"A handy (even life-saving) spell for removing an object from an enemy's grasp."
— Description of the charm[src]

The Disarming Charm (Expelliarmus) was a charm that forced whatever an opponent was holding to fly out of their hand. It was common to see this spell used in duels to make an opponent lose their wand.[1]

History

Remus Lupin: "Expelliarmus is a useful spell, Harry, but the Death Eaters seem to think it is your signature move, and I urge you not to let it become so!"
Harry Potter: "I won’t blast people out of my way just because they’re there ... That’s Voldemort’s job."
— Harry Potter standing by his decision to use the Disarming Charm[src]

An individual being deprived of their wand with this charm

It is not known precisely who created the Disarming Charm. Some wizarding historians claim that it may have been invented by Merlin himself, others claim that its first widespread use was in Madagascar in the 11th century. Even if any of this is true, the fact remains that it was not very popular until 1379, when Elizabeth Smudgling — the most likely inventor, in the opinion of Miranda Goshawk — used it in a duelling contest in Dartmoor.[4]

The Disarming Charm became Harry Potter's signature spell,[5] and it notably caused the death of Lord Voldemort during the Battle of Hogwarts by rebounding his Killing Curse because the Elder Wand recognised Harry as its master through the spell connection, and thus strengthened the Disarming Charm to the point that Voldemort's Killing Curse backfired on himself.[6]

Effects

"Snape cried: “Expelliarmus!” There was a dazzling flash of scarlet light and Lockhart was blasted off his feet: He flew backward off the stage, smashed into the wall, and slid down it to sprawl on the floor."
— The effects of a powerful Disarming Charm[src]

Harry casting a powerful disarming charm indicated by the scarlet jet of light

The Disarming Charm caused whatever an opponent was holding at the time, usually a wand, to fly high out of their hand.[1]

A single Disarming Charm could disarm multiple opponents if they were all in close proximity to one another.[7] Multiple or exceptionally powerful Disarming Charms were even able to send a target flying,[1] sometimes to the extent of knocking them unconscious.[7]

Known uses

"They made the most of the last few hours in which they were allowed to do magic before the holidays... and practised disarming each other by magic. Harry was getting very good at it."
Fred, George, and the trio's last few hours before they return home for the holidays[src]
Caster(s) Date Notes
Elizabeth Smudgling 1379 Used it in a duelling contest in Dartmoor.[4]
Filius Flitwick Pre- teaching career. Professor Flitwick informsone of his students in 1984 that the Disarming Charm was of great help to him on his path to become a Duelling Champion while preparing the young pupil for learning it themselves, emphasising its importance.[8]
Yusuf Kama September, 1927 Used it to disarm Newt Scamander and to get his wand, while incarcerating Magizoologist in the one of Paris' sewers.[9]
YusufExpelliarmus.gif
James Potter June, 1976
"Snape’s wand flew twelve feet into the air and fell with a little thud in the grass behind him."
— James' disarms Snape[src]
Used it to disarm Severus Snape while bullying him after an O.W.L. exam.[10]
James disarms Snape.gif
Albus Dumbledore 1981
"Then a blinding, jagged jet of white light flew through the air: Harry thought of lightning, but Snape had dropped to his knees and his wand had flown out of his hand"
— Dumbledore's use on Snape[src]
Used it to disarm Severus Snape and make him fall to his knees.[11]
Jacob's sibling 1984–1985 school year Used it the first time to disarm Professor Flitwick at the behest of the Charms Master while learning to master it.[8] They later used it to great effect to defeat Merula Snyde in a duel.[12]
Jacob's sibling Disarming Merula Snyde.gif
Draco Malfoy 30 June, 1997

Used it to disarm Albus Dumbledore during the Battle of the Astronomy Tower before fleeing with Snape and the other Death Eaters.[13]

Draco disarms dumbledore.gif

September, 2020 Used it to duel Harry Potter.[14]
Fred Weasley June, 1993 At the end of his fourth year practised this spell along with; George, Harry, Hermione, and Ron before the start of summer holiday.[15]
George Weasley At the end of his fourth year practised this spell along with; Fred, Harry, Hermione, and Ron before the start of summer holiday.[15]
Ginny Weasley Used it at the end of her first year in 1993.[15]
Sirius Black 6 June, 1994 Used it to disarm Harry Potter and Hermione Granger in the Shrieking Shack.[7]
Remus Lupin Used it to disarm Harry Potter and Hermione Granger in the Shrieking Shack.[7]
Lupin disarms Harry.gif
Severus Snape 17 December, 1992 Used to disarm Gilderoy Lockhart during teaching students at the Duelling Club in the Great Hall.[1]
Snape disarms Lockhart.gif
30 June, 1997 Used it to disarm Harry Potter when Harry tried to attack him after he killed Albus Dumbledore at command of Albus himself.[16]
Harry Potter 14 February, 1993 Used it to get Tom Riddle's Diary back from Draco Malfoy who mistook it for Harry's own diary.[17]
29 May, 1993 Used it to disarm Gilderoy Lockhart in his office.[18]
June, 1993 Used it again at the end of the year before summer holiday.[17]
6 June, 1994 Used it to disarm Severus Snape in the Shrieking Shack.[19]
Harry disarms Snape.gif
Used to disarm Peter Pettigrew near the Whomping Willow.[20]
Harry disarms Pettigrew.gif
24 June, 1995 Used it on an Acromantula which was holding him in the maze, during Third Task of Triwizard Tournament.[21]
Used it to duel Lord Voldemort in Little Hangleton, as he used the Killing Curse, which resulted in Priori Incantatem.[22]
Harry Potter duelling with Expelliarmus.gif
October, 1995 Used it to teach Dumbledore's Army members.[23]

Dumbledore's Army learning Expelliarmus.gif

18 June, 1996 Used it to disarm Lucius Malfoy in their duel in the Death Chamber during the Battle of the Department of Mysteries.[24]
Harry disarms Malfoy.gif
27 July, 1997 Used it to disarm Stan Shunpike during the Battle of the Seven Potters.[5]
2 May, 1998 Used it to disarm Gregory Goyle during the Skirmish in the Room of Requirement.[25]
Used it to kill Lord Voldemort by rebounding his Killing Curse.[6]
B7C36M2 Voldemort vanquished.png
September, 2020 Used it during a duel with Draco Malfoy, while in his home.[26]
Hermione Granger June, 1993 Used this spell at the end of her second year along with; Fred, George, Harry, and Ron before summer holiday.[15]
6 June, 1994 Used it to disarm Severus Snape in the Shrieking Shack.[19]
August, 1997 Used it to disarm Mundungus Fletcher in the 12 Grimmauld Place during the hunt for Horcruxes.[27]
Hermione disarming Mundungus.gif
Ron Weasley June, 1993 Used this spell at the end of his second year along with; Fred, George, Harry, and Hermione before summer holiday.[15]
6 June, 1994 Used it to disarm Severus Snape in the Shrieking Shack.[19]
October, 1997 Used it to disarm Snatcher, who was holding his wand, when he disapparated from Harry and Hermione and he came across them.[28]
March, 1998 Used it to disarm Bellatrix Lestrange during the Skirmish at Malfoy Manor.[29]
Neville Longbottom 1995 Used it to successfully disarm Hermione Granger during a Dumbledore's Army's meeting.[23]
18 June, 1996
"Both Harry’s and the Death Eater’s wands flew out of their hands and soared back towards the entrance to the Hall."
— Neville disarms Harry and a Death Eater[src]
Used it to disarm a Death Eater, during the Battle of the Department of Mysteries, accidentally also disarming Harry Potter.[30]
Lord Voldemort 2 May, 1998 Used it to disarm Neville Longbottom during Battle of Hogwarts.[6]
Albus Potter September, 2020 Used it twice on Delphini to practise disarming before travelling back in time.[31]
Cedric Diggory 24 June, 1995 Used it on Delphini while participating in the Third Task of the Triwizard Tournament.[32]

Known practitioners

Etymology

Latin expellere (ex = out, pellere = to drive), meaning "to drive out" and "arma" meaning "weapon". Expelliarmus actually means 'to drive out the weapon'.

Behind the scenes

This charm's icon in Harry Potter: Puzzles & Spells

Appearances

Notes and references

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Chapter 11 (The Duelling Club)
  2. Pottermore
  3. Wonderbook: Book of Spells
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Wonderbook: Book of Spells (See this video) (00:20 - 15:20)
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 4 (The Seven Potters)
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 36 (The Flaw in the Plan)
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, Chapter 17 (Cat, Rat and Dog)
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, Year 1, Chapter 4 (Revenge is Best Served Magical)
  9. 9.0 9.1 Fantastic Beasts: The Crimes of Grindelwald - The Original Screenplay, Scene 61
  10. 10.0 10.1 Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 28 (Snape's Worst Memory)
  11. 11.0 11.1 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 33 (The Prince's Tale)
  12. 12.0 12.1 Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, Year 1, Chapter 5 (The Duel)
  13. 13.0 13.1 Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 27 (The Lightning-Struck Tower)
  14. Harry Potter and the Cursed Child, Act Two, Scene Thirteen
  15. 15.00 15.01 15.02 15.03 15.04 15.05 15.06 15.07 15.08 15.09 15.10 Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Chapter 18 (Dobby's Reward)
  16. 16.0 16.1 Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 28 (Flight of the Prince)
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Chapter 13 (The Very Secret Diary)
  18. 18.0 18.1 Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Chapter 16 (The Chamber of Secrets)
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 19.4 19.5 Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, Chapter 19 (The Servant of Lord Voldemort)
  20. 20.0 20.1 Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, Chapter 20 (The Dementor's Kiss)
  21. 21.0 21.1 Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 31 (The Third Task)
  22. 22.0 22.1 Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 34 (Priori Incantatem)
  23. 23.0 23.1 23.2 23.3 Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 18 (Dumbledore's Army)
  24. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (film)
  25. 25.0 25.1 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 31 (The Battle of Hogwarts)
  26. Harry Potter and the Cursed Child
  27. 27.0 27.1 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 11 (The Bribe)
  28. 28.0 28.1 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 19 (The Silver Doe)
  29. 29.0 29.1 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 23 (Malfoy Manor)
  30. 30.0 30.1 Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 35 (Beyond the Veil)
  31. 31.0 31.1 Harry Potter and the Cursed Child, Act Two, Scene Four
  32. 32.0 32.1 Harry Potter and the Cursed Child, Act Three, Scene Twenty
  33. 33.0 33.1 33.2 Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (video game)
  34. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 1 (video game)
  35. Harry Potter: Magic Awakened


Charms (class)
PS Wingardium Leviosa feather.gif
Charm-book writers and developers
Blagdon Blay · Daisy Pennifold · Delfina Crimp · Miranda Goshawk · Jarleth Hobart · Basil Horton · Helixa Hyslop · Syna Hyslop · Randolph Keitch · Levina Monkstanley · Orabella Nuttley · Mnemone Radford · Scarpin · Elliot Smethwyck · Felix Summerbee · Violeta Stitch
Professors Fortinbras · Filius Flitwick · Unidentified male Charms Professor
Textbooks Achievements in Charming · Extreme Incantations · Quintessence: A Quest · The Standard Book of Spells
Charms studied at Hogwarts
Ascendio · Banishing Charm (Depulso) · Blackboard Writing Spell · Blue sparks · Box Blasting Charm (Cistem Aperio) · Bubble-Head Charm · Cheering Charm · Cleaning Charm · Colour Change Charm (Colovaria) · Confundus Charm (Confundo) · Counter-charm for hiccoughs · Dancing Feet Spell (Tarantallegra) · Descendo · Disarming Charm (Expelliarmus) · Disillusionment Charm · Drought Charm · Entrancing Enchantments (Theortically) · Eradication Spell (Deletrius) · Engorgement Charm (Engorgio) · Extinguishing Spell · Exploding Charm (Bombarda) · Fire-Making Spell (Incendio) · Freezing Charm (Immobulus) · Freezing Spell (Glacius) · Full Body-Bind Curse (Petrificus Totalus) · General Counter-Spell (Finite Incantatem) · Gouging Spell (Defodio) · Growth Charm · Ice Jinx · Knitting Charm · Knockback Jinx (Flipendo) · Leg-Locker Curse (Locomotor Mortis) · Levitation Charm (Wingardium Leviosa) · Locking Spell (Colloportus) · Locomotion Charm (Locomotor) · Mending Charm (Reparo) · Memory Charm (Obliviate) · Muffliato Charm (Muffliato) · Nonverbal spells · Pack Charm (Pack) · Red Sparks (Vermillious) · Reductor Curse (Reducto) · Scouring Charm (Scourgify) · Seize and pull charm (Carpe Retractum) · Severing Charm (Diffindo) · Shrinking Charm (Reducio) · Silencing Charm (Silencio) · Slowing Charm (Arresto Momentum) · Skurge Scouring Charm (Skurge) · Softening Charm (Spongify) · Spell for growing legs · Substantive Charm · Summoning Charm (Accio) · Tickling Charm (Rictusempra) · Unlocking Charm (Alohomora) · Vinegar into Wine · Wand-Extinguishing Charm (Nox) · Wand-Lighting Charm (Lumos) · Lumos Maxima · Water-Making Spell (Aguamenti)


Defence Against the Dark Arts (D.A.D.A.)
Subjectsdada.JPG
D.A.D.A. at Hogwarts
Classroom 3C · Classroom 3C backrooms · Temporary Classroom · Hogwarts Turris Magnus · Teacher's Office · Storeroom · Staircase · Storage room · Lesson Cup · Race Cup · Duelling Club · Dumbledore's Army
Professors
Arsenius Jigger · Albus Dumbledore · Galatea Merrythought · 1984–1985 professor · 1985–1986 professor · 1986–1987 professor · 1987–1988 professor · Patricia Rakepick · 1989–1990 professor · Quirinus Quirrell · Gilderoy Lockhart · Remus Lupin · Bartemius Crouch Junior (as Alastor Moody) · Dolores Umbridge · Severus Snape · Amycus Carrow (as Dark Arts teacher) · 21st-century professor
Textbooks
The Dark Forces: A Guide to Self-Protection · Advanced Defence Against the Dark Arts · Break with a Banshee · Gadding with Ghouls · Holidays with Hags · Travels with Trolls · Voyages with Vampires · Wanderings with Werewolves · Year with the Yeti · The Essential Defence Against the Dark Arts · Defensive Magical Theory · Dark Arts Defence – Basics for Beginners · Confronting the Faceless · Defence Against the Dark Arts
Spells studied at Hogwarts under D.A.D.A.
Aqua Eructo · Boggart-Banishing Spell (Riddikulus) · Cave inimicum · Counter-curses · Counter-jinxes · Cruciatus Curse (Crucio) · Curse of the Bogies (Mucus ad Nasuem) · Cursed barrier spell · Densaugeo · Deprimo · Disarming Charm (Expelliarmus) · Ear-Shrivelling Curse · Everte Statum · Freezing Spell (Glacius) · Full Body-Bind Curse (Petrificus Totalus) · Fumos Duo · Green Sparks · Hex-Breaker· Hex-deflection · Hex Zapper · Homorphus Charm · Human-presence-revealing Spell (Homenium Revelio) · Impediment Jinx (Impedimenta) · Imperius Curse (Imperio) · Imperturbable Charm · Killing Curse (Avada Kedavra) · Knockback Jinx (Flipendo) · Lacarnum Inflamari · Langlock · Limbo Mist anticharm · Nonverbal spells · Patronus Charm (Expecto Patronus) · Red Sparks (Vermillious) · Reductor Curse (Reducto) · Salvio hexia · Sea Urchin Jinx · Seize and pull charm (Carpe Rectratum) · Shield Charm (Protego) · Smokescreen Spell (Fumos) · Snake-Vanishing Spell (Vipera Evanesca) · Softening Charm (Spongify) · Stretching Jinx · Tickling Charm (Rictusempra) · Tongue-Tying Curse (Mimble Wimble) · Trip Jinx · Twitchy-Ears Hex · Verdimillious Charm (Verdimillous) · Verdimillious Duo Spell (Verdimillous) · Verdimillious Tria · Vermillious Duo · Vermillious Tria · Wand-Lighting Charm (Lumos)
Creatures studied at Hogwarts under D.A.D.A.
Banshee · Boggart · Chameleon Ghoul · Charmed skeleton · Cornish Pixie · Dementor · Erkling · Flesh-Eating Slug · Ghost · Ghoul · Grindylow · Gytrash · Hag · Hinkypunk · Iguana · Imp · Inferius · Kappa · Nocturnal beasts · Red Cap · Snake · Troll · Vampire · Vampire bat · Werewolf · Yeti · Zombie


The Standard Book of Spells
Book of Spells 1.png
Grade 1 · Grade 2 · Grade 3 · Grade 4 · Grade 5 · Grade 6 · Grade 7
Charms included in the series: Dancing Feet Spell · Disarming Charm · Engorgement Charm · Fire-Making Spell · Freezing Charm · General Counter-Spell · Levitation Charm · Locking Spell · Memory Charm · Mending Charm · Nonverbal spell · Severing Charm · Skurge Charm · Softening Charm · Substantive Charm · Summoning Charm · Tickling Charm · Unlocking Charm · Wand-Lighting Charm
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