"The Gouging Spell enables a witch or wizard to carve through earth and stone with ease. From budding Herbologists digging for Snargaluff seedlings to treasure-hunting curse breakers uncovering ancient wizard tombs, the Gouging Spell makes all manner of heavy labour a matter of pointing a wand."
Miranda Goshawk, Book of Spells[src]

The Gouging Spell (Defodio) is a charm used to gouge out specific areas of material, such as earth or stone.


It has practical applications, both in digging and in making passageways through solid rock. Careful use of this spell can dig out the required object and leave the environment relatively untouched.

Known uses

Wizard(s) Notes
Harry Potter Used this spell to escape from Gringotts in 1998 on the back of a dragon
Ron Weasley
Hermione Granger


Latin defodio, meaning "dig out".

Behind the scenes

  • It is possible that Harry later used the spell to carve the words "Here Lies Dobby, a Free Elf" into Dobby's gravestone earlier that year, though this has not been confirmed.