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"The guard was confused. He stared down at the thin, golden Probe and then at his companion, who said in a slightly dazed voice, 'Yeah, you've just checked them, Marius."
—The Gringotts guards, confunded by Harry Potter[src]

The Confundus Charm[5] (Confundo[1]) is a charm which confuses and misdirects the target.[1] It works on living and inanimate things, as long as the target has a mind to be confused.[5] There are varying degrees of confusion that can be caused by the spell, ranging from becoming unaware of the current situation, forgetting important information or becoming particularly impressionable.[4]

Casting

The spell takes a degree of skill to cast, as Severus Snape, a very powerful wizard who could flawlessly perform Nonverbal spell casting, had to give such considerable focus with it that he had to "frown in concentration."

Effects

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Cormac McLaggen being Confunded during Quidditch tryouts

Someone who has been affected by this charm is said to have been "Confunded." Immediately after the spell has been cast; the Confunded person will shudder when the spell hits them. It will cause any of varying degrees of confusion, from a simple trick[6] to making a person believe that they have come up with a complex plan when said plan was given to them by the caster.[7]

Not only does the spell work on living creatures, but it also able to affect sentient objects, as demonstrated when Barty Crouch Jr Confunded the Goblet of Fire, though this was noted to be a difficult task, as the Goblet itself was a powerful magical artefact.[5]

Known uses

Caster(s) Date Notes
Newt Scamander September 1927 Used it on policeman in Paris, which blocked the passage under the Magical Statue to the Place Cachée.
NewtConfundus
Bartemius Crouch Junior October 1995 Used it to fool the Goblet of Fire into accepting Harry's name under a fourth school.
Hermione Granger 1996 Used it on Cormac McLaggen during Keeper tryouts in her sixth year.
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Harry Potter 1 May, 1998 Used it on each of the two wizards outside the main entrance of Gringotts.
Severus Snape July 1997 Used it on Mundungus Fletcher, suggested by Albus Dumbledore.
Unknown 1998 It was speculated that a Confundus Charm had been placed on Dawlish, who was known to be susceptible.
Ron Weasley 2017 Used it on a Muggle driving instructor so that he would pass his driving test.
Delphini 2020 Used it on Amos Diggory while impersonating his niece and carer.

Known practitioners

Etymology

Confundus, as well as the incantation Confundo, are derived from the Latin verb confundo (confundo-confudi-confusum-confundere), meaning "to confuse, to perplex."

Behind the scenes

Appearances

Notes and references

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