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Healing spell

Healing magic in progress

"Harry's nose felt very hot, then very cold. He raised a hand and felt it gingerly. It seemed to be mended."
Tonks fixes Harry Potter's broken nose[src]

Healing magic[1] is a branch of magic devoted to improving the health of living creatures. Healers and mediwizards are professionally trained in this branch of magic.[2] There are many different types of spells in this branch of magic, that have a variety of effects. There are also a vast group of potions that are dedicated to healing as well.

Healing spells

A Healing spell is a spell whose principle usage is to magically improve the physical condition of the living target. In 1996, Harry Potter allowed Nymphadora Tonks to heal his broken nose with the charm Episkey, though he had been intending to see Madam Pomfrey, whom he privately felt to be more competent with Healing spells than Tonks.[3]

Spell Effects
Anapneo Clears the target person's throat if it is blocked; an example would be if one was choking.[4]
Bandaging Charm (Ferula) A charm used to bandage and splint broken bones. It apparently eases pain as well.[5][6]
Brackium Emendo Is the incantation of a healing spell that can be used to mend broken bones.[7]
Counter-charm for hiccoughs A Counter-charm which removes the effects of hiccoughing.[8]
Counter-curse for Curse of the Bogies A Counter-curse to remove the effects of the Curse of the Bogies.[9]
Entrail-Expelling Curse A curse invented by Urquhart Rackharrow, presumably expels entrails or bodily fluids from the patient.[2]
Episkey Heals relatively minor injuries such as broken noses and split lips.[3]
Ossio Dispersimus Vanishes broken bones from the body.[10]
Reparifors Reverts minor magically-induced ailments like paralysis and poisoning.[11]
Reviving Spell (Rennervate) Revives the unconscious, including those stunned by the Stunning Spell.[12]
Shock Spell Presumably shock the target to help cure mental illness.[13]
Spell to cure Wartcap powder infection A healing spell which cures the effects of Wartcap powder infections.[14]
Stamina Charm Helps boost stamina and injuries of an individual.[15]
Vulnera Sanentur[16] A spell that can heal serious bleeding wounds, used as a counter-curse to the curse Sectumsempra.[17]

Medication

Magical medication normally relates to healing potions, though there are other medications that exists too (such as chocolate).[18] They are described below:

Healing potions

Potions Mandrake Restorative Draught[22]
Cure for Boils[20]
Skele-Gro[7]
Pepperup Potion[10]
Wound-cleaning potion
Potion for Dreamless Sleep[21]
Thick golden potion
Mixture of powdered silver and dittany
Blood-Replenishing Potion[2]
Wolfsbane Potion[23]
Murtlap Essence[24]
Calming Draught[25]
Sleeping Draught[19]
Poison Antidotes[26][27]
Dr Ubbly's Oblivious Unction; given to Ron Weasley by Madam Poppy Pomfrey to cure bad thoughts and memories from the battle of the Department of Mysteries.[28]
Wiggenweld Potion[10]
Antidote to Common Poisons[19]
Healing Potion[15]
Wideye Potion
Burn-Healing Paste

Bubotuber pus

The pus from the magical Bubotuber plant, is a substance which is highly valuable due to its acne-curing properties,[29] and is also an ingredient in the Healing Potion.[15]

Chocolate

Chocolate bar

A bar of chocolate

Chocolate has special properties. Not only does it make a wonderful treat, but it also serves as a particularly powerful antidote for the chilling effect produced by contact with Dementors and other particularly nasty forms of Dark Magic.[18]

Phoenix tears

Phoenix tears have immense healing powers. It is the only known cure for basilisk venom. It is also capable of reviving a person from any injury, even if the person is at the brink of death,[30] similar to unicorn blood (without the cursed side-effects).[31]

Occupations

Healers

Healers

Wizard doctors are known as Healers and Mediwizards. While small infirmaries exist, such as the Hogwarts Hospital Wing run by Madame Pomfrey,[7] the central establishment in England for this purpose is St Mungo's Hospital for Magical Maladies and Injuries, where various magical diseases, such as "Dragon Pox", "spattergroit", and "Vanishing Sickness" are treated.[2]

As Madam Poppy Pomfrey was a matron,[32] there may be different ranks of nurses like there is in the Muggle world. For example: matron, sister, staff nurse, nurse, and student nurse.

Illness and disability

Wizards have the power to correct or override 'mundane' nature, but not 'magical' nature.[19] Therefore, a wizard could catch anything a Muggle might catch, but they can cure all of it; they can also comfortably survive a scorpion sting that might kill a Muggle, whereas they might die if bitten by a Venomous Tentacula.[19] Similarly, bones broken in non-magical accidents such as falls or fist fights can be mended by magic.

The consequences of curses or backfiring magic could be serious, permanent or life-threatening.[19] This is the reason that Gilderoy Lockhart, victim of his own backfired Memory Charm, had permanent amnesia,[30] why the Longbottoms remained permanently damaged by torture with the Cruciatus Curse,[33] and why Alastor Moody had to resort to a wooden leg and a magical eye when the originals were irreparably damaged in a wizards' battle; Luna Lovegood's mother, Pandora, died when one of her own experimental spells went wrong,[28] and Bill Weasley was irreversibly scarred after his meeting with Fenrir Greyback.[34]

Thus it can be seen that while wizards have an enviable head start over Muggles in dealing with the flu, and all manner of serious injuries, they have to deal with problems that Muggles never face.[19] Not only is the Muggle world free of such perils as Devil's Snare and Blast-Ended Skrewts, the Statute of Secrecy has also kept Muggles free from contact with any wizard who could pass on Dragon Pox (as the name implies, originally contracted by wizards working closely with Peruvian Vipertooths) or Spattergroit.[19]

Remus Lupin's affliction could only be medicated with the Wolfsbane Potion, which Severus Snape brewed for him, which would keep him from the developing the 'full-blown' version of lycanthropy. Although it is possible for Muggles to survive werewolf bites and become werewolves themselves, it is far rarer as the magical wound creates a much higher fatality rate for them.[19]

Diseases and injuries

Ailment Notes Afflicted Wizard(s)
Black Cat Flu A wizarding infectious disease presumably of the influenza viruses family. In 1996 there was an outbreak of Black Cat Flu in wizarding Britain; the first cases were reported in January.[35]
Black Death A mass outbreak of the plague that spread throughout Europe during the Middle Ages, peaking in the mid-14th century. During this period, Nicholas Malfoy was believed to have killed many Muggle tenants, disguising their deaths as plague victims.[19]
Cerebrumous Spattergroit A particularly virulent sub-strain of the infectious fungus spattergroit.[36] In addition to the regular symptoms of the disease, such as the formation of purple pustules on the skin, it caused severe confusion and memory loss. A massive outbreak of Cerebrumous Spattergroit was one of several theories for why no one in the wizarding world had any memory of the 1877 Quidditch World Cup.[36]
Dragon Pox A potentially fatal contagious disease that occurs in wizards and witches. Its symptoms are presumably similar to Muggle illnesses like smallpox and chicken pox. However, in addition to leaving the victim's skin pockmarked, dragon pox causes a lasting greenish tinge.[37] Simpler cases present with a green-and-purple rash between the toes and sparks coming out of the nostrils when the patient sneezes.[38] Chauncey Oldridge is credited with being the first known victim of dragon pox, but this was in the 1300s
Gunhilda Kneen had to sit out a Quidditch match due to a case of dragon pox in the 1100s
Gunhilda of Gorsemoor, the famous healer, developed a cure for dragon pox in the late 1500s/early 1600s; dragon pox is treated on the second floor of St Mungo's.[10]
Green thumb The abnormal condition of having one's thumbs with a greenish and warty complexion. Celebrity Herbologist, Potioneer and radio personality Tilden Toots was known for having three green thumbs, since he also had radial polydactyly in his left hand.[39]
Levitation sickness A condition in which Levitation causes a disagreement between visually perceived movement and the vestibular system's sense of movement.[9]
Lycanthropy Is the state in which a werewolf finds him or herself: that of turning into a fearsome and deadly near-wolf. Muggles are far less likely to be infected by lycanthrophy, as the wounds have a higher fatality rate. To date, there is no cure for lycanthrophy. Remus Lupin suffered from this ailment. He was bitten by Fenrir Greyback as a child, member of the Order of the Phoenix, killed by Antonin Dolohov during the Battle of Hogwarts.
Fenrir Greyback suffered from this ailment. He was the leader in the werewolf community and an ally of the Death Eaters, noted to be the most savage werewolf in history.
Mumblemumps A magical disease. It causes the sick person to mumble and their face and neck to swell.[10] Katie Bell got the mumblemumps in 1992, as such, she was frequently seen in the Hospital Wing.[10]
Portkey-sickness A condition in which travelling by Portkey causes a disagreement between visually perceived movement and the vestibular system's sense of movement. Hysterics and nausea are common symptoms of Portkey-sickness.[19] Before the creation of the Hogwarts Express, students used to frequently come by this sickness.[19]
Scrofungulus A wizarding illness. It is a contagious disease and is provoked by an unknown magical bug.[2]
Spattergroit Is a highly-contagious wizarding disease caused by an infectious fungus. Spattergroit causes the skin of those infected to break out in purple pustules.[33][40] Once healed, these blisters can leave scars, particularly on the face.[33] Sufferers are rendered unable to speak once the infection reaches the uvula.[40]
Splinching This occurs when a witch or wizard Apparates or Disapparates unsuccessfully, leaving part of his or her clothes or body behind in their former location. Susan Bones splinched herself during her first Apparition lesson, losing a leg; it was reattached, but the incident left her shaken. It was said to be the first "exciting thing happening" during the lesson.[27]
Ron Weasley splinched himself numerous times during the Second Wizarding War.[41]
Squabbs Syndrome A disease that only affects Dragons. The symptoms include no production of fire and frequent sneezing.[39]
Stinkitus A magical disease provoked by breathing the noxious green gas left when one explodes a Stink Pellet.[10] On April 1st, 1979, approximately five-hundred cases of Stinkitus were reported throughout London.[10]
Vanishing sickness A wizarding illness which possibly caused the infected person's body parts to disappear. It was a contagious disease, provoked by a magical bug.[2]

Limitations

Severe mental damage, such as improperly cast Memory Charms and insanity, may be irreversible.[33]

Certain dark arts, such as body parts severed by Sectumsempra[42] and werewolf-inflicted injuries,[34] cannot be fully healed, and will leave scars at the very least.[19]

No true cure exists for lycanthropy as to date.[19]

Attempt to use the Mending Charm on flesh wounds can cause serious scarring.[43]

Healing magic cannot bring the dead back to life.

Known practitioners

Healers
Others

Appearances

Notes and references

  1. Writing by J.K. Rowling: "Wand Woods" at Wizarding World (transcription available here)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 22 (St Mungo's Hospital for Magical Maladies and Injuries)
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 8 (Snape Victorious)
  4. 4.0 4.1 Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 7 (The Slug Club)
  5. 5.0 5.1 Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban Chapter 19 (The Servant of Lord Voldemort)
  6. 6.0 6.1 Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, Year 4, Chapter 4 (Curse-Breakers) - Private Charms Lesson "Ferula"
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Chapter 10 (The Rogue Bludger)
  8. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 31 (O.W.L.s)
  9. 9.0 9.1 Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (video game)
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 10.6 10.7 10.8 10.9 Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (video game)
  11. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (video game)
  12. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 9 (The Dark Mark)
  13. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 26 (Seen and Unforeseen)
  14. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 6 (The Noble and Most Ancient House of Black)
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 Harry Potter: Wizards Unite
  16. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (film)
  17. 17.0 17.1 Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 24 (Sectumsempra)
  18. 18.0 18.1 Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban Chapter 5 (The Dementor)
  19. 19.00 19.01 19.02 19.03 19.04 19.05 19.06 19.07 19.08 19.09 19.10 19.11 19.12 19.13 19.14 19.15 Pottermore
  20. 20.0 20.1 Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, Chapter 8 (The Potions Master)
  21. 21.0 21.1 Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 36 (The Parting of the Ways)
  22. 22.0 22.1 Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Chapter 9 (The Writing on the Wall)
  23. 23.0 23.1 Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban Chapter 18 (Moony, Wormtail, Padfoot and Prongs)
  24. 24.0 24.1 Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 15 (The Hogwarts High Inquisitor)
  25. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 27 (The Centaur and the Sneak)
  26. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 15 (Beauxbatons and Durmstrang)
  27. 27.0 27.1 Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 18 (Birthday Surprises)
  28. 28.0 28.1 Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 38 (The Second War Begins)
  29. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 13 (Mad-Eye Moody)
  30. 30.0 30.1 Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Chapter 17 (The Heir of Slytherin)
  31. Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, Chapter 15 (The Forbidden Forest)
  32. 32.0 32.1 Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, Chapter 17 (The Man with Two Faces)
  33. 33.0 33.1 33.2 33.3 33.4 Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 23 (Christmas on the Closed Ward)
  34. 34.0 34.1 Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 29 (The Phoenix Lament)
  35. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (film)
  36. 36.0 36.1 History of the Quidditch World Cup from Pottermore (via The Internet Archive)
  37. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 2 (In Memoriam)
  38. 38.0 38.1 Daily Prophet Newsletters
  39. 39.0 39.1 J. K. Rowling's official site
  40. 40.0 40.1 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 6 (The Ghoul in Pyjamas)
  41. 41.0 41.1 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 14 (The Thief)
  42. 42.0 42.1 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 5 (Fallen Warrior)
  43. Wonderbook: Book of Spells
  44. Fantastic Beasts: Cases from the Wizarding World
  45. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 8 (The Wedding)
  46. DUMBLEDORE'S ARMY REUNITES AT QUIDDITCH WORLD CUP FINAL (Archived)
  47. 47.0 47.1 47.2 Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery
  48. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 14 (Felix Felicis)
  49. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 33 (The Prince's Tale)
  50. 50.0 50.1 Writing by J.K. Rowling: "Ilvermorny School of Witchcraft and Wizardry" at Wizarding World
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