At least some content in this article is derived from information featured in Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery. Spoilers will be present within the article.
The Headmaster or Headmistress of Hogwarts was the chief administrator of Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry, by appointment of the school's Board of Governors. They were responsible for major decisions regarding the safety and the day-to-day functioning of the school, and acted as the school's primary authority, with the exception of the Hogwarts Board of Governors, and during a brief period in 1996, the "High Inquisitor". As such, the Headmaster is only person exempt from usual restrictions placed upon those found inside the school, such as being the only (human) inhabitant capable of Apparating and Disapparating on school grounds.
Hogwarts also has one or multiple Deputy Heads that assist the Headmaster in his duties and who, in the event of a headmaster's incapacitation or unavailability, serve as acting head of the school until a new one is appointed.
The four founders of Hogwarts (Helga Hufflepuff, Godric Gryffindor, Salazar Slytherin, and Rowena Ravenclaw), however, never held this title, despite effectively being in charge of the school during their time.
Identified Headmasters of Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry:
(term of office or period)
|First Headmaster of Hogwarts
(Early 11th century)
|Phineas Nigellus Black
(Sometime after 1925 to between 1965 and 1971)
(Between 1965–1971 or before to 1997)
|Suspended in 1993, later reinstated; assumed to have been sacked in 1996 after escaping a Ministry attempt to arrest him, reinstated later that year.|
|Though Umbridge was proclaimed headmistress, she was not acknowledged as such by the headmaster's office, which shut her out for the remainder of the year.|
(1998 to at least 2020)
Unknown name and portrait:
- Gimlet-eyed Hogwarts Headmistress
- Headteacher of Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry during 1792
Behind the scenes
- Hogwarts is the only school confirmed to have Deputy Headmasters and headmistresses. It's unknown if this position exists in other wizarding schools.
- Dolores Umbridge was not considered an official Hogwarts Headmistress by most. The headmaster's office did not open to her. Also, Phineas Nigellus Black told Severus Snape that he was the first Headmaster from Slytherin since himself, although Professor Umbridge was also a Slytherin.
- Phineas Nigellus Black was considered to be the least popular Headmaster of Hogwarts if one discounts the unofficial Headmistress Umbridge.
- It's unknown if there can be more than one Hogwarts headmaster at a time, however, a Portrait seen in the Headmaster's Office depicting a couple wizards playing Wizard's Chess together, suggesting that it may be possible. The Carrow siblings were also both Deputy Headmaster and Headmistress.
- When Dumbledore was suspended in 1993 for the second opening of the Chamber of Secrets, Draco Malfoy suggested that Snape applies for Headmaster due to his liking for the teacher at the time. Eventually, Snape indeed became Headmaster, five years after the suggestion, though at that time Draco lost his liking for Severus.
- In an Alternative Timeline, Dolores Umbridge became Headmistress of Hogwarts after Snape.
- Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (First appearance)
- Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (film)
- Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (video game)
- Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets
- Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (film)
- Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (video game)
- Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban
- Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (film)
- Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (video game)
- Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire
- Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (film)
- Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (video game)
- Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix
- Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (film)
- Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (video game)
- Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince
- Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (film)
- Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (video game)
- Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows
- Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 1
- Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 1 (video game)
- Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2
- Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2 (video game)
- The Tales of Beedle the Bard (Mentioned only)
- LEGO Harry Potter: Building the Magical World
- LEGO Harry Potter: Characters of the Magical World
- LEGO Harry Potter: Years 1-4
- LEGO Harry Potter: Years 5-7
- LEGO Harry Potter
- Harry Potter: The Character Vault
- Harry Potter: The Creature Vault
- Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery
Notes and references
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Chapter 14 (Cornelius Fudge)
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 15 (The Hogwarts High Inquisitor)
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (film)
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (film) DVD (Disc 2 - Dumbledore's Office)
- ↑ Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (film) - Chapter 21 (The Pensieve)
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 6.2 Harry Potter Limited Edition - The Paintings of Hogwarts: Masterpieces from the School of Witchcraft and Wizardry Sets
- ↑ This portrait has only appeared in the Headmaster's Office in the opening to the game Harry Potter for Kinect
- ↑ Assumption based on clothing.
- ↑ 9.0 9.1 The Wizarding World of Harry Potter
- ↑ LEGO Harry Potter: Years 1-4
- ↑ 11.0 11.1 Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, Chapter 18 (Moony, Wormtail, Padfoot and Prongs) - Remus Lupin says "I was a very small boy when I received the bite...But then Dumbledore became Headmaster, and he was sympathetic." Lupin was attacked shortly before his fifth birthday and visited by Headmaster Dumbledore shortly before his eleventh birthday. This makes the date Dippet left and Dumbledore became Headmaster between March 1965 - March 1971 or before.