4 (Filching from Filch) - Charms Lesson "Depulso"
  19. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (video game)
  20. Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, Year 4, Chapter 4 (Curse-Breakers) - Charms Lesson "Vermillious"
  21. Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, Year 4, Chapter 2 (The Mysterious Madam Rakepick) - Charms Lesson "Bombarda"
  22. Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, Year 4, Chapter 7 (Beast, Beings, and Creatures) - Charms Lesson "Cistem Aperio"
  23. Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, Year 4, Chapter 10 (Seeing Red) - Charms Lesson "Scourgify"
  24. 24.0 24.1 24.2 24.3 24.4 24.5 24.6 24.7 24.8 24.9 Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 31 (O.W.L.s)
  25. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 18 (Dumbledore's Army)
  26. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 30 (Grawp)
  27. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 24 (Sectumsempra)
  28. It's noted in the Half-Blood Prince that Riddle achieved high marks on every exam he took.

Charms (class)
PS Wingardium Leviosa feather
Charmbook writers and developers
Delfina Crimp · Miranda Goshawk · Jarleth Hobart · Basil Horton · Randolph Keitch ·
Levina Monkstanley · Orabella Nuttley · Mnemone Radford · Scarpin · Elliot Smethwyck ·
Felix Summerbee · Fred Weasley · George Weasley
Professors Fortinbras · Filius Flitwick
Textbooks The Standard Book of Spells · Achievements in Charming · Quintessence: A Quest
Charms studied at Hogwarts
Arresto Momentum · Banishing Charm (Depulso) · Bird-Conjuring Charm (Avis) · Cheering Charm · Colour Change Charm (Colovaria) · Engorgement Charm (Engorgio) · Fire-Making Spell (Incendio) · Freezing Spell (Glacius) · Full Body-Bind Curse (Petrificus Totalus) · General Counter-Spell (Finite Incantatem) · Growth Charm · Knockback Jinx (FlipendoLevitation Charm (Wingardium Leviosa) · Locomotion Charm (Locomotor) · Mending Charm (Reparo) · Reductor Curse (Reducto) · Seize and Pull Charm (Carpe Retractum) · Shrinking Charm (Reducio) · Silencing Charm (Silencio) · Skurge Scouring Charm (Skurge) · Softening Charm (Spongify) · Summoning Charm (Accio) · Unlocking Charm (Alohomora) · Vinegar into Wine · Wand-Extinguishing Charm (Nox) · Wand-Lighting Charm (Lumos) · Water-Making Spell (Aguamenti)
Ilvermorny School of Witchcraft and Wizardry
Ilvermorny Houses
Horned Serpent ClearBG 2
Wampus ClearBG 2
Thundebird ClearBG 2
Pukwudgie ClearBG 2
Namesake Founders
Isolt Sayre · Webster Boot · Chadwick Boot · James Steward
Subjects offered
Arithmancy · Charms · Creature Care · Defence Against the Dark Arts ·
Potions · Study of Ancient Runes · Transfiguration · Xylomancy

Wizarding Education
Ilvermorny Crest 4
The Eleven Schools Beauxbatons · Castelobruxo · Durmstrang · Hogwarts · Ilvermorny · Koldovstoretz · Mahoutokoro · Uagadou
Specialised schools Academy of Broom Flying · Charm School · Euro-Glyph School of Extraordinary Languages · Merge School of Under-Water Spellage · Wizarding Academy of Dramatic Arts
Examinations First year exams · Second year exams · Third year exams · Fourth year exams · Ordinary Wizarding Level · Nastily Exhausting Wizarding Test
Core classes Astronomy · Charms · Defence Against the Dark Arts · Herbology · History of Magic · Potions · Transfiguration
Elective classes Alchemy · Arithmancy · Care of Magical Creatures · Divination · Muggle Studies · Study of Ancient Runes
Extra-curricular classes Apparition · Advanced Arithmancy Studies · Ancient Studies · Art · Flying · Frog Choir · Ghoul Studies · Hogwarts orchestra · Magical Theory · Muggle Art · Muggle Music · Music · Xylomancy