- "The Dark Arts are many, varied, ever-changing, and eternal. Fighting them is like fighting a many-headed monster, which, each time a neck is severed, sprouts a head even fiercer and cleverer than before. You are fighting that which is unfixed, mutating, indestructible."
- —Description of the Dark Arts[src]
The Dark Arts, also known as Dark Magic, refers to any type of magic that is mainly used to cause harm to, exert control over, or even kill the victim. Despite being labelled "dark", the Dark Arts are not necessarily "evil".
The Dark Arts encompass many spells and actions ranging from the powerful Unforgivable Curses to brewing harmful or poisonous potions and breeding Dark creatures, all of which are often illegal or at least heavily discouraged in the Wizarding world. Practitioners are referred to as Dark wizards or witches. The most prominent and powerful of these was Lord Voldemort, who was and is widely considered to the be most evil Dark wizard in all of history. His followers, known as Death Eaters, also heavily practised the Dark Arts.
Nature of the Dark Arts
- Tom Riddle: "I have experimented; I have pushed the boundaries of magic further, perhaps, than they have ever been pushed —"
- Albus Dumbledore: "Of some kinds of magic. Of some. Of others, you remain... forgive me... woefully ignorant."
- Tom Riddle: "The old argument. But nothing I have seen in the world has supported your famous pronouncements that love is more powerful than my kind of magic, Dumbledore."
- — A serious discussion regarding the nature of the Dark Arts[src]
The Dark Arts are generally regarded as corrupting to those who use them (which is part of the reason they are considered "dark"). After engaging in them extensively for many years, even Tom Riddle's appearance demonstrated his corruption — he lost his former handsomeness, eventually taking on serpentine physical qualities and red eyes. Albus Dumbledore, in particular, suggested that engaging in any of the Dark Arts that involve murder was damaging to the soul; for instance, he told Severus Snape that Draco Malfoy's soul was "not yet so damaged" that he was probably capable of murder, but that if he did go through with murder, his soul would be "ripped apart". This suggests that using very dark magic, such as the Killing Curse, damages an individual's soul. The dark art of creating a Horcrux involves literally splitting the soul for the unnatural purpose of achieving immortality. Quirinus Quirrell was interested in dark magic, initially by a theoretical view to gain recognition, but his curiosity turned to avarice, and eventually he was completely drawn in and corrupted.
According to Snape, the Dark Arts are pragmatic in nature, where every time a branch is defeated, it only comes back "fiercer and cleverer" than before. It is therefore imperative that one's defences must be as versatile as these foul arts themselves.
Powerful dark spells also require malicious intent in order to be successful. To cast the Cruciatus Curse, for instance, one must truly desire to cause pain in and of itself, according to Bellatrix Lestrange. The Dark Arts can also be difficult to control; for example, Vincent Crabbe lost control of the cursed fire he created in 1998 and was killed by it. Injuries caused by dark magic sometimes never fully heal, such as George Weasley's ear after it was cut off by the Sectumsempra curse, he was struck with during the Battle of the Seven Potters. Some curses can remain in one's genes, being passed down through generations as recessive, or can reemerge in a descendant that could lead to frail health. For example, Astoria Malfoy was one such victim of her ancestor's curse.
Dark creatures can also have lasting impacts that are deadly or incredibly harmful to those who come into contact with them. Basilisks have the ability to petrify people who see them indirectly or kill them with their gaze, or from the venom in their fangs. While petrification can be cured by mandrake root, and wounds from basilisk fangs cured by phoenix tears, these treatments are difficult to prepare or obtain. Dementors have the ability to consume human souls with their kiss. There is no cure for someone who has had their soul removed as they spend the rest of their lives in a vegetative state.
- "You are protected, in short, by your ability to love! The only protection that can possibly work against the lure of power like Voldemort's!"
- —Explanation of the best type of protection against the Dark Arts[src]
According to Albus Dumbledore, the only power strong enough to enable a person to resist the temptation of the Dark Arts, and to defeat them, is pure love. He was perhaps referring to the Sacrificial protection shield, which Lily Potter inadvertently used to protect infant Harry Potter and Harry himself later used to protect the defenders of Hogwarts by letting himself willingly be hit by a Killing Curse from the Dark Lord. However, Harry was not killed by this curse, since it only destroyed the part of Voldemort's soul inside him; he spent a brief time in limbo before returning to the land of the living.
While the Dark Arts have a bad reputation, overall, dark magic is not, by definition, "evil" magic. Indeed, dark magic can be used for good as well as evil. Even the Killing Curse can be used for good, as Albus Dumbledore said that it would not harm Severus Snape to kill him (Dumbledore) as he had asked Snape to kill him since he was going to die anyway (and it would ultimately serve to fool Voldemort and lead to his destruction). Using the Dark Arts in an act of true mercy in and of itself contradicts the very stark moral view that many such as Bartemius Crouch Senior publicly espoused regarding them.
At the same time, dark magic is not the only type of magic that can be used with the intent to kill. For example, the Severing Charm can kill if used irresponsibly or maliciously.
The only exception to this rule is the spell which creates a Horcrux; this is an entirely selfish act — taking a life in order to prolong one's own. This act is so reprehensible that the caster's soul becomes fragmented, allowing the creation of a Horcrux. The soul can only be restored by complete remorse for the murder, or repentance, which is actually painful enough to cause death.
The suitability of a wand to perform dark magic depends, at least partly, on its core; dragon heartstring, phoenix feather, and rougarou hair have a reputation for being suitable for it, while it is hard to perform dark magic with unicorn hair wands. In addition, wands made of Applewood mix poorly with dark magic.
The Dark Arts and the law
- "When a wizard goes over ter the Dark Side, there's nothin' and no one that matters to 'em any more..."
- —The nature of the Dark Side[src]
Although many members of the wizarding world appear to frown upon the Dark Arts, they are not prohibited (with the exception of the Unforgivables) and may even — under certain conditions — be encouraged. For example, while Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry teaches only Defence Against the Dark Arts, Durmstrang Institute teaches the Dark Arts itself. Moreover, shops like Borgin and Burkes in Knockturn Alley openly trade in Dark artefacts, and are patronised by "hundreds of people", which suggests that at least some aspects of the Dark Arts are somewhat socially acceptable or at the very least legal among parts of the wizarding population.
Also, in times of war, the Ministry of Magic has been known to permit Aurors to use strong Dark magic against its enemies. When Lord Voldemort was in control of wizarding Britain in late 1997 to mid-1998, every aspect of the Dark Arts was legalised and taught at Hogwarts by Death Eater professor Amycus Carrow. However, Voldemort was controlling the Ministry at this time, so it may not be standard protocol.
In addition, there is a matter of degree. The three Unforgivable Curses are punishable by an automatic life sentence in Azkaban Prison when used on humans, except when permitted in wartime, whereas some types of magic can have more benign uses as well as Dark uses and, thus, are presumably not always illegal.
Of course, the law may differ from country to country. Japan does not permit its citizens to practise Dark Arts; to do so is a violation of the Japanese wizard's code. Anyone who does so will face trial in front of the Japanese Ministry of Magic. Furthermore, if the offender is a student at Mahoutokoro School of Magic, said offender will be immediately expelled, in addition to facing legal reprecussions.
Known Dark magic
- "Magic, especially Dark magic... leaves traces."
- —The negative effects of Dark magic[src]
Dark charms can be classified into three groups: jinxes, hexes, & curses. These groups form a hierarchy, with jinxes at the base, hexes in-between, and curses at the top. The further one ascends up this hierarchy, the more wicked, the stronger, the longer-lasting and the less reversible the Dark spell's effects appear to be. The Unforgivable Curses are the strongest known Dark spells in existence, as their effects are very powerful and their use requires skill.
The following are some Dark spells:
Minor dark magic, small inconvenience to the target.
Moderate dark magic, causing major inconvenience to the target.
The worst kind of dark magic, intended to affect the target in a strongly negative manner.
|Killing Curse||Avada Kedavra|
Dark Potions are potions that cause negative effects on those who drink them or cause harm in some way or another. Dark Potions may also include ingredients that are not common in regular potions, or possess usual properties. Some Dark potions include the following:
|Rudimentary body potion||A potion used to or used in combination with other magic to create a rudimentary body that can be inhabited by a non-corporeal wizard. Its ingredients consist of Unicorn blood and potent Snake venom.|
|Regeneration potion||A potion noted by Lord Voldemort to be "an old piece of Dark Magic". Its ingredients include a bone from the father unknowingly given, flesh from the servant willingly given, and blood from an enemy of the one for whom it is intended. It creates a new body for a Dark witch or wizard who has used Horcruxes and lost their original body, as Voldemort did. This new body is a replica of the old one and has its former powers too. It apparently requires that the Dark wizard exist within a rudimentary body that can be placed within the cauldron after all the ingredients are added. If the blood of the enemy contains protections or infections, like a love sacrifice or lycanthrophy, it will also affect or protect the wizard or witch reborn with it.|
|Drink of Despair||An emerald green potion used in a stone basin in which the locket Horcrux was hidden. Its consumption causes the drinker to see "terrible things", dehydrate, and experience excruciating burning in one's insides. Because of the 'terrible things' it subjects its victim to, it has an effect similar to the presence of a Dementor.|
|Cursed books||Books can be cursed to cause harm to anyone who attempts to read them. Examples include Sonnets of a Sorcerer, which curses the reader to forever speak in limericks, and an unnamed book that a person can never stop reading it. Tom Riddle's Diary is both a cursed book and a Horcrux.|
|Hand of Glory||A severed human hand with a candle placed within it. It provides light only to the holder, and is commonly attributed to catching thieves and plunderers. It is also able to penetrate Peruvian Instant Darkness Powder.|
|Horcrux||An object (or living being) that contains a fragment of a Dark wizard's divided soul. It is used to provide protection against death, thus providing Immortality, and is considered to be the darkest of all objects.|
|Opal Necklace||A cursed item which turned up in Borgin and Burkes, was apparently purchased by Draco Malfoy, and almost killed Katie Bell. It is cursed very heavily, to the extent that merely touching it causes nearly instant death. It has killed at least nineteen Muggles.|
|Objects in the Black house||Various objects belonging to the House of Black can be classified as Dark, such as an Enchanted music box that would put people to sleep, Ancient purple robes that would strangle those who get close, a Grandfather clock that would shoot heavy bolts at passers-by, a spider-like tweezers that would puncture somebody's skin, a silver snuffbox that would bite an individual, and a highly dangerous locket Horcrux that contained Voldemort's mutilated soul.|
|Black Quill||An enchanted quill that does not require ink, as it writes with the blood of the person using it. What the user writes will be carved onto the back of his or her hand, and the blood from the words sliced into the hand will be magically siphoned and used as ink on the parchment. It is used as a torture device.|
Many magical creatures and beings alike may be considered Dark, all of which are deeply feared and/or despised by numerous wizards and witches as a result of the danger these creatures pose to all living things. Some of those creatures/beings include the following:
Acromantulas are a species of giant spider with a taste for human flesh. There is a large colony of them living in the Forbidden Forest on the grounds of Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry. It is implied that most wizards stay clear of them due to how dangerous they are. Breeding Acromantulas has been made illegal by the Ministry of Magic and are included in the Ban on Experimental Breeding.
The Banshee is a dark creature native to Scotland and Ireland. They are malevolent spirits who assume the form of skeletal women with green skin and black hair, with a high-pitched scream which is fatal to the ears. The Banshee can be effectively combated with the Laughing Potion.
A Basilisk is a giant serpent, and is also known as the King of Serpents. Looking a Basilisk directly in the eye will immediately kill the victim, but indirect contact will merely render them Petrified. It is known as one of the foulest creatures on Earth, and is also the mortal enemy of spiders. Breeding Basilisks has been made illegal by the Ministry of Magic and are included in the Ban on Experimental Breeding. The punishment for breeding this monstrous creature depends on the ruling of the Wizengamot.
Boggarts are amortal shapeshifting non-beings who have the ability to assume the form of an individual's worst fear. Their true appearance is unknown due to their shapeshifting ability, and they usually prefer to inhabit dark or confined spaces. Boggarts are mischievous entities who enjoy feeding off the human emotion of fear. They can be easily combated and restrained with the Boggart-Banishing Spell (Riddikulus), a charm which causes the Boggart to assume a humorous, non-threatening form, rendering it no longer frightening.
Dementors are widely considered to be one of the foulest beings to inhabit the world. Dementors feed on human happiness and thus generate feelings of depression and despair in any person in close proximity to them. They can also consume a person's soul through the process known as the Dementor's Kiss. The Dementor's Kiss is considered a fate worse than death, leaving the victim in a permanently vegetative state.
Grindylows are small, horned, pale-green water demons. They have long, strong (albeit brittle) fingers which they use to strangle their prey. Students at Hogwarts are taught to defend themselves against them in their third year of Defence Against the Dark Arts education.
Hags are savage beings that look like ugly, old witches but have more warts. They possess rudimentary magic, similar to that of a troll. They prefer to eat children and raw liver, and some even advertise themselves as babysitters.
An Inferius is a dead body, reanimated by a Dark Wizard's spell. The spells used to reanimate the corpse are complex and difficult to perform. There is a large difference between an Inferius and a ghost. Voldemort was known to have an army of Inferi, mostly consisting of homeless Muggles that the Dark Lord had murdered.
A Lethifold is a carnivorous and highly dangerous magical creature. It is also considered a Dark creature because of its aggressive and violent nature. The only known spell that will work against it is the highly advanced Patronus Charm.
An Obscurial, is a young repressed witch or wizard who have developed a dark and parasitic energy force known as an Obscurus. The Obscurus is developed through the forced repression of a young witch or wizard's magic, usually through both physical and psychological abuse. When the Obscurus becomes powerful and loses control, it manifests itself as a floating black cloud, which is both extremely unstable and destructive in nature. Most Obscurials die before they reach the age of ten, and the only documented case of an Obscurial surviving past this age was with the American wizard Credence Barebone.
A Werewolf is a human-being who, upon the complete rising of the full moon, becomes a fearsome and deadly near-wolf. This condition is caused by infection with lycanthropy. Werewolves are unfairly treated and discriminated against within the magical community and are looked down upon and despised by witches and wizards who do not have the condition. The Ministry of Magic has introduced legislation in regards to Werewolves, as a means of controlling them.
The Zombie is a dark creature which is a member of the Living Dead, that swell in the Southern regions of the United States of America. They are identifiable by their greyish, decomposing skin and foul rotting smell. It is likely that these creatures have a taste for the flesh of living beings.
Some other practices that would be considered dark include: Breaking the Ban on Experimental Breeding by hatching a basilisk, for example; consuming the blood of a unicorn, and Necromancy, the Dark Art of raising the dead.
The following wizards and witches are known to have used Dark Magic. Note that as above, the Dark Arts encompass many different types of spells and practices, including many that seem to be in everyday use by most wizards — this section is limited to those who have used strong dark magic at least once.
|Barnabas Deverill||Possibly the most dangerous dark wizard of the early 18th century, notorious for using the Elder Wand to carve himself a reputation as a fearsome warlock, until his reign of terror was ended.|
|Delphini||The illegitimate daughter of Lord Voldemort and Bellatrix Lestrange, who attempted to reverse the result of the Second Wizarding War through Time travel in the 21st century.|
|Dolores Umbridge||A British Ministry of Magic bureaucrat who served as Senior Undersecretary to the Minister for Magic from 1985 to 1998, Defence Against the Dark Arts Professor and “High Inquisitor” of Hogwarts School during the 1995-1996 school year, and Head of the Muggle-Born Registration Commission at the height of the Second Wizarding War; credited for inventing the Black Quill, as well as giving unauthorised and malicious tasks to Dementors.|
|Egbert the Egregious||Mastered the Elder Wand after killing Emeric the Evil in a ferocious duel (Emeric was "slaughtered").|
|Ekrizdis||A dark wizard of unknown nationality and the original inhabitant of the fortress of Azkaban.|
|Emeric the Evil||A short-lived but exceptionally aggressive dark wizard who terrorised the south of England in the early Middle Ages; first recorded master of the Elder Wand.|
|Gellert Grindelwald||The most dangerous dark wizard of the early 20th century, notorious for initiating the For the Greater Good revolution that terrorised Europe from 1926 to 1945; regarded as an accomplished Seer and believer in the Deathly Hallows, having mastered the Elder Wand from Mykew Gregorovitch. Eventually defeated by Albus Dumbledore and imprisoned within his own fortress of Nurmengard.|
|Godelot||An "unpleasant character" who once owned the Elder Wand.|
|Gormlaith Gaunt||A pure-blood supremacist and the aunt of Isolt Sayre.|
|Hereward||Mastered the Elder Wand after murdering his own father Godelot to acquire it.|
|Herpo the Foul||An Ancient Greek philospher regarded as the first dark wizard to successfully hatch Basilisk, create a Horcrux and speak Parseltongue.|
|Loxias||Master of the Elder Wand after Barnabas Deverill and gave it the name of "the Deathstick".|
|Merwyn the Malicious||Credited with the invention of many unpleasant jinxes and hexes .|
|Morgan le Fay||The half-sister of King Arthur and Queen of Avalon, who antagonised her own brother and Merlin in many Arthurian legends; regarded as a proficient healer and bird Animagus.|
|Narcissa Malfoy||Not officially a Death Eater herself, believed in the importance of blood purity and supported her husband in following Lord Voldemort. Was stated by her former House-Elf Dobby as being a practising dark witch.|
|Niko Nenad||A former Beater for the Romanian National Quidditch team, who was infamous for jinxing an entire forest in Siberia with the assistance of local Dark Wizards near a Quidditch pitch before a game during the 1809 Quidditch World Cup, resulting in the Attack of the Killer Forest.|
|Quirinus Quirrell||A timid child prodigy who served as Muggle Studies Professor of Hogwarts from the 1980s to 1990, and later as Defence Against the Dark Arts Professor of Hogwarts during the 1991-1992 school year, aiding Lord Voldemort in his attempt to steal the Philosopher's Stone. Died in vain trying to murder Harry Potter on his master's orders in the Skirmish in the Underground Chambers.|
|Raczidian||A tyrannical sorcerer who (according to an ancient story) attacked a wizarding village near his Dementor-infested castle in an attempt to abduct and marry the young witch Eliana, only to be foiled by the Patronus of her orphaned lover Illyius.|
|Salazar Slytherin||One of the four founders of Hogwarts School and most notorious champions of pure-blood supremacy, who secretly built the Chamber of Secrets for the purpose of housing his Basilisk until the time came for it to purge the school of all Muggle-born students; also regareded as one of the earliest known Parselmouths, accomplished Legilimens, and notable ancestor of the House of Gaunt.|
|Tom Riddle (Lord Voldemort)||An orphaned descendant of the House of Gaunt and former shop assistant at Borgin and Burkes, who became the most dangerous dark wizard of the late 20th century, ill-famed for initiating the two Magic is Might insurrections that terrorised Great Britain from 1970 to 1981, then again from 1995 to 1998; also regarded as a Parselmouth and the sole dark wizard to ever create several Horcruxes. Eventually defeated and killed by Harry Potter at the Battle of Hogwarts.|
|Walburga Black||A pure-blood supremacist and believer in Voldemort's cause.|
|Yardley Platt||Infamous wizard because he was a serial Goblin killer.|
|Alecto Carrow||Possibly imprisoned||Former professor of Muggle Studies; she taught the hateful ideology that Muggles are inferior to Wizardkind, and punished students with the Cruciatus Curse who rejected her authority.|
|Amycus Carrow||1997, Amycus was made Defence Against the Dark Arts professor. This class, which for all intents and purposes simply became "Dark Arts", and punished students with the Cruciatus Curse who rejected his authority.|
|Antonin Dolohov||Fought in the First Wizarding War, during which he tortured many Muggles as well as wizards and witches who were not supporters of the Dark Lord.|
|Augustus Rookwood||Spy who worked as an Unspeakable in the Department of Mysteries.|
|Avery Snr||Member of Tom Riddle's gang when they attended Hogwarts.|
|Bartemius Crouch Jnr||Dementor's Kiss||A loyal follower who helped ensure Voldemort's return to power in 1995.|
|Bellatrix Lestrange||Deceased||Voldemort's most loyal follower and best lieutenant. She was the last of the Death Eaters standing during the Battle of Hogwarts.|
|Corban Yaxley||Possibly imprisoned||Since Voldemort was in control of the Ministry of Magic, Yaxley became the Head of the Department of Magical Law Enforcement|
|Draco Malfoy||Defected||Was made a Death Eater as a means to punish his father and given the task of assassinating Albus Dumbledore.|
|Evan Rosier||Deceased||After graduating from Hogwarts, he became a Death Eater.|
|Crabbe||Possibly imprisoned.||Participated in the Battle of the Department of Mysteries.|
|Goyle||Returned to Lord Voldemort when he rose to power again in 1995.|
|Gregory Goyle||Fought in the Battle of Hogwarts.|
|Igor Karkaroff||Deceased||Headmaster of Durmstrang Institute and was murdered for defecting.|
|Lestrange||Member of Tom Riddle's gang and one of the earliest Death Eaters.|
|Lucius Malfoy||Defected||He joined the Death Eaters, who shared his views on blood purity, and participated in the First and Second Wizarding War.|
|Muliciber||Possibly imprisoned.||Member of Tom Riddle's gang and one of the earliest Death Eaters.|
|Mulciber||After graduating from Hogwarts, he became a Death Eater.|
|Nott||Member of Tom Riddle's gang and one of the earliest Death Eaters.|
|Peter Pettigrew||Deceased||Betrayed the Potter family to Voldemort during the First Wizarding War.|
|Rabastan Lestrange||Possibly imprisoned||Brother of Rodolphus and brother-in-law of Bellatrix. He fought in the First and Second Wizarding Wars.|
|Regulus Black||Deceased||Discovered the location of Voldemort's locket Horcrux and was drowned in his lake of Inferi.|
|Rodolphus Lestrange||Possibly imprisoned||Brother of Rabastan and husband of Bellatrix. He fought in the First and Second Wizarding Wars.|
|Rosier||One of the earliest Death Eaters of Lord Voldemort. He fought in the First Wizarding War.|
|Severus Snape||Defected||Became a spy for the Order and was instrumental in the defeat of Voldemort.|
|Travers||Possibly imprisoned||He fought in the First Wizarding War, during which he helped murdered Marlene McKinnon and her family, and was imprisoned for committing this crime. He also fought in the Second Wizarding War.|
|Vincent Crabbe||Deceased||Died during the Battle of Hogwarts attempting to murder the trio, after conjuring Fiendfyre during the Skirmish at the Room of Requirement and perishing in the cursed flames.|
|Walden Macnair||Possibly imprisoned||He managed to avoid Azkaban, and worked for the Ministry of Magic as Executioner. He fought in the First and Second Wizarding Wars.|
|Other Death Eaters|
|Alastor Moody||Occasional user||Capable of performing the Unforgivable Curses and many other curses, hexes, and jinxes.|
|Albus Dumbledore||Capable of performing many curses, hexes, and jinxes.|
|Bartemius Crouch Senior||Capable of performing the Imperius Curse, despite his intense hatred and opposition to the Dark Arts, ironically.|
|Ginevra Weasley||Capable of performing a highly powerful Bat-Bogey Hex and could perform other curses, hexes, and jinxes.|
|Harry Potter||Capable of performing two of the three Unforgivable Curses and many other curses, hexes, and jinxes.|
|Hermione Granger||Capable of performing many curses, hexes, and jinxes.|
|Minerva McGonagall||Capable of performing the Imperius Curse.|
|Molly Weasley||Capable of performing many curses, hexes, and jinxes. This includes a powerful and lethal curse that killed Bellatrix Lestrange during the Battle of Hogwarts.|
|Pius Thicknesse||Imperiused||While Imperiused, he performed numerous dark charms under the Death Eaters malign influence.|
|Viktor Krum||While Imperiused, he performed the Cruciatus Curse.|
|Durmstrang students||Durmstrang is infamous for teaching its students the Dark Arts.|
|Hogwarts students (1997–1998 school year)||Threatened||Forced to perform the Dark Arts, including the Unforgivable Curses. The members of the D.A. refused and were punished for it.|
The following texts are known to discuss the Dark Arts:
- The Nightshade Guide to Necromancy
- The Dark Arts: A Legal Companion
- The Rise and Fall of the Dark Arts
- The Imperius Curse and How to Abuse It
Behind the scenes
- Some spells may not be considered Dark magic in and of themselves, but may be used for Dark purposes. For example, the Taboo curse allows the caster to track anyone who says a certain word or name. This gives the caster a great deal of power over people's speech, and spreads fear. It may thus be considered to have Dark applications, such as when it was used by Death Eaters to track their enemies during the Second Wizarding War.
- The Dark Arts are similar to magic known as maleficium, which is used in a similar manner.
- The antihero in the fairy tale The Warlock's Hairy Heart utilised a piece of Dark Magic to remove his heart from his body to ensure he would never fall in love, while keeping himself alive without this vital organ within his body. This is considered an impossible feat outside of the story.
- Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (First appearance)
- Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (film)
- Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (video game)
- Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets
- Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (film)
- Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (video game)
- Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban
- Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (film)
- Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (video game)
- Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire
- Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (film)
- Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (video game)
- Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix
- Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (film)
- Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (video game)
- Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince
- Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (film)
- Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (video game)
- Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows
- Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 1
- Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 1 (video game)
- Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2
- Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2 (video game)
- Harry Potter and the Cursed Child
- Harry Potter and the Cursed Child (play)
- Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them: The Original Screenplay
- Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them (film)
- Fantastic Beasts: The Crimes of Grindelwald - The Original Screenplay
- Fantastic Beasts: The Crimes of Grindelwald
- Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them
- The Tales of Beedle the Bard (real)
- Quidditch Through the Ages (Mentioned only)
- Harry Potter: A Pop-Up Book
- LEGO Harry Potter
- LEGO Harry Potter: Building the Magical World
- LEGO Harry Potter: Characters of the Magical World
- LEGO Dimensions
- LEGO Harry Potter: Years 1-4
- LEGO Harry Potter: Years 5-7
- LEGO Creator: Harry Potter
- Creator: Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets
- Harry Potter Trading Card Game
- Wizarding World
- Harry Potter: The Character Vault
- Harry Potter: The Creature Vault
- J. K. Rowling's official site (Mentioned only)
- Wonderbook: Book of Spells
- Wonderbook: Book of Potions
- Harry Potter for Kinect
- Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery
- Harry Potter: Wizards Unite
Notes and references
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 23 (Horcruxes)
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 33 (The Prince's Tale)
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, Chapter 17 (The Man with Two Faces)
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 9 (The Half-Blood Prince)
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 36 (The Only One He Ever Feared)
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 31 (The Battle of Hogwarts)
- ↑ Deathly Hallows, Ch. 5. Also, in Ch. 17, Harry mentions "the injuries from Dark Magic... You can't repair the damage."
- ↑ 8.0 8.1 Harry Potter and the Cursed Child
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Chapter 17 (The Heir of Slytherin)
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, Chapter 20 (The Dementor's Kiss)
- ↑ 11.0 11.1 Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 36 (The Parting of the Ways)
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 34 (The Forest Again)
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 35 (King's Cross)
- ↑ 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 Pottermore
- ↑ 15.0 15.1 Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 15 (Beauxbatons and Durmstrang)
- ↑ 16.0 16.1 Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Chapter 4 (At Flourish and Blotts)
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 6 (Draco's Detour)
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 29 (The Lost Diadem)
- ↑ 19.0 19.1 Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 14 (The Unforgivable Curses)
- ↑ Writing by J.K. Rowling: "Mahoutokoro" at Wizarding World
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 1 (The Riddle House)
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 32 (Flesh, Blood and Bone)
- ↑ 23.0 23.1 23.2 Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 26 (The Cave)
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 10 (Kreacher's Tale)
- ↑ Harry Potter Lexicon: Dark Magic Items
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Chapter 13 (The Very Secret Diary)
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 27 (The Lightning-Struck Tower)
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 12 (Silver and Opals)
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 6 (The Noble and Most Ancient House of Black)
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 13 (Detention with Dolores)
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Chapter 15 (Aragog)
- ↑ 32.0 32.1 32.2 32.3 Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them
- ↑ 33.0 33.1 Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, Chapter 7 (The Boggart in the Wardrobe)
- ↑ Wonderbook: Book of Potions
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Chapter 16 (The Chamber of Secrets)
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, Chapter 5 (The Dementor)
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, Chapter 9 (Grim Defeat)
- ↑ Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them: The Original Screenplay
- ↑ "History of Magic in North America: 1920s Wizarding America" on Pottermore
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, Chapter 15 (The Forbidden Forest)
- ↑ History of the Quidditch World Cup from Pottermore (via The Internet Archive)
- ↑ Wonderbook: Book of Spells
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, Chapter 19 (The Servant of Lord Voldemort)
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 35 (Veritaserum)
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 33 (Fight and Flight)
- ↑ 46.0 46.1 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 30 (The Sacking of Severus Snape)
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 36 (The Flaw in the Plan)
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 31 (The Third Task)
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 14 (The Thief)
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 20 (Xenophilius Lovegood)
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 22 (The Deathly Hallows)
- ↑ The Tales of Beedle the Bard (real)