"Quirrell snapped his fingers. Ropes sprang out of thin air and wrapped themselves tightly around Harry"
Quirinus Quirrell conjures ropes[src]

Conjuration is an advanced form and branch of Transfiguration, some of the most complex magic taught at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry. Conjurations are distinguished from the other branches of Transfiguration, by their ability to transfigure the desired object from 'thin air'.

Conjuration is more than difficult than Transformation, Switching, and Vanishment and is only taught to students at N.E.W.T.-level. The only form of Transfiguration exceeds Conjuration in difficulty is Human Transfiguration. Conjuration also has some overlap with charms and some Dark spells, such as the Water-Making Spell and the Floating-eyes Curse.


"...these are easier than Conjuring Spells, which you would not usually attempt until N.E.W.T level"
Professor McGonagall to her fifth year class[src]
Since Conjuration is an advanced form of Transfiguration, most are N.E.W.T.-level, taught to sixth years and above at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry,[1] although some conjurations are simpler and are taught to younger students. Some conjurations taught are the Fire-Making Spell (Incendio), the Water-Making Spell (Aguamenti) and the Bird-Conjuring Charm (Avis), the former two are taught in Charms class. There are limits as to what can be conjured; Gamp's Law of Elemental Transfiguration has five Principal Exceptions which cannot be conjured, one of which is "good food".[2]

According to The Book of Spells by Miranda Goshawk, "for reasons that are still not fully understood ... two categories of creature are easier to conjure from nothing than any other: birds and snakes." The spells to conjure these creatures are the Bird-Conjuring Charm and the Snake Summons Spell respectively.


Frog-rabbit mutation

A frog-rabbit hybrid

Many things can go wrong when attempting to conjure something from nothing, especially in the case of living creatures. If Conjuration is not performed exactly right or if the caster is simply messing around with Conjuring Spells, mistakes such as frog-rabbit hybrids can occur. The hybrids in question can be explainable by the magical law Principle of Artificianimate Quasi-Dominance. Things such as severed heads and indeterminate stumps can also occur, when the conjuration isn't exactly right, as well.

Miranda Goshawk, has written entries in the Standard Book of Spells series about the dangers of poor conjuration.

Known instances of Conjuration

"However, these brothers were learned in the magical arts, and so they simply waved their wands and made a bridge appear across the treacherous water."
The Tales of Beedle the Bard

1991–1992 school year

Caster(s) Date Notes
The Three Brothers Unknown In the Tales of Beedle the Bard, the three brothers conjured a bridge to get across a river.
Appleby Arrows supporters pre 1894 Appleby Arrows supporters used to fire arrows onto the Quidditch pitch to support their team by use of the Arrow-shooting spell, however, the spell was banned in 1894 when referee Nugent Potts was pierced through the nose with a stray arrow.
Caster(s) Date Notes
Rubeus Hagrid 31 July, 1991 Nonverbally conjured a fire in the grate in the Hut in which the Dursleys and Harry Potter were staying to avoid the barrage of Harry's Hogwarts letters.
Hermione Granger 1991–1992 school year Hermione conjured Bluebell flames to keep herself, Ron Weasley and Harry Potter warm during the winter months, as well as setting Severus Snape's robes on fire and to fend off the Devil's Snare which was attacking them.
Filius Flitwick December, 1991 Nonverbally conjured gold bubbles for Christmas decorations.
Minerva McGonagall 1992 Nonverbally conjured a chair leg when Neville Longbottom accidentally vanished it.
Quirinus Quirrell 4 June 1992 Nonverbally and wandlessly conjured ropes to bind and gag Harry Potter by use of the Incarcerous Spell.

1992–1993 school year

Caster(s) Date Notes
Draco Malfoy 17 December, 1992 Conjured a snake by use of the Serpensortia Spell, while dueling with Harry Potter during the Duelling Club.
Minerva McGonagall 1 September, 1992 Nonverbally conjured a large plate of sandwiches, two silver goblets and a jug of iced pumpkin juice.
Nonverbally conjured a fire in the grate in Severus Snape's office by use of the Incendio Spell
18 December, 1992 Nonverbally conjured a fan after the attack of Nearly Headless Nick and instructed Ernie Macmillan to "waft" him up to the Hospital Wing.
Tom Riddle 29 May, 1993 Nonverbally conjured fiery ropes to spell his name by use of the Flagrate Spell.

1993–1994 school year

Caster(s) Date Notes
Albus Dumbledore 1993 Dumbledore may have conjured a stretcher and then 'magicked' Harry onto it when he fell from his broom.
Nonverbally conjured hundreds of purple sleeping bags for students who were taking refuge in the Great Hall after Sirius Black's break-in to Hogwarts
Nonverbally conjured a chair for Sybill Trelawney to sit in at the Christmas feast in the Great Hall.
Cornelius Fudge July, 1993 Nonverbally conjured two large glasses of amber liquid, one for himself, one for the Prime Minister.
Remus Lupin 6 June 1994 Conjured a wooden rod and bandages to help support Ron Weasley's broken leg by use of the Ferula charm.
Nonverbally conjured ropes to bind and gag Peter Pettigrew in the Shrieking Shack, by use of the Incarcerous Spell
Severus Snape Nonverbally conjured ropes to bind and gag Remus Lupin in the Shrieking Shack, by use of the Incarcerous Spell
Nonverbally conjured ropes to bind and gag Sirius Black when he found him unconscious next to Hermione Granger and Harry Potter under the influence of Dementor.
Nonverbally conjured stretchers to lift Harry Potter, Ron Weasley, Hermione Granger and Sirius Black.
Sirius Black Nonverbally conjured shackles to bind Peter Pettigrew to Remus Lupin and Ron Weasley.

1994–1995 school year

Caster(s) Date Notes
Arthur Weasley August 1994 Conjured a fire in the Dursley's fireplace by use of the Incendio Spell.
Nonverbally conjured candles to light the darkening garden.
Bill Weasley Nonverbally conjured tablecloths for the tables to prepare for dinner.
Garrick Ollivander November 1994 During the Wand weighing ceremony, Mr Ollivander conjured wine to test Harry Potter's wand by use of the Fountain of Wine Spell.
During the Wand Weighing ceremony in, Mr Ollivander conjured a flock of birds to test Viktor Krum's wand by use of the Avis Spell.
Also during the Wand Weighing ceremony, Mr Ollivander also conjured flowers to test Fleur Delacour's wand by use of the Orchideous Spell.
Fleur Delacour 24 November, 1994 Conjured water during the First Task of the Triwizard Tournament, by use of the Aguamenti Charm
Albus Dumbledore January 1995 Nonverbally conjured a tea tray at Hagrid's cabin.
24 June, 1995 Nonverbally conjured ropes to bind and gag Bartemius Crouch Jr after Polyjuice Potion with Alastor Moody's hair stopped working and he revealed by Veritaserum that he escaped from Azkaban and helped Lord Voldemort to capture Harry Potter.
Peter Pettigrew 24 June, 1995 Nonverbally conjured a fire under Voldemort's cauldron in the Little Hangleton graveyard.
Nonverbally conjured ropes to bind and gag Harry Potter to Tom Riddle Snr's gravestone, possibly by use of the Incarcerous Spell.

1995–1996 school year

Caster(s) Date Notes
Albus Dumbledore 12 August, 1995 Nonverbally conjured two armchairs, for himself and Arabella Figg, during the disciplinary hearing of Harry Potter.
17 June, 1996 During the Duel in the Ministry Atrium,Dumbledore conjured a fiery rope which he sent at Lord Voldemort by use of the Flagrate Spell.
Arthur Weasley January 1996 Nonverbally conjured a number of chairs for his family and friends while they were visiting him in St Mungo's Hospital for Magical Maladies and Injuries.
Minerva McGonagall December 1995 Nonverbally conjured three draws up straight-backed, wooden chairs, for herself, Harry Potter and Ron Weasley
Dolores Umbridge 17 June, 1996 Conjured ropes which bound Magorian the Centaur, after she insulted them in the Forbidden Forest, by use of the Incarcerous Spell.
Hermione Granger Conjured a fiery rope to mark the doors in the Department of Mysteries by use of the Flagrate Spell.
Lord Voldemort During the duel in the Ministry Atrium, Lord Voldemort conjured a silver shield to block one of Albus Dumbledore's spells.

1996–1997 school year

Caster(s) Date Notes
Hermione Granger December 1996 Conjured a flock of canaries to keep herself company, by use of the Bird-Conjuring Charm.
Albus Dumbledore July 1996 Nonverbally conjured a dusty bottle of oak-matured mead and five glasses.
30 June, 1997 Nonverbally conjured a goblet to drink the Emerald Green Potion in the Horcrux cave.
Harry Potter Conjured water to give Albus Dumbledore in the Horcrux Cave by use of the Aguamenti Charm, however, the water disappeared due to a protective curse.
Conjured ropes which bound an Inferius in the Horcrux Cave, by use of the Incarcerous Spell.
Conjured ropes in a failed attempt to stop Severus Snape fleeing from Hogwarts during the Battle of the Astronomy Tower
Conjured water by use of the the Water-Making Spell to douse the fire which Thorfinn Rowle had created.
Rubeus Hagrid
Thorfinn Rowle Conjured flames to set Rubeus Hagrid's cabin on fire by use of the Incendio Spell during the Battle of the Astronomy Tower.
Poppy Pomfrey Nonverbally conjured a chair for Minerva McGonagall in the Hospital Wing.

1997–1998 school year

Caster(s) Date Notes
Antonin Dolohov 1 August, 1997 Nonverbally conjured ropes to bind and gag Ron Weasley during the Luchino Caffe Duel by use of the Incarcerous Spell.
Hermione Granger 31 July, 1997 Nonverbally conjured purple and gold streamers to decorate Harry Potter's seventeenth birthday party.
4 August, 1997 Nonverbally conjured a fire in the grate in 12 Grimmauld Place by use of the Incendio Spell.
While interrogating Mundungus, Harry Potter accidentally set his eyebrows on fire. Hermione Granger conjured water to put the fire out by use of the Aguamenti Charm.
October, 1997 Conjured blindfold over the eyes of the Portrait of Phineas Nigellus Black to prevent him from seeing her, Ron Weasley's and Harry Potter's hiding place by use of the Obscuro Spell.
1997-1998 Conjured Bluebell flames in order to keep warm and to cook with.
24 December 1997 Non-verbally conjured a wreath of Christmas roses to place on the graves of Lily and James Potter at the Godric's Hollow graveyard.
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2 May, 1998 Conjured a crystal flask to hold Severus Snape's memory.
Minerva McGonagall Conjured a silver rope and a net to restrain the Carrows.

Conjured a fiery whirlwind similar to a fire rope in her duel with Severus nape.

Harry Potter
During the Battle of Hogwarts, Harry tried to douse Vincent Crabbe's Fiendfyre curse with the Aguamenti Charm, to ill effect.

Known Conjuration spells

Known practitioners

See also

Behind the scenes

J.K. Rowling has said that items conjured from thin air tend not to last long.[17]


Notes and references

Transfiguration (class)
COS Vera Verto demo
Branches of Transfiguration Transformation · Vanishment · Conjuration · Untransfiguration
Known practitioners Circe · Emeric Switch · Falco Aesalon · Mirabella Plunkett · Thaddeus Thurkell
Professors Albus Dumbledore · Minerva McGonagall
Textbooks A Beginner's Guide to Transfiguration · Intermediate Transfiguration · A Guide to Advanced Transfiguration
Transfiguration spells studied at Hogwarts
Colour Change Charm (Colovaria) · Change of hair colour and style (Crinus Muto) · Hardening Charm (Duro) · Mending Charm (Reparo) · Reparifarge · Softening Charm (Spongify) · Switching Spell · Vanishing Spell (Evanesco)
Conjuring Spells Bird-Conjuring Charm (Avis) · Inanimatus Conjurus Spell · Orchideous · Snake Summons Spell (Serpentsortia)
Transforming Spells Animal to Water Goblet (Vera Verto) · Beetle Buttons · Cat to Cauldron (Felifors) · Cauldron Cakes to Cabbages · Chair to cat · Cross-Species Switches · Desk Into Pig · Dinner plate to mushroom · Guinea fowl to guinea pig · Hedgehog to pincushion · Match to needle · Meddling Man to Monkey · Mice to Snuffboxes · Owl to Opera Glasses (Strigiforma) · Porcupine to Pin Cushion (Hystrifors) · Small Child to Rat · Small Object to Dragon (Draconifors) · Snail to Teapot · Target to Bird (Avifors) · Target to matchbox (Flintifors) · Target to Rabbit (Lapifors) · Teacup to Rat · Teapot to tortoise · White Rabbits to Slippers
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