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"The only entirely non-Muggle settlement in Britain."
— Description of the village[src]

Hogsmeade Village, or simply called Hogsmeade, was the only all-wizarding village in Britain. It was founded by Hengist of Woodcroft. Since before 1714 (when the 1714 Edict was passed), Hogwarts third-years and above had been permitted weekend trips into the village.[1]

Mainly, students frequented the High Street in the village, which contained the named speciality shops and pubs such as Zonko's Joke Shop and Honeydukes. Otherwise, they wandered on to observe the infamous Shrieking Shack.

Hogsmeade was a picturesque little village of cottages and shops, with enchanted candles hanging in the trees during the holidays. It was also near the location of the train station used by the Hogwarts Express.

History

The sign above Hogsmeade with its purported date of foundation, as well as its town imagery of two unicorns, wands, and sparks

According to tradition, Hogsmeade was founded in the 10th or 11th century, around the same time as Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry, by medieval wizard Hengist of Woodcroft as he was fleeing persecution by Muggles.[2][3] A sign over Hogsmeade identified its year of establishment in 914, though this is anachronistic as Hengist of Woodcroft was not yet alive.[4][2]

In 1612 a goblin rebellion took place in the vicinity of the village. Hogsmeade served as the wizards' headquarters during the rebellion.[5][6]

In November 1926, the Daily Prophet reported that Hogsmeade would play host to the first ever Magical Waterplants Festival.[7]

Sometime in the 1930s, Newton Scamander and his brother, Theseus travelled to Hogsmeade to visit Aberforth Dumbledore, looking for Albus Dumbledore. Aberforth told them that's his brother, and Albus came and told Theseus about how he needed to trust him to the fullest amount or else "everything will become undone". They moved towards a nearby window and Albus showed Theseus his blood pact.[8]

At some point in the village's history, it was acknowledged that some of its residents had a tendency to be particularly prone to accidents and injury, to the point where these unlucky locals were being consolationally awarded for their trouble. As of the 1987–1988 school year, one of its inhabitants, a former Care of Magical Creatures Professor at the nearby Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry, Silvanus Kettleburn, had received the Hogsmeade's Most Maimed Award ten years in a row.[9]

1993–1994

"Hogsmeade looked like a Christmas card; the little thatched cottages and shops were all covered in a layer of crisp snow; there were holly wreaths on the doors and strings of enchanted candles hanging in the trees."
— The village during the winter of 1993[src]

Harry Potter's first visit to the village (outside the train station) occurred during the winter of 1993.[10] Because he ran away from his guardians, the Dursleys, he was unable to acquire permission to go, and he visited with the aid of the Marauder's Map.[10] While he managed to sneak around without being seen the first time,[10] after a close call, Harry used his invisibility cloak for his second trip.[11]

Harry Potter humiliating Draco Malfoy, Goyle, and Crabbe at the Shrieking Shack

After a incident that occurred during Harry's second trip to the village, Remus Lupin had to cover for him when Professor Snape questioned him about Draco Malfoy's report that he had seen Harry in Hogsmeade (when the hood of the cloak fell off of Harry's head), Lupin confiscated the Marauder's Map. The confiscation of the map ended Harry's chances of making any more secret trips for the remainder of the school year. Lupin also made Harry rethink his decision of ever journeying to the village.

The inside of Honeydukes, a sweet shop located in Hogsmeade

Neville Longbottom later lost his visitation rights for the remainder of the school year after Sirius Black had used the passwords to Gryffindor Tower which Neville wrote down (that were stolen by Hermione Granger's cat Crookshanks and given to Sirius Black). Later, Sirius, as Harry's godfather, gave written permission for Harry to visit the village.[1]

1995–1996

Hermione Granger: "Look, you know the first weekend in October’s a Hogsmeade weekend? How would it be if we tell anyone who’s interested to meet us in the village and we can talk it over?"
Ron Weasley: "Why do we have to do it outside school?"
Hermione Granger: "Because, I don’t think Umbridge would be very happy if she found out what we were up to."
— Hermione Granger and Ron Weasley planning a secret meeting in Hogsmeade, for the first meeting of Dumbledore's Army[src]

Harry, along with Hermione and Ron, went to visit Sirius Black and Buckbeak in one of the caves in the mountains on the outskirts of Hogsmeade. There, they discussed the strange occurrences surrounding Harry's entrance in the Triwizard Tournament.

The meeting of students in the Hog's Head that would become known as Dumbledore's Army

In the winter of 1995, a group of Hogwarts students that were unhappy about the recent Ministry interference at Hogwarts, formed Dumbledore's Army. The D.A. was an illegal organisation that centred around Harry Potter teaching other students defensive and offensive magic. The first meeting was held in the Hog's Head pub. This is the first time any of the trio had been inside the dingy pub, Ron sarcastically commented on how lovely it was.

Hermione thought that the group would be safer at a more secluded spot, rather then one filled with numerous people. Sirius Black however debased this notion, the fact that if the pub they held their meeting in had heavier traffic flow then less chances of being overheard. Mundungus Fletcher was present in the pub and told the Order everything he overheard.

Harry and Cho at Madam Puddifoot's

On Valentine's Day in 1996, Harry Potter and Cho Chang had a cup of coffee at Madam Puddifoot's Tea Shop, and sat by Roger Davies and his girlfriend. Their date, however, turned out nightmarishly wrong; Harry already felt highly uncomfortable the moment he set eyes on the café's insides, as the decors reminded him of Umbridge's office and the intimate couples all around them made it even more awkward.

It only got worse when Cho started talking about Cedric, which made her cry, and when Harry mentioned (in a way that led to misunderstandings) Hermione Granger she became jealous and left dramatically, to the astonishment of the whole tearoom who stopped to watch them. Harry swiftly paid for the coffee and chased after her, but she had already disappeared from the street.[12] The experience left Harry a negative impression on the place, as he referred to it as a "stupid teashop" when reliving this disaster with Hermione.[13]

Harry's visitation rights for Hogsmeade were later revoked by Dolores Umbridge as punishment for illegally distributing his interview in The Quibbler, but was lifted at the end of the year following Umbridge's removal from the school.

1996–1997

"The walk into Hogsmeade was not enjoyable. Harry wrapped his scarf over his lower face; the exposed part soon felt both raw and numb. The road to the village was full of students bent double against the bitter wind. More than once Harry wondered whether they might not have had a better time in the warm common room, and when they finally reached Hogsmeade and saw that Zonko’s Joke Shop had been boarded up, Harry took it as confirmation that this trip was not destined to be fun. Ron pointed, with a thickly gloved hand, toward Honeydukes, which was mercifully open, and Harry and Hermione staggered in his wake into the crowded shop."
— The trio visiting the village during the winter in 1996[src]

The Golden trio on a passsage way going towards Hogsmeade

Th first and only Hogsmeade trip of the school year was miserable, due to the extreme cold and bitter wind. Harry thought more than once that he, Hermione Granger, and Ron Weasley might have had more fun in the warm Gryffindor Common Room. The trio briefly took shelter in Honeydukes, where Harry had a short conversation with Professor Slughorn. After leaving the sweetshop, Harry, Ron, and Hermione walked through a brick walled passage to get to the Three Broomsticks Inn for butterbeer.[14][15]

While outside the Three Broomstick the trio had a run in with Mundungus Fletcher. Harry caught Fletcher red-handed selling Black family silver to the bartender of the Hog's Head, which had been stolen from Sirius' house; these items and the entire residence at 12 Grimmauld Place were left to Harry in Sirius' will. This enraged Harry and he confronted Mundungus using physical force before Mundungus Disapparated and went into hiding.[16]

Katie on the ground, cursed

During this time, Madam Rosmerta was put under the Imperius Curse and through her, Katie Bell was also placed under the same curse in order to smuggle the opal necklace into Hogwarts in a plot to kill Professor Albus Dumbledore, attempted by Draco Malfoy.[15] As a result of this near-death experience, Katie was moved to St Mungo's and her recovery lasted months. Because of this incident all school trips to Hogsmeade were cancelled for the rest of the year.

1997–1998

"Harry’s feet touched road. He saw the achingly familiar Hogsmeade High Street: dark shop fronts, and the outline of black mountains beyond the village, and the curve in the road ahead that led off towards Hogwarts, and light spilling from the windows of the Three Broomsticks, and with a lurch of the heart, he remembered, with piercing accuracy, how he had landed here, nearly a year before, supporting a desperately weak Dumbledore; all this in a second, upon landing — and then, even as he relaxed his grip upon Ron and Hermione’s arms, it happened."
— The trio infiltrate Hogsmeade and are attacked by Death Eaters[src]

Harry, Ron and Hermione reacting to a light while hiding from the Hogsmeade Death Eaters

Deciding to look for the next of Lord Voldemort's Horcruxes in the Death Eater-controlled Hogwarts Castle, Harry Potter, Hermione Granger, and Ron Weasley Apparated into Hogsmeade village. Their arrival set off a Caterwauling Charm, alerting the Death Eaters of their arrival. As they were hidden under the invisibility cloak, the Death Eaters decided to send Dementors to find Harry.[17]

The Dementors, sensing fear, rapidly closed in, and Harry (fearing for his soul and the souls of his friends) cast a Patronus Charm to repel them. A door creaked open behind, and Aberforth waved the trio in. Aberforth then convinced the Death Eaters that he set off the alarm by letting his cat out, and it was his goat Patronus, not Harry's stag, that they actually saw.[17]

The trio talking with Aberforth before the Battle of Hogwarts

Harry recognised the man as Aberforth Dumbledore, Albus' younger brother. Aberforth wanted them to escape the village the next morning, believing the Order of the Phoenix finished, Voldemort had already won the war, and those still fighting were only deluding themselves. When Harry refused, saying he must complete Dumbledore's mission, Aberforth berated Harry for following his brother, and asked if he knew the entire truth about him.[17] Despite hearing of Dumbledore's past, Harry intended to complete Dumbledore's mission. Aberforth bowed to the inevitable and addressed Ariana's portrait, and she disappeared down a long, dark tunnel, soon returning with another figure; Neville Longbottom.[17]

During the Battle of Hogwarts, Horace Slughorn rallied the residents of Hogsmeade to come to the aid of those fighting at Hogwarts. The Hog's Head Inn contained a secret passageway into the Room of Requirement at Hogwarts, and also served as a route for Order of the Phoenix members and supporters to enter the school to join the battle. The secret passageway also served as a means to evacuate underage students from the school.

The connection might have been broken since Vincent Crabbe unleashed Fiendfyre inside the Room of Requirement, although it is unknown if it completely destroyed the Room of Requirement or merely that particular form of it.

2009–2010

During the 2009–2010 school year, a group of students in search for a mysterious map went to the Hog's Head Inn through the secret tunnel from Hogwarts to Hogsmeade to find the portrait of Harold, who knew the map was back at Hogwarts Castle and told it to them. Lottie Turner cast a Doubling Charm there to duplicate the portrait so that people wouldn't notice if the real portrait of Harold was returned to the castle. In the inn, the students also noticed their History of Magic professor, Jakub Gorski, trading with a Dark Wizard. Headmistress McGonagall eventually found the students and sent them back to the school.[18]

2010–2011

Ivy Warrington visiting Honeydukes shop

In 2010, third-year students visited Hogsmeade without breaking the rules for the first time. Headmistress McGonagall was seen there talking to Linderina Crane, likely about the Nocturnal Order of Tricks and Magical Exhibitions (NOTME). Victor Gridley staged a fireworks display which attracted Elliot Evers and three Hogwarts students, who, upon seeing each other, had a duel. Professor Longbottom arrived afterwards and he and the students saw red origami birds flying over the village, carrying a message signed by NOTME.[18]

During this school year, the three Hogwarts students, Daniel Page, Ivy Warrington and their friend often came to Hogsmeade to visit Victor Gridley in his caravan, who forced Daniel into completing a mission of retrieving his lost Skeleton Key from NOTME. After Daniel returned the key to him, there was a big fight in the dungeon of Gridley's caravan among Gridley himself, the students, the kidnapped Professor Longbottom and Dementors.[18]

Shops and buildings

"They make a fuss about Hogsmeade, but I assure you, Harry, it's not all it's cracked up to be. All right, the sweetshop's rather good, and Zonko's Joke Shop's frankly dangerous, and yes, the Shrieking Shack's always worth a visit, but really, Harry, apart from that, you're not missing anything."
— The wizarding village was full of amazing sights[src]
Locations Notes Store front
Ceridwen's Cauldrons A shop that specialised in cauldrons.
Ceridwen's Cauldrons.png
Dervish and Banges A helpful shop that sold and repaired some magical instruments.
Dervish.jpg
Dogweed and Deathcap A Herbology shop.
Dogweed and Deathcap.jpg
Dominic Maestro's Music Shop A music shop ran and operated by Dominic Maestro.
Dominic Maestro's.jpg
Gladrags Wizardwear A clothing shop that also sold very lurid socks, including ones that screamed when they got too smelly.
Gladrags Wizardwear.jpg
Hairdressing salon A hairdressing salon where students got their haircut done. It was across the street from Honeydukes.
Hayden family shop A shop owned by Corey Hayden's parents.[19][20]
Hogsmeade Post Office The owl post office.
Owl Post Office.jpg
Hogsmeade station The railway station.
Hogsmeadestation2.PNG
Honeydukes A sweet shop that had the entrance to a secret passageway into Hogwarts in its cellar.
Honeydukes DH.jpg
J. Pippin's Potions A chain of apothecaries established in 1753.
Madam Puddifoot's Tea Shop "The haunt of happy couples", according to Harry Potter. Usually couples went there on dates.
Wizarding-world-of-harry-potter-hogsmeade-37.jpg
Ollivanders Local branch of the wand shop.[21]
Ollivanders Hogsmeade.jpg
Hogsmeade branch of Potage's Cauldron Shop A Hogsmeade branch shop that sold cauldrons.
Scrivenshaft's Quill Shop A shop for all types of quills.
Scrivenshaft's.jpg
Shrieking Shack An infamous and the most frightening building in Britain. The villagers thought it was haunted, but they didn't know it was actually the werewolf Remus Lupin making the scary noises (it was where he went to transform).
Shriek.png
Spintwitches Sporting Needs A shop that sold sporting goods.
Spintwitches.jpg
Hog's Head Inn A dingy pub owned by Dumbledore's brother, Aberforth Dumbledore, which hosted a secret passage into Hogwarts created by the Room of Requirement.
Hogshead.PNG
The Magic Neep A greengrocer's.
The Magic Neep.jpg
Three Broomsticks Inn A pub owned by Madam Rosmerta.
Tomes and Scrolls A specialist bookshop that was established in 1768.
Tomes and Scrolls.jpg
Wizarding Wireless Network Headquarters Main headquarters of the popular radio station.
Zonko's Joke Shop A famous joke shop.
Zonkos.jpg

Passageways to Hogwarts

One-Eyed Witch Passage

Hogsmeade and Hogwarts had a shared history, as well. There was one passage from the castle to the main entrance of Hogsmeade.[22] There were at least eight secret passages that ran between the school and Hogsmeade,[10] all but two of which were built for reasons unknown.[23][24] It is possible that some were used during major historical events, such as the 1612 goblin rebellion that centred in Hogsmeade;[5] and at least two used in the final battle to defeat Voldemort.[25]

Hogwarts backside to village right-side: There was a passage with brick walls stretching from the backside of the castle all the way to the right side of the village.[22][8][14]

Hogwarts third-floor corridor to Honeydukes cellar: To enter this passage from Hogwarts, one needed to tap on the statue of 'the one-eyed witch' in the third floor corridor and say “Dissendium.” It lead to a trap door in the floor of the Honeydukes cellar. Unknown to Filch, this passage was discovered somehow by James Potter, Sirius Black, Remus Lupin, and Peter Pettigrew, who included it on the Marauder’s Map; Fred and George Weasley then used it extensively, and eventually taught Harry Potter how to get through it as well.[10]

Whomping Willow to the Shrieking Shack: When Remus Lupin came to Hogwarts as a werewolf, this passageway was built (and the Whomping Willow planted) to give him a place to go when he transformed every full moon. The tunnel was accessed by prodding a knot on the trunk of the Whomping Willow to immobilise the tree, and it lead to the basement of the Shrieking Shack.[26]

The Room of Requirement to the Hog’s Head Inn: A secret passage that “opened” in 1998 to allow renegade Hogwarts students who were in hiding to access food. Though the door was in plain sight in the Room of Requirement, the passageway could only be accessed from the Hog’s Head through the portrait of Ariana Dumbledore on the second floor of the inn.[17][24]

A secret passageway behind the mirror on the fourth floor: Fred and George Weasley used this passageway, also unknown to Filch, extensively until it caved in c. winter 1992.[10]

Four secret passageways that Filch knows about: Not all of these passages necessarily lead to Hogsmeade, though “most of them” probably do. Regardless, nobody can use them, because Filch keeps watch over them.[10] One of these is behind a statue of Gregory the Smarmy.[27]

Behind the scenes

  • In all film adaptations to date, Hogsmeade has been shown as a small snowy roof-topped array of shops. According to Harry Potter Film Wizardry, the set designers made the decision that Hogsmeade is "permanently above the snow line". In real life, this would tend to accumulate glaciers, and is no longer possible in Scotland due to the current warm climate (see also Snow patches in Scotland).
  • There is a recreation of Hogsmeade Village at The Wizarding World of Harry Potter in Universal's Islands of Adventure in Orlando, Florida.
  • Use of magic in Hogsmeade is regulated by certain unspecified spell limits.
  • Google Maps gives a location for Hogsmeade, on the northern slopes of Sgurr a'Choire Ghlais (Peak of the Grey Corrie) in the Scottish Highlands about 25 miles west of Inverness.[28] The site is remote wilderness and may be reached only by experienced and well-equipped hillwalkers. A general view of the area is available at geograph.org.uk[29] It seems likely that the spot was chosen for its inaccessibility.
  • In Hogwarts Legacy, the founding year of Hogsmeade was given as 914. This is consistent with Professor Binns' statement that the exact founding year of Hogwarts, which Hogsmeade's founder attended, is uncertain, around 1000 years ago. Hogsmeade was founded 1078 years prior to this statement in 1992.

Appearances

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Notes and references

  1. 1.0 1.1 Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban
  2. 2.0 2.1 Pottermore introduction for Hufflepuffs (transcription available here)
  3. J. K. Rowling's official site
  4. Hogwarts Legacy
  5. 5.0 5.1 Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, Chapter 5 (The Dementor)
  6. Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, Year 5, Chapter 11 (Mundungus Fletcher) - History of Magic Lesson "Goblin Rebellion of 1612"
  7. Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them (film) - (see this image)
  8. 8.0 8.1 Fantastic Beasts: The Secrets of Dumbledore
  9. Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, Year 4, Chapter 3 (All About Bowtruckles) - Care of Magical Creatures Lesson "Bowtruckle"
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 10.6 Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, Chapter 10 (The Marauder's Map)
  11. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, Chapter 14 (Snape's Grudge)
  12. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 25 (The Beetle at Bay)
  13. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 26 (Seen and Unforeseen)
  14. 14.0 14.1 Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (film)
  15. 15.0 15.1 Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 27 (The Lightning-Struck Tower)
  16. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 12 (Silver and Opals)
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 17.3 17.4 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 28 (The Missing Mirror)
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 Harry Potter: Magic Awakened
  19. Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, Year 7, Chapter 21 (Burning Up)
  20. Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, Year 7, Chapter 24 (In the Thickey of It)
  21. The Wizarding World of Harry Potter (Only appearance of Ollivanders in Hogsmeade)
  22. 22.0 22.1 (see this image)
  23. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, Chapter 18 (Moony, Wormtail, Padfoot and Prongs)
  24. 24.0 24.1 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 29 (The Lost Diadem)
  25. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 30 (The Sacking of Severus Snape)
  26. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, Chapter 21 (Hermione's Secret)
  27. Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, Chapter 9 (The Midnight Duel)
  28. https://goo.gl/maps/8Ag9Ma7ZyEWRHsCc8 - Hogsmeade on Google Maps
  29. https://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/487179
Hogsmeade
Hogsmeade WW logo.png
Scotland, Great Britain
Founder: Hengist of Woodcroft
Shops and other businesses
Baby Witch · Batworthy Junk · Brews and Stews Café · Ceridwen's Cauldrons · Dervish and Banges · Dogweed and Deathcap · Dominic Maestro's · Gladrags Wizardwear · Hayden family shop · Hog's Head Inn · Hogsmeade Post Office · Honeydukes · J. Pippin's Potions · Madam Puddifoot's Tea Shop · The Magic Neep · McBloom & McMuck · McHavelock's Wizarding Headgear · Ollivanders · Pedrus Pridgeon · Rosa Lee Teabag · Scribbulus Writing Implements · Scrivenshaft's Quill Shop · Spintwitches · Three Broomsticks Inn · Tomes and Scrolls · Vladimir Plot Plumbing Supplies · Wizarding hairdressing salon · Zonko's Joke Shop
Other locations
Cave near Hogsmeade · Elphinstone Urquart and Minerva McGonagall's Hogsmeade cottage · Hogsmeade station · Merge Publications · Office 323 · Shrieking Shack · Silvanus Kettleburn's house · Wizarding Wireless Network Headquarters
Known residents and shop employees
Madam Rosmerta · Aberforth Dumbledore · Madam Puddifoot · Ambrosius Flume · Ambrosius Flume's wife · Dominic Maestro · Unidentified Ollivander's associate · Employee of the Hogsmeade Post Office · Archibald Bennett · Three Broomsticks waiter · Horace · J. Pippin · McHavelock · Scrivenshaft · Vladimir Plot · Zonko · Bilton Bilmes · Gwendoline Babcocke · Gwendoline Babcocke's mother · Silvanus Kettleburn · Lucy Lanyon · Betty Huxley · Agnes Nutt · Wally Wimbles · Mopsy Fleabert · Corey Hayden's parents
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