"Hermione screamed in pain, and Harry turned his wand on her in time to see a jewelled goblet tumbling from her grip. But as it fell, it split, became a shower of goblets, so that a second later, with a great clatter, the floor was covered in identical cups rolling in every direction, the original impossible to discern amongst them."
—The Gemino Curse used in conjunction with the Flagrante Curse in the Lestrange Vault[src]

The Doubling Charm[2] (Geminio) is a charm used to duplicate an object, creating an exact replica of that object. It can also be used to curse an object into multiplying repeatedly when touched, where it is called the Gemino Curse.[3]


The Doubling Charm was invented by a pair of reclusive twin witches, Helixa and Syna Hyslop, who used it to create duplicates of every item inside their mansion, in which they lived together their whole lives. After their deaths, their relatives finally learned of this practise, discovering two, duplicated sets of hand-written instructions for the spell, one left by each twin.[2]


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Geminio Curse in effect in the Lestrange Vault

There was much debate over whether a copy created with the Doubling Charm held the same value as the original, as the two items were impossible to tell apart at first, being identical to one another.[2] However, over time, the copy tended to rot or tarnish more quickly than the original, making it possible to identify eventually. Because of this, the replicas created through this charm are considered to have no value or worth.[2] It is also unknown as to whether or not the Doubling Charm can duplicate living or sentient beings, or if it is able to replicate an object's magical properties. Furthermore, as dictated by the Fundamental Laws of Magic, the Doubling Charm does not affect metaphysical or fundamental entities, such as the soul, as when Hermione Granger used it to create a decoy of Slytherin's Locket, the soul fragment within was not doubled, hence Lord Voldemort's death at the Battle of Hogwarts.

Gemino Curse

An odd characteristic of the spell, for which a solution was never found, was that only the original caster could stop the multiplication of the object.[2] If the caster did not complete their process of casting, the object would continue multiplying indefinitely, stopping only when the copies began to break down. As such, the Doubling Charm can be used to create a single copy, or multiple, depending on the caster's desires.[2] This indefinite replication property can be done deliberately as a security measure, where it is known as the Gemino Curse. This causes objects to begin multiplying out of control when touched by an intruder or potential thief, quickly filling up the space with worthless copies of the original object, and trapping or crushing the trespassers.

Known uses

Caster(s) Date Notes
Hermione Granger 2 September, 1997 This spell was used by Hermione, creating an exact duplicate of the locket they had stolen from Dolores Umbridge, and giving the replica to the Inquisitor, so that she would not suspect that the locket was missing from her person. Although the spell created an object with exactly the same appearance, it did not duplicate the portion of Tom Riddle's soul that was contained within the locket.
Employees at Gringotts Wizarding Bank Unknown Employees cast this curse as well as the Flagrante Curse on all of the valuable objects within the Lestrange Vault. When Harry Potter, Ron Weasley, and Hermione Granger entered the vault in order to retrieve Helga Hufflepuff's Cup, the treasures multiplied repeatedly, and nearly crushed the trio after it had grown so large in number, having formed piles that nearly touched the ceiling. The objects proliferated rapidly, the duplicates multiplying themselves, and duplicates resulting from those duplications, ad infinitum.
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Latin geminare meaning "to double".


Notes and references

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