"From lighting a warm hearth to igniting a Christmas pudding, the Fire-Making Spell is always useful around the wizarding household. However, the ability to produce fire with the flick of a wand can be dangerous to your fellow students (and worse, your books)."
Miranda Goshawk, Book of Spells[src]

The Fire-Making Spell,[2] also known as the Fire-Making Charm[3] (Incendio[3][1][2]) is a charm that conjures a jet of flames that can be used to set things alight.[2]


This spell is listed in The Standard Book of Spells, Grade 1 by Miranda Goshawk. This spell is also taught to students during their first year at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry in Charms (and revised during the second year), Herbology class to deal with the Devil's Snare and other dangerous plants, and is reviewed in the fifth year for students sitting their O.W.L. examinations.

Known uses

"Flames rose at once in the fireplace, crackling merrily as though they had been burning for hours."
—Arthur Weasley uses this spell at the Dursleys' house[src]
Caster(s) Dates Notes
Albus Dumbledore 1895 or 1896 He may have used this spell in his fourth-year at Hogwarts, "accidentally" setting his bed curtains on fire.
1938 Used it nonverbally combined with a Flame-Freezing Charm, to demonstrate his magical ability to eleven-year-old Tom Riddle in a Muggle orphanage.
Rubeus Hagrid 31 July, 1991 Used it nonverbally to light a fire in the grate in the Hut in which the Dursleys and Harry Potter were staying to avoid the barrage of Harry's Hogwarts letters.
Minerva McGonagall 1 September, 1992 Used it nonverbally to light a fire in the grate in Severus Snape's office before Dumbledore arrived when Harry and Ron smashed a Flying Ford Anglia into the Whomping Willow.
Tom 7 August, 1993 Used it nonverbally to light a fire in the grate in the Leaky Cauldron.
Arthur Weasley August, 1994 Used it to light a fire in the grate in 4 Privet Drive.
Death Eater August, 1994 Used it nonverbally to set fire on tents during the attack at the 422ndQuidditch World Cup.
Rita Skeeter 13 November, 1994 Used it nonverbally to light the candles in the Broom cupboard.
Peter Pettigrew 24 June, 1995 Used it nonverbally to light a fire under Voldemort's cauldron in the Little Hangleton graveyard.
Alastor Moody 5 August, 1995 Used it nonverbally to burn a piece of parchment used to reveal the location of 12 Grimmauld Place to Harry Potter.[4]
Thorfinn Rowle 30 June, 1997 Used it to set fire to Rubeus Hagrid's cabin.[5]
Incendio Hut
Tom Riddle 2 May, 1998 Used it nonverbally to burn the Sorting Hat on Neville Longbottom's head during the Battle of Hogwarts.
Hermione Granger 4 August, 1997 Used it nonverbally to light a fire in the grate in 12 Grimmauld Place.
3 September, 1997

She used this spell to try and destroy the locket of Salazar Slytherin.

HP-7-WBZ.avi 003748280
Harry Potter He, too, used this spell to try and destroy the locket, though without any incantation (non-verbally).
31 October, 1981 Harry cast this spell while duelling with Delphini after time-traveling.[6]
Delphini Delphini cast this spell while duelling with Harry Potter after time-traveling.[6]
Dolores Umbridge 2 September, 1995 Umbridge burned a flying paper bird conjured by Padma Patil.[7]
Albus Potter 2020 Sets fire to his Hogsmeade permission form - and surprises himself as it is not usually a spell he can perform successfully.

Known practitioners


  • In Latin, incendio is the dative or ablative singular of incendium, "fire", and can mean "to fire" or "for fire" (dative), "by fire" or "with fire" (ablative of instrument or means). Thus, the incantation is a way of calling upon fire to burn a desired object, since the spell caster wills harm to be done to an object "by (means of) fire."
  • The magic word could also be a variant of the Latin incendo, "I set [something] on fire", with an "i" added before the final "o" for euphony.
  • "Incendio" is the Spanish and Portuguese word for "wild fire". Also, in Italian, the word "Incendio" refers to a great fire similar to that one made by Thorfinn to Hagrid's house.
  • "Incendio" is also the first person singular of the present of the Italian, Spanish and Portuguese verb "incendiar(e)", meaning "to set fire to".

Behind the scenes

  • This may be the spell Remus Lupin used on the Hogwarts Express 1993, combined with a Flame-Freezing Charm when the lights went out as he is described as "holding a handful of flames" though it is more likely that he used the charm for Bluebell Flames.[21] This may also be the spell he used to relight candles during the Patronus lesson[18].
  • In the video game adaptations of Philosopher's Stone and Chamber of Secrets, Incendio is the Bluebell flames charm Hermione uses in the first book. It is used primarily to wilt dank-loving, threatening plants and burn through spider webs. In the later games, it resumes its use as a spell to conjure a small burst of normal fire.
    • Also in the second game, the manuals, and in-game info states it can be used as a duelling charm, despite that in the console versions it is the last spell to be learned in the game, thus duels are no longer as abundant. However, proof of this can be seen in that if the player times it right, they can cast their own Disarming Charm on the incoming mis-cast Indencio (as it flies back to hit the player) and thus catching the spell and mitigating it. This also works with the Knockback Jinx.
  • When Rowle used the spell offensively against Hagrid's hut, it caused an explosion, rather than simply lighting it on fire.
  • Incendio is the first known spell to be cast in the series, although magical devices (Dumbledore's Deluminator), abilities (Animagi) and beings (Hagrid) appeared before.
  • In the film adaptation of Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Bellatrix uses this spell to set Hagrid's hut on fire instead of Rowle.
  • In Harry Potter for Kinect Harry and Voldemort can use this spell against each other in the final battle during Voldemort's Last Stand as they engage in a normal duel.
  • This spell is mentioned in the lyrics of Celestina Warbeck's song "A Cauldron Full of Hot, Strong Love".[22]


Notes and references

Charms (class)
PS Wingardium Leviosa feather
Charmbook writers and developers
Blagdon Blay · Daisy Pennifold · Delfina Crimp · Miranda Goshawk · Jarleth Hobart · Basil Horton · Randolph Keitch · Levina Monkstanley · Orabella Nuttley · Mnemone Radford · Scarpin · Elliot Smethwyck · Felix Summerbee · Fred Weasley · George Weasley · Violeta Stitch
Professors Fortinbras · Filius Flitwick
Textbooks Achievements in Charming · Extreme Incantations · Quintessence: A Quest · The Standard Book of Spells
Charms studied at Hogwarts
Banishing Charm (Depulso) · Cheering Charm · Cistem Aperio · Colour Change Charm (Colovaria) · Dancing Feet Spell (Tarantallegra) · Descendo · Disillusionment Charm · Drought Charm · Eradication Spell (Deletrius) · Engorgement Charm (Engorgio) · Exploding Charm (Bombarda) · Fire-Making Spell (Incendio) · Freezing Charm (Immobulus) · Freezing Spell (Glacius) · Full Body-Bind Curse (Petrificus Totalus) · General Counter-Spell (Finite Incantatem) · Growth Charm · Knockback Jinx (Flipendo) · Leg-Locker Curse (Locomotor Mortis) · Levitation Charm (Wingardium Leviosa) · Locking Spell (Colloportus) · Locomotion Charm (Locomotor) · Mending Charm (Reparo) · Memory Charm (Obliviate) · Muffliato Charm (Muffliato) · Nonverbal spell · Pack Charm (Pack) · Red Sparks (Vermillious) · Reductor Curse (Reducto) · Scouring Charm (Scourgify) · Seize and Pull Charm (Carpe Retractum) · Severing Charm (Diffindo) · Shrinking Charm (Reducio) · Silencing Charm (Silencio) · Slowing Charm (Arresto Momentum) · Skurge Scouring Charm (Skurge) · Softening Charm (Spongify) · Spell for growing legs · Substantive Charm · Summoning Charm (Accio) · Tickling Charm (Rictusempra) · Unlocking Charm (Alohomora) · Vinegar into Wine · Wand-Extinguishing Charm (Nox) · Wand-Lighting Charm (Lumos) · Wand-Lighting Charm Duo · Lumos Maxima · Water-Making Spell (Aguamenti)

The Standard Book of Spells
Book of Spells 1
Grade 1 · Grade 2 · Grade 3 · Grade 4 · Grade 5 · Grade 6 · Grade 7
Charms included in the series: Banishing Charm · Dancing Feet Spell · Engorgement Charm · Fire-Making Spell · Freezing Charm · General Counter-Spell · Levitation Charm · Locking Spell · Memory Charm · Mending Charm · Severing Charm · Softening Charm · Substantive Charm · Summoning Charm · Tickling Charm · Unlocking Charm
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