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The healing spell Vulnera Sanentur in action

"Harry's nose felt very hot, then very cold. He raised a hand and felt it gingerly. It seemed to be mended."
Tonks fixing Harry Potter's broken nose with Episkey[src]

Healing magic[1] was a branch of magic devoted to improving the health of living creatures. Healers and mediwizards were professionally trained in this branch of magic.[2] There were many different types of spells in this branch of magic, that had a variety of effects. There were also a vast group of potions that were dedicated to healing as well.

Healing spells

Gellert Grindelwald heals Credence Barebone's hand

A Healing spell was a spell whose principle usage was to magically improve the physical condition of the living target.

In 1996, Harry Potter allowed Nymphadora Tonks to heal his broken nose with the charm Episkey, though he had been intending to see Madam Pomfrey, whom he privately felt to be more competent with Healing spells than Tonks.[3]

Spell Effects
Anapneo Cleared the target person's throat if it was blocked; an example would be if one was choking.[4]
Bandaging Charm (Ferula) A charm used to bandage and splint broken bones. It apparently eased pain as well.[5][6]
Brackium Emendo Was the incantation of a Healing spell that could be used to mend broken bones.[7]
Counter-charm for hiccoughs A counter-charm which removed the effects of hiccoughing.[8]
Counter-curse for Curse of the Bogies A counter-curse which removed the effects of the Curse of the Bogies.[9]
Entrail-Expelling Curse A curse invented by Urquhart Rackharrow, presumably expelled entrails or bodily fluids from the patient.[2]
Episkey Healed relatively minor injuries such as broken noses and split lips.[3]
Ossio Dispersimus Vanished broken bones from the body.[10]
Reparifors Reverted minor magically-induced ailments like paralysis and poisoning.[11]
Reviving Spell (Rennervate) Revived the unconscious, including those stunned by the Stunning Spell.[12]
Shock Spell Presumably shocked the target to help cure mental illness.[13]
Spell to cure Wartcap powder infection A Healing spell which cured the effects of Wartcap powder infections.[14]
Stamina Charm Helped boost stamina and injuries of an individual.[15]
Vulnera Sanentur[16] A spell that could heal serious bleeding wounds, used as a counter-curse to the curse Sectumsempra.[17]

Medication

Magical medication normally related to healing potions, though there were other medications that existed too (such as chocolate).[18] They are described below:

Healing potions

Potions Mandrake Restorative Draught[19]
Cure for Boils[20][21]
Skele-Gro[7][22]
Pepperup Potion[10][23]
Wound-Cleaning Potion[24][25]
Potion for Dreamless Sleep[26][27]
Thick golden potion[28]
Essence of Dittany[29]
Mixture of powdered silver and dittany[30]
Blood-Replenishing Potion[2]
Wolfsbane Potion[31]
Murtlap Essence[32]
Calming Draught[33][34]
Sleeping Draught[35][36]
Poison Antidotes[37][38]
Dr Ubbly's Oblivious Unction; given to Ron Weasley by Madam Poppy Pomfrey to cure bad thoughts and memories from the battle of the Department of Mysteries.[39]
Wiggenweld Potion[10][40]
Antidote to Common Poisons[35][41]
Healing Potion[15]
Wideye Potion[35][42]
Bright green liquid[43]
Burn-Healing Paste[24]

Bubotuber pus

The pus from the magical Bubotuber plant was a substance which was highly valuable due to its acne-curing properties,[44] and was also an ingredient in the Healing Potion.[15]

Chocolate

A bar of chocolate

Chocolate had special properties. Not only did it make a wonderful treat, but it also served as a particularly powerful antidote for the chilling effect produced by contact with Dementors.[18][45]

Phoenix tears

Phoenix tears had immense healing powers.[46] It was the only known cure for Basilisk venom,[47] and it would also cure Acromantula venom.[26] It was also capable of reviving a person from any injury, even if the person was at the brink of death,[47] similar to unicorn blood (without the cursed side-effects).[48]

Occupations

Healers

Wizard doctors were known as Healers and Mediwizards. While small infirmaries existed, such as the Hogwarts Hospital Wing run by Madame Pomfrey,[7] the central establishment in England for this purpose was St Mungo's Hospital for Magical Maladies and Injuries, where various magical diseases, such as "Dragon Pox", "spattergroit", and "Vanishing Sickness" were treated.[2]

As Madam Poppy Pomfrey was a matron,[49] there may have been be different ranks of nurses like there was in the Muggle world. For example: matron, sister, staff nurse, nurse, and student nurse.

Illness and disability

Wizards had the power to correct or override 'mundane' nature, but not 'magical' nature. Therefore, a wizard could catch anything a Muggle might catch, but they could cure all of it; they could also comfortably survive a scorpion sting that might kill a Muggle, whereas they might die if bitten by a Venomous Tentacula. Similarly, bones broken in non-magical accidents such as falls or fist fights could be mended by magic.[50]

The consequences of curses or backfiring magic could be serious, permanent or life-threatening. This was the reason that Gilderoy Lockhart, victim of his own backfired Memory Charm, had permanent amnesia, why the Longbottoms remained permanently damaged by torture with the Cruciatus Curse, and why Alastor Moody had to resort to a wooden leg and a magical eye when the originals were irreparably damaged in a wizards' battle; Luna Lovegood's mother, Pandora, died when one of her own experimental spells went wrong, and Bill Weasley was irreversibly scarred after his meeting with Fenrir Greyback.[50]

Thus it can be seen that while wizards had an enviable head start over Muggles in dealing with the flu, and all manner of serious injuries, they had to deal with problems that Muggles never faced. Not only was the Muggle world free of such perils as Devil's Snare and Blast-Ended Skrewts, the Statute of Secrecy had also kept Muggles free from contact with any wizard who could pass on Dragon Pox (as the name implies, originally contracted by wizards working closely with Peruvian Vipertooths) or spattergroit.[50]

Remus Lupin's affliction could only be medicated with the Wolfsbane Potion, which Severus Snape brewed for him, which would keep him from the developing the 'full-blown' version of lycanthropy. Although it was possible for Muggles to survive werewolf bites and become werewolves themselves, it was far rarer as the magical wound created a much higher fatality rate for them.[50]

Diseases and injuries

Ailment Notes Afflicted Wizard(s)
Black Cat Flu A wizarding infectious disease presumably of the influenza viruses family. In 1996, there was an outbreak of Black Cat Flu in wizarding Britain; the first cases were reported in January.[51]
Black Death A mass outbreak of the plague that spread throughout Europe during the Middle Ages, peaking in the mid-14th century. During this period, Nicholas Malfoy was believed to have killed many Muggle tenants, disguising their deaths as plague victims.[52]
Cerebrumous Spattergroit A particularly virulent sub-strain of the infectious fungus spattergroit. In addition to the regular symptoms of the disease, such as the formation of purple pustules on the skin, it caused severe confusion and memory loss.[53] A massive outbreak of Cerebrumous Spattergroit was one of several theories for why no one in the wizarding world had any memory of the 1877 Quidditch World Cup.[53]
Dragon Pox A potentially fatal contagious disease that occurred in wizards and witches. Its symptoms were presumably similar to Muggle illnesses like smallpox and chicken pox. However, in addition to leaving the victim's skin pockmarked, dragon pox caused a lasting greenish tinge.[54] Simpler cases presented with a green-and-purple rash between the toes and sparks coming out of the nostrils when the patient sneezed.[55] Chauncey Oldridge was credited with being the first known victim of dragon pox, but this was in the 1300s.[56]
Gunhilda Kneen had to sit out a Quidditch match due to a case of dragon pox in the 1100s.[57]
Gunhilda of Gorsemoor, the famous healer, developed a cure for dragon pox in the late 1500s/early 1600s; dragon pox was treated on the second floor of St Mungo's.[10]
Green thumb The abnormal condition of having one's thumbs with a greenish and warty complexion. Celebrity Herbologist, Potioneer and radio personality Tilden Toots was known for having three green thumbs, since he also had radial polydactyly in his left hand.[56]
Levitation sickness A condition in which levitation caused a disagreement between visually perceived movement and the vestibular system's sense of movement.[9]
Lycanthropy Was the state in which a werewolf found him or herself: that of turning into a fearsome and deadly near-wolf. Muggles were far less likely to be infected by lycanthrophy, as the wounds had a higher fatality rate. To date, there was no cure for lycanthrophy.[30] Remus Lupin suffered from this ailment. He was bitten by Fenrir Greyback as a child.[30]
Fenrir Greyback suffered from this ailment. He was the leader in the werewolf community and an ally of the Death Eaters, noted to be the most savage werewolf in history.[58]
Mumblemumps A magical disease. It caused the sick person to mumble and their face and neck to swell.[10] Katie Bell got the mumblemumps in 1992, as such, she was frequently seen in the Hospital Wing.[10]
Portkey-sickness A condition in which travelling by Portkey caused a disagreement between visually perceived movement and the vestibular system's sense of movement. Hysterics and nausea were common symptoms of Portkey-sickness.[59] Before the creation of the Hogwarts Express, students used to frequently come by this sickness.[59]
Scrofungulus A wizarding illness.[2] It was a fairly contagious disease and was provoked by an unknown fungus, which could be quite fatal, and was characterised by tiny tentacles erupting on the neck and face.[60] Students in the Hospital Wing during the 1988–1989 school year, during an outbreak.[61]
Spattergroit Was a highly-contagious wizarding disease caused by an infectious fungus. Spattergroit caused the skin of those infected to break out in purple pustules.[62][63] Once healed, these blisters could leave scars, particularly on the face.[62] Sufferers were rendered unable to speak once the infection reached the uvula.[63]
Splinching This occurred when a witch or wizard Apparated or Disapparated unsuccessfully, leaving part of his or her clothes or body behind in their former location.[64] Susan Bones splinched herself during her first Apparition lesson, losing a leg; it was reattached, but the incident left her shaken. It was said to be the first "exciting thing happening" during the lesson.[38]
Ron Weasley splinched himself numerous times during the Second Wizarding War.[65][29][66]
Squabbs Syndrome A disease that only affected Dragons. The symptoms included no production of fire and frequent sneezing.[56]
Stinkitus A magical disease provoked by breathing the noxious green gas left when one exploded a Stink Pellet.[10] On 1 April, 1979, approximately five-hundred cases of Stinkitus were reported throughout London.[10]
Vanishing sickness A wizarding illness which possibly caused the infected person's body parts to disappear. It was a contagious disease, provoked by a magical bug.[2]

Limitations

Severe mental damage, such as improperly cast Memory Charms and insanity, may have been irreversible.[62]

Certain Dark Arts, such as body parts severed by Sectumsempra[67] and werewolf-inflicted injuries,[68] couldn't be fully healed, and would leave scars at the very least.[50]

No true cure existed for lycanthropy as to date.[30]

Attempt to use the Mending Charm on flesh wounds could cause serious scarring.[69]

Healing magic couldn't bring the dead back to life.[50]

Known practitioners

Healers
Others

Appearances

Notes and references

  1. Writing by J. K. Rowling: "Wand Woods" at Wizarding World (transcription available here)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 22 (St Mungo's Hospital for Magical Maladies and Injuries)
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 8 (Snape Victorious)
  4. 4.0 4.1 Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 7 (The Slug Club)
  5. 5.0 5.1 Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, Chapter 19 (The Servant of Lord Voldemort)
  6. 6.0 6.1 Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, Year 4, Chapter 4 (Curse-Breakers) - Private Charms Lesson "Ferula"
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Chapter 10 (The Rogue Bludger)
  8. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 31 (O.W.L.s)
  9. 9.0 9.1 Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (video game)
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 10.6 10.7 10.8 10.9 Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (video game)
  11. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (video game)
  12. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 9 (The Dark Mark)
  13. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 26 (Seen and Unforeseen)
  14. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 6 (The Noble and Most Ancient House of Black)
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 Harry Potter: Wizards Unite
  16. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (film) - Chapter 20 (Sectumsempra)
  17. 17.0 17.1 Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 24 (Sectumsempra)
  18. 18.0 18.1 Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, Chapter 5 (The Dementor)
  19. 19.0 19.1 Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Chapter 9 (The Writing on the Wall)
  20. Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, Chapter 8 (The Potions Master)
  21. Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, Year 1, Chapter 2 (Welcome to Hogwarts) - Potions Lesson "Cure for Boils Potion"
  22. Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, Year 4, Chapter 16 (The Forest Vault) - Potions Lesson "Skele-Gro"
  23. Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, Year 4, Chapter 9 (Glittery Secrets) - Potions Lesson "Pepperup Potion"
  24. 24.0 24.1 Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 20 (The First Task)
  25. Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, Year 6, Chapter 3 (Mixed Message) - Potions Lesson "Wound Cleaning Potion"
  26. 26.0 26.1 Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 36 (The Parting of the Ways)
  27. Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, Year 6, Chapter 20 (A Circle of Friends) - Potions Lesson "Potion for Dreamless Sleep"
  28. 28.0 28.1 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 33 (The Prince's Tale)
  29. 29.0 29.1 29.2 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 14 (The Thief)
  30. 30.0 30.1 30.2 30.3 Writing by J. K. Rowling: "Werewolves" at Wizarding World
  31. 31.0 31.1 Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, Chapter 18 (Moony, Wormtail, Padfoot and Prongs)
  32. 32.0 32.1 Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 15 (The Hogwarts High Inquisitor)
  33. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 27 (The Centaur and the Sneak)
  34. Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, Year 4, Chapter 2 (The Mysterious Madam Rakepick) - Potions Lesson "Calming Draught"
  35. 35.0 35.1 35.2 Pottermore - Magical Drafts and Potions
  36. Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, Year 1, Chapter 9 (Inside the Room)
  37. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 15 (Beauxbatons and Durmstrang)
  38. 38.0 38.1 Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 18 (Birthday Surprises)
  39. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 38 (The Second War Begins)
  40. Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, Year 1, Chapter 4 (Revenge is Best Served Magical) - Potions Lesson "Wiggenweld Potion"
  41. Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, Year 3, Chapter 5 (Tulip Karasu) - Potions Lesson "Antidote to Common Poisons"
  42. Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, Year 3, Chapter 2 (Boggarts and Butterbeer) - Potions Lesson "Wideye Potion"
  43. Fantastic Beasts: The Crimes of Grindelwald - The Original Screenplay, Scene 59
  44. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 13 (Mad-Eye Moody)
  45. Writing by J. K. Rowling: "Dementors and Chocolate" at Wizarding World
  46. Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Chapter 12 (The Polyjuice Potion)
  47. 47.0 47.1 Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Chapter 17 (The Heir of Slytherin)
  48. Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, Chapter 15 (The Forbidden Forest)
  49. 49.0 49.1 Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, Chapter 17 (The Man with Two Faces)
  50. 50.0 50.1 50.2 50.3 50.4 50.5 Writing by J. K. Rowling: "Illness and Disability" at Wizarding World
  51. The Making of Harry Potter - see this image
  52. Writing by J. K. Rowling: "The Malfoy Family" at Wizarding World
  53. 53.0 53.1 History of the Quidditch World Cup from Pottermore (via The Internet Archive)
  54. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 2 (In Memoriam)
  55. 55.0 55.1 Daily Prophet Newsletters
  56. 56.0 56.1 56.2 J. K. Rowling's official site
  57. Quidditch Through the Ages, Chapter 3 (The Game from Queerditch Marsh)
  58. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 16 (A Very Frosty Christmas)
  59. 59.0 59.1 Writing by J. K. Rowling: "The Hogwarts Express" at Wizarding World
  60. Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, Year 7, Chapter 31 (Circle Up)
  61. 61.0 61.1 Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, Year 6, Chapter 21 (Moving Forward)
  62. 62.0 62.1 62.2 62.3 Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 23 (Christmas on the Closed Ward)
  63. 63.0 63.1 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 6 (The Ghoul in Pyjamas)
  64. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 6 (The Portkey)
  65. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 13 (The Muggle-Born Registration Commission)
  66. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 19 (The Silver Doe)
  67. 67.0 67.1 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 5 (Fallen Warrior)
  68. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 29 (The Phoenix Lament)
  69. Wonderbook: Book of Spells
  70. Fantastic Beasts: Cases from the Wizarding World
  71. Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, Year 7, Chapter 29 (Mind Of A Diva)
  72. 72.0 72.1 Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, Year 7, Chapter 19 (St Mungo's Hospital for Magical Maladies and Injuries)
  73. 73.0 73.1 Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, Year 7, Chapter 20 (A Different Kind of Hospital Drama)
  74. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 8 (The Wedding)
  75. DUMBLEDORE'S ARMY REUNITES AT QUIDDITCH WORLD CUP FINAL (Archived)
  76. Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, Year 6, Chapter 16 (The Wizard In White)
  77. Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, Year 2, Side Quest "Sleep Walker"
  78. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 14 (Felix Felicis)
  79. 79.0 79.1 Writing by J. K. Rowling: "Ilvermorny School of Witchcraft and Wizardry" at Wizarding World
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