"Terminates all spell effects"

The General Counter-Spell[3] (Finite[1] or Finite Incantatem[2]) is a counter-spell for general use.[3] It may be used in duels to counter or reverse minor damage, such as the effects of minor jinxes and curses. It can also be used on an entire home to (temporarily) stop the effects of protective enchantments, as a precaution before a wizard answers the door.[5] It is taught at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry in second year's Charms class.

It's currently unknown by who or when the counter-spell was invented. This spell is one of the seven covered in The Standard Book of Spells, Grade 2[3] by Miranda Goshawk.


The General Counter-Spell terminates all spell effects ranging from simple spells like the Dancing Feet Spell to more complicated spells such as Atmospheric Charms, although it would be probably ineffective against moderate to major Dark spells although it is when cast by multiple people at once, capable of ending the effects of dark variation of the Shield Charm called Protego Diabolica even when the charm is cast with the Elder Wand by a person with extraordinary magical power. For example, the Jelly-Legs Curse needs a specific counter-curse to be performed to end it's effects. It's unknown if there is a difference between Finite and Finite Incantatem in terms of power or usage. It's possible that Finite is simply a more straight forward way of casting the General Counter-Spell to terminate the effects of a single spell.

Known uses

"He pointed his wand at the rampart, cried, "Finite!" and it steadied."
—Harry uses it counter Vincent Crabbe's spell[src]
Caster(s) Date Purpose
Newt Scamander, Theseus Scamander, Porpentina Goldstein, Yusuf Kama, Nicolas Flamel, various Aurors September, 1927 To contain and extinguish the destructive black fire created by Gellert Grindelwald's Protego Diabolica inside the Lestrange catacombs.
Severus Snape 17 December, 1992 To end the various unfortunate spells that were affecting members of the Duelling Club when things got a little out of hand.
Nymphadora Tonks 1 September, 1996 Used to free Harry Potter from the Full Body-Bind Curse.
Remus Lupin 18 June, 1996 Used to free Neville Longbottom from the Dancing Feet Spell, during the Battle of the Department of Mysteries.
Harry Potter 2 May, 1998 To cancel the effects of Descendo (cast by Crabbe) on a large pile of objects.

Known practitioners


From Latin finire, meaning "to end", and incantationem, meaning "enchantment". Finite means 'end' (imperative).

Behind the scenes


Notes and references

Charms (class)
PS Wingardium Leviosa feather
Charmbook writers and developers
Daisy Pennifold · Delfina Crimp · Miranda Goshawk · Jarleth Hobart · Basil Horton · Randolph Keitch ·
Levina Monkstanley · Orabella Nuttley · Mnemone Radford · Scarpin · Elliot Smethwyck ·
Felix Summerbee · Fred Weasley · George Weasley · Violeta Stitch
Professors Fortinbras · Filius Flitwick
Textbooks The Standard Book of Spells · Achievements in Charming · Quintessence: A Quest · Extreme Incantations
Charms studied at Hogwarts
Banishing Charm (Depulso) · Cheering Charm · Cistem Aperio · Colour Change Charm (Colovaria) · Dancing Feet Spell (Tarantallegra) · Descendo · Disillusionment Charm · Drought Charm · Eradication Spell (Deletrius) · Engorgement Charm (Engorgio) · Exploding Charm (Bombarda) · Fire-Making Spell (Incendio) · Freezing Charm (Immobulus) · Freezing Spell (Glacius) · Full Body-Bind Curse (Petrificus Totalus) · General Counter-Spell (Finite Incantatem) · Growth Charm · Hardening Charm (Duro) · Knockback Jinx (Flipendo) · Leg-Locker Curse (Locomotor Mortis) · Levitation Charm (Wingardium Leviosa) · Locking Spell (Colloportus) · Locomotion Charm (Locomotor) · Mending Charm (Reparo) · Memory Charm (Obliviate) · Muffliato Charm (Muffliato) · Nonverbal spell · Pack Charm (Pack) · Red Sparks (Vermillious) · Reductor Curse (Reducto) · Scouring Charm (Scourgify) · Seize and Pull Charm (Carpe Retractum) · Severing Charm (Diffindo) · Shrinking Charm (Reducio) · Silencing Charm (Silencio) · Slowing Charm (Arresto Momentum) · Skurge Scouring Charm (Skurge) · Softening Charm (Spongify) · Spell for growing legs · Substantive Charm · Summoning Charm (Accio) · Tickling Charm (Rictusempra) · Unlocking Charm (Alohomora) · Vinegar into Wine · Wand-Extinguishing Charm (Nox) · Wand-Lighting Charm (Lumos) · Wand-Lighting Charm Duo · Lumos Maxima · Water-Making Spell (Aguamenti)

The Standard Book of Spells
Book of Spells 1
Grade 1 · Grade 2 · Grade 3 · Grade 4 · Grade 5 · Grade 6 · Grade 7
Charms included in the series: Fire-Making Spell · Levitation Charm · Locking Spell · Mending Charm · Softening Charm · Severing Charm · Unlocking Charm · Dancing Feet Spell · Disarming Charm · Engorgement Charm · Freezing Charm · General Counter-Spell · Memory Charm · Tickling Charm · Summoning Charm · Banishing Charm · Substantive Charm
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