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"Terminates all spell effects"
—Description[src]

The General Counter-Spell[5] (Finite[2] or Finite Incantatem)[1] was a counter-spell for general use.[5] It might be used in duels to counter or reverse minor damage, such as the effects of minor jinxes, hexes and curses. It could also be used on an entire home to (temporarily) stop the effects of protective enchantments, as a precaution before a Muggle answered the door.[6] It was taught at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry in second year and third year Charms class.[7][8]

This spell was covered in The Standard Book of Spells, Grade 2 by Miranda Goshawk.[5]

Nature

The General Counter-Spell terminated all spell effects ranging from simple dark charms,[9][10] although it would probably be ineffective against moderate to major dark charms; though it was effective when cast by multiple people at once, capable of ending the effects of the extremely destructive Protego Diabolica.[11] For example, the Jelly-Legs Curse needed a specific counter-jinx to be performed to end its effects. It was unknown if there was a difference between Finite and Finite Incantatem in terms of power or usage. It was possible that Finite was simply a more straight forward way of casting the General Counter-Spell to terminate the effects of a single spell.

History

During the 1986–1987 school year at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry, Professor Filius Flitwick taught his third year students in Charms class how to cast this spell.[8]

In 1997 during the trio's infiltration of the British Ministry of Magic, Hermione Granger suggested that Ron should try using Finite Incantatem to stop the rain in Corban Yaxley's office.[10]

Known uses

"He pointed his wand at the rampart, cried, "Finite!" and it steadied."
—Harry using this counter-spell[src]
Caster(s) Date Purpose
Newt Scamander, Theseus Scamander, Porpentina Goldstein, Yusuf Kama, Nicolas Flamel, various Aurors September, 1927 To contain and extinguish the destructive black fire created by Gellert Grindelwald's Protego Diabolica inside the Lestrange Mausoleum, Paris.[11]
Finite
Severus Snape 17 December, 1992 To end the effects of various unfortunate spells that were affecting members of the Duelling Club when the whole club descended into utter chaos.[1]
Remus Lupin 18 June, 1996 Used to free Neville Longbottom from the effects of the Dancing Feet Spell, during the Battle of the Department of Mysteries.[9]
Nymphadora Tonks 1 September, 1996 Used to free Harry Potter from the effects of the Full Body-Bind Curse.[4]
Harry Potter 2 May, 1998 To cancel the effects of Descendo (cast by Vincent Crabbe) on a large pile of falling objects during the Skirmish at the Room of Requirement during the Battle of Hogwarts, to escape Crabbe's Fiendfyre.[12]

Known practitioners

Etymology

From Latin finire, meaning "to end", and incantationem, meaning "enchantment". Finite means 'end' (imperative).

Behind the scenes

Appearances

Notes and references


Charms (class)
PS Wingardium Leviosa feather
Charmbook writers and developers
Blagdon Blay · Daisy Pennifold · Delfina Crimp · Miranda Goshawk · Jarleth Hobart · Basil Horton · Randolph Keitch · Levina Monkstanley · Orabella Nuttley · Mnemone Radford · Scarpin · Elliot Smethwyck · Felix Summerbee · Fred Weasley · George Weasley · Violeta Stitch
Professors Fortinbras · Filius Flitwick
Textbooks Achievements in Charming · Extreme Incantations · Quintessence: A Quest · The Standard Book of Spells
Charms studied at Hogwarts
Banishing Charm (Depulso) · Blackboard Writing Spell · Blue sparks · Bubble-Head Charm · Cheering Charm · Cistem Aperio · Cleaning Charm · Colour Change Charm (Colovaria) · Confundus Charm (Confundo) · Counter-charm for hiccoughs · Dancing Feet Spell (Tarantallegra) · Descendo · Disillusionment Charm · Drought Charm · Eradication Spell (Deletrius) · Engorgement Charm (Engorgio) · Exploding Charm (Bombarda) · Fire-Making Spell (Incendio) · Freezing Charm (Immobulus) · Freezing Spell (Glacius) · Full Body-Bind Curse (Petrificus Totalus) · General Counter-Spell (Finite Incantatem) · Gouging Spell (Defodio) · Growth Charm · Knitting Charm · Knockback Jinx (Flipendo) · Leg-Locker Curse (Locomotor Mortis) · Levitation Charm (Wingardium Leviosa) · Locking Spell (Colloportus) · Locomotion Charm (Locomotor) · Mending Charm (Reparo) · Memory Charm (Obliviate) · Muffliato Charm (Muffliato) · Nonverbal spells · Pack Charm (Pack) · Red Sparks (Vermillious) · Reductor Curse (Reducto) · Scouring Charm (Scourgify) · Seize and Pull Charm (Carpe Retractum) · Severing Charm (Diffindo) · Shrinking Charm (Reducio) · Silencing Charm (Silencio) · Slowing Charm (Arresto Momentum) · Skurge Scouring Charm (Skurge) · Softening Charm (Spongify) · Spell for growing legs · Substantive Charm · Summoning Charm (Accio) · Tickling Charm (Rictusempra) · Unlocking Charm (Alohomora) · Vinegar into Wine · Wand-Extinguishing Charm (Nox) · Wand-Lighting Charm (Lumos) · Lumos Maxima · Water-Making Spell (Aguamenti)


The Standard Book of Spells
Book of Spells 1
Grade 1 · Grade 2 · Grade 3 · Grade 4 · Grade 5 · Grade 6 · Grade 7
Charms included in the series: Banishing Charm · Dancing Feet Spell · Disarming Charm · Engorgement Charm · Fire-Making Spell · Freezing Charm · General Counter-Spell · Levitation Charm · Locking Spell · Memory Charm · Mending Charm · Severing Charm · Softening Charm · Substantive Charm · Summoning Charm · Tickling Charm · Unlocking Charm · Wand-Lighting Charm
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