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"My son and his wife were tortured into insanity by You-Know-Who's followers. They were Aurors, you know, and very well respected within the wizarding community. Highly gifted, the pair of them."
Augusta Longbottom regarding her son and daughter-in-law[src]

Longbottom was the surname of a pure-blood wizarding family, and one of the Sacred Twenty-Eight. They were related to the Black, Yaxley and Abbott families, and more distantly to the Weasley, Crouch and Potter families.[6]

The Longbottoms did not appear to hold prejudice based on blood purity, although there are indications that they were considered more respectable than the Weasleys. For example, Callidora Black was not disowned by her family for marrying Harfang Longbottom,[6] implying that he was not considered a blood traitor. Their respectability may also stem from both Frank and Alice's popularity as accomplished Aurors.

The last few generations of the Longbottom family, however, had strong connections to the Order of the Phoenix and Dumbledore's Army. This clearly opposed notions of pure-blood supremacy, as the organisations fought on behalf of Muggles and Muggle-borns.[7][8]


Harfang Longbottom was a pure-blood wizard who married Callidora Black. The couple had two children, a son and a daughter.[9]

First Wizarding War

"You have been brought here before the Council of Magical Law so that we may pass judgement on you, for a crime so heinous that we have rarely heard the like of it within this court."
— Description of the attack on the Longbottoms[src]

Frank and Alice Longbottom holding an infant Neville

Frank and Alice Longbottom were the parents of Neville Longbottom. They were both Aurors and members of the original Order of the Phoenix during the First Wizarding War before they were tortured to insanity by Bellatrix, Rodolphus, Rabastan Lestrange and Bartemius Crouch Jnr.[10]

The Longbottoms were placed in the Janus Thickey Ward for spell damage at St Mungo's Hospital for Magical Maladies and Injuries, where they stayed permanently. As a result, their son Neville was raised by his grandmother, Augusta Longbottom.[5]

Between the wars

Augusta escorting Neville to the Hogwarts Express

Augusta and the rest of Neville's extended family worried that he was a Squib, because he showed so little aptitude for magic. Once at Hogwarts, this did not improve. Neville was rather forgetful and had serious trouble performing magic.[11] It did not help that Professor Snape relentlessly singled Neville out for ridicule and that Draco Malfoy bullied him relentlessly. Luckily, while broom-flying and Potions were problems, Neville excelled at Herbology.

Augusta and Neville visiting her son and her daughter-in-law at St Mungo's Hospital

Augusta supported Harry Potter and Albus Dumbledore when they claimed that Lord Voldemort had returned to power. He and his grandmother would frequently visit his parents in the spell damage ward at St Mungo's.[5] In 1995, Neville and his grandmother were visiting his parents when he was greeted by Harry, Ginny Weasley, Ron Weasley, and Hermione Granger.

Neville's turning point came when he joined Dumbledore's Army, during his fifth year at Hogwarts.[3][12] Under Harry's patient tutelage, Neville gained confidence and mastered quite a few defencive spells.[3]

Second Wizarding War

"I'll join you when hell freezes over! Dumbledore's Army!"
— Neville bravely rejecting Voldemort's offer to join him[src]

Neville held a wand point by Bellatrix Lestrange

Neville (along with Luna Lovegood, Ginny, Hermione, Ron, and Harry) took part in the Battle of the Department of Mysteries. They fought against Death Eaters, which included Bellatrix Lestrange.[13] Although Neville was wounded, he was the only other student left standing besides Harry. He also fought bravely a year later when Hogwarts itself was infiltrated by Death Eaters.[14] During the battle, he was injured and was later seen recovering in the Hospital Wing.

In 1997, after Death Eaters had taken control of the Ministry of Magic, Neville was one of the leaders of the student rebellion against Alecto and Amycus Carrow at Hogwarts. In an attempt to force Neville to be more cooperative, Auror John Dawlish was ordered to capture Augusta and take her hostage to ensure Neville's behaviour. Augusta, however, put up a fight, which Dawlish wasn't expecting. According to Neville, she put Dawlish in St Mungo's. After this, Augusta went on the run.[15]

Neville fought in both parts of the Battle of Hogwarts.[16] When he called everyone to arms against the Death Eater army, Augusta re-emerged and assisted Neville in battle. She expressed great pride in her grandson for following in his parents' footsteps.[16]

Neville slaying Nagini during the final battle of the Second Wizarding War

During the battle Neville was given orders from Harry to destroy Voldemort's snake. He refused Lord Voldemort's invitation to join the Death Eaters. The Sorting Hat was then placed upon his head and set on fire. Voldemort and his Death Eaters were distracted when the Defender of Hogwarts' reinforcements stormed the castle. This distraction allowed Neville to break free, he destroyed the seventh and final Horcrux by beheading the snake Nagini.[17] Augusta and Neville both survived the battle and lived to see the end of the Second Wizarding War.[18]

After the war

After the Second Wizarding War, Neville briefly served as an Auror, before becoming the Herbology professor at Hogwarts.[4] He also married Hannah Abbott and they lived above the Leaky Cauldron. It is unknown whether the two ever had any children.

Recent family members

Wizard(s) Notes
Harfang Longbottom A pure-blood wizard who married Callidora Black.
Callidora Longbottom (née Black) Wife of Harfang Longbottom, sister of Cedrella Weasley (née Black) and Charis Crouch (née Black).[6]
Algie Longbottom Brother of Mr Longbottom and uncle of Frank Longbottom.[19]
Enid Longbottom Wife of Algie Longbottom and aunt-by-marriage of Frank Longbottom.[19]
Mr Longbottom Brother of Algie Longbottom and father of Frank Longbottom.[19]
Augusta Longbottom Wife of Mr Longbottom and mother of Frank Longbottom.[19]
Frank Longbottom An Auror and member of the Order of the Phoenix, father of Neville Longbottom, son of Augusta Longbottom and husband of Alice Longbottom.[10]
Alice Longbottom Wife of Frank Longbottom; an Auror and member of the Order of the Phoenix, mother of Neville Longbottom.[10]
Neville Longbottom Son of Frank and Alice Longbottom;[5] a member of Dumbledore's Army and professor of Herbology at Hogwarts.[4]
Hannah Longbottom (née Abbott) Wife of Neville Longbottom and landlady of the Leaky Cauldron[20] It is unknown if Neville Longbottom and Hannah Longbottom had any children.

Family tree

House of Black
Longbottom family
(relation unsure)
Mr Longbottom
Augusta Longbottom
Algie Longbottom
Enid Longbottom
Callidora Black
Harfang Longbottom
Frank Longbottom
Alice Longbottom
Abbott family
1 son
1 daughter
Neville Longbottom
Hannah Abbott


Alice and Frank Longbottom

  • Longbottom, in addition to being a compound word, means "long valley".
  • The name itself is considered quite humorous, but "bottom" is an old word for "staying power". This seems to accurately fit Neville's personality and overall devotion to Harry Potter.


Notes and references

  1. 1.0 1.1 Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, Chapter 7 (The Sorting Hat)
  2. Horace Slughorn claimed that all Blacks were Sorted into Slytherin, but it´s unknown if this included spouses.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 18 (Dumbledore's Army)
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Epilogue (Nineteen Years Later)
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 23 (Christmas on the Closed Ward)
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Black family tree
  7. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix
  8. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows
  9. "Harfang" at Wiktionary
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 30 (The Pensieve)
  11. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 9 (The Half-Blood Prince)
  12. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 16 (In The Hog's Head)
  13. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 35 (Beyond the Veil)
  14. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 28 (Flight of the Prince)
  15. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 29 (The Lost Diadem)
  16. 16.0 16.1 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 31 (The Battle of Hogwarts)
  17. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 36 (The Flaw in the Plan)
  18. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 The Longbottom family tree from Pottermore
  20. "News Article" from MuggleNet
Order of the Phoenix
Fawkes WB F2 FawkesIllustration V2 Illust.jpg
Albus Dumbledore
Albus Dumbledore | Alastor Moody | Kingsley Shacklebolt
Original Order of of the Phoenix:
Aberforth Dumbledore | Alastor Moody | Alice Longbottom | Arabella Figg | Benjy Fenwick | Caradoc Dearborn | Dedalus Diggle | Dorcas Meadowes | Edgar Bones | Elphias Doge | Emmeline Vance | Fabian Prewett | Frank Longbottom | Gideon Prewett | James Potter | Lily Potter | Marlene McKinnon | Mundungus Fletcher | Peter Pettigrew (defected) | Remus Lupin | Rubeus Hagrid | Severus Snape | Sirius Black | Sturgis Podmore
Reconstituted Order of the Phoenix:
Aberforth Dumbledore | Alastor Moody | Arabella Figg | Arthur Weasley | Bill Weasley | Charlie Weasley | Dedalus Diggle | Elphias Doge | Emmeline Vance | Fleur Delacour | Fred Weasley | George Weasley | Harry Potter | Hermione Granger | Hestia Jones | Kingsley Shacklebolt | Minerva McGonagall | Molly Weasley | Mundungus Fletcher | Nymphadora Tonks | Remus Lupin | Ron Weasley | Rubeus Hagrid | Severus Snape | Sirius Black | Sturgis Podmore
Order of the Phoenix allies:
Andromeda Tonks | Augusta Longbottom | Buckbeak | Dobby | Fawkes | Filius Flitwick | Firenze | Garrick Ollivander | Ginny Weasley | Grawp | Helena Ravenclaw | Horace Slughorn | Karkus | Karkus's wife | Kreacher | Lee Jordan | Luna Lovegood | McKinnon family | Mr Westenberg | Mrs Westenberg | Muriel | Nearly-Headless Nick | Neville Longbottom | Oliver Wood | Olympe Maxime | Rita Skeeter | Peeves | Percy Weasley | Pomona Sprout | Poppy Pomfrey | Sybill Trelawney | Ted Tonks | The Fallen Fifty | Westenberg family | Winky | Xenophilius Lovegood
Other affiliations:
Dumbledore's Army | Forbidden Forest Centaur colony | Headless Hunt | Hogwarts Hippogriff herd | Hogwarts house-elves | Hogwarts Ghosts | Hogwarts Staff |
Hogwarts students | Hogwarts Thestral herd | Ministry of Magic | Giant colony (Karkus's control)
Dumbledore's Army
Harry Potter · Hermione Granger · Ronald Weasley
Harry Potter · Neville Longbottom · Luna Lovegood · Ginny Weasley
Gryffindor ClearBG2.png Gryffindor Katie Bell · Lavender Brown · Colin Creevey · Dennis Creevey · Seamus Finnigan · Angelina Johnson · Lee Jordan · Cormac McLaggen · Parvati Patil · Alicia Spinnet · Dean Thomas · Romilda Vane · Fred Weasley · George Weasley · Nigel Wolpert · Unidentified female · Unidentified female (II)
Dumbledore army.jpg
Ravenclaw ClearBG2.png Ravenclaw Terry Boot · Cho Chang · Michael Corner · Marietta Edgecombe · Anthony Goldstein · Padma Patil · Maisy Reynolds · Unidentified male · Unidentified male (II) · Unidentified female
Hufflepuff ClearBG2.png Hufflepuff Hannah Abbott · Susan Bones · Justin Finch-Fletchley · Ernie Macmillan · Zacharias Smith · Leanne · Unidentified female
Unknown House Luca Caruso · Alice Tolipan
Allies and other affiliations
Order of the Phoenix · Hogwarts staff · Augusta Longbottom · Andromeda Tonks · Ted Tonks · Percy Weasley · Oliver Wood · Grawp · Dobby · Winky · Hogwarts house-elves · Forbidden Forest Centaur colony · Hogwarts Hippogriff herd · Hogwarts Ghosts · Hogwarts students · Hogwarts Thestral herd
Department of Magical Law Enforcement employees
Department of Magical Law Enforcement logo.png
Heads of Department
Justus Pilliwickle · Torquil Travers · Bartemius Crouch Senior · Amelia Bones · Pius Thicknesse · Corban Yaxley · Arthur Weasley · Harry Potter
Auror Office
Heads: Theseus Scamander · Rufus Scrimgeour · Gawain Robards · Harry Potter
Mordecai Berrycloth · John Dawlish · Penelope Fawley · Dorian Fungbury · Timothy Hale · Alice Longbottom · Frank Longbottom · Neville Longbottom · Alastor Moody · Riya Patel · Proudfoot · Savage · Kingsley Shacklebolt · Nymphadora Tonks · Ronald Weasley · Williamson · Unidentified Aurors · Unidentified male Auror at Hogwarts · 4 Unidentified Aurors at Hogwarts · Director of the Investigation Department No. 61042
Improper Use of Magic Office
Heads: Travers · Dolores Umbridge
Mafalda Hopkirk · Honoria's fiancé · Mafalda Hopkirk's Ministerial Superior · Rufus Fudge · Orabella Nuttley · Chester Davies · Linderina Crane
Other personnel
Leta Lestrange · Minerva McGonagall · Elphinstone Urquart · Alastor Gumboil · Arnold Peasegood · Arthur Weasley · Perkins · Cerberus Langarm · Hermione Granger · Bob Ogden · Tulip Karasu's mother · Tulip Karasu's father · Dempster Wiggleswade · Amelia Bones's assistant · Arthur Weasley's ten subordinates · Unidentified Hit Wizard · Unidentified Wizengamot clerk
Hogwarts faculty
Founders Godric Gryffindor | Helga Hufflepuff | Rowena Ravenclaw | Salazar Slytherin
Headteachers Eupraxia Mole | Vulpus | Phyllida Spore | Dexter Fortescue | Edessa Sakndenberg | Amrose Swott | Everard | Vindictus Veridian | Dilys Derwent | Quintin Trimble | Limebert | Phineas Nigellus Black | Walter Aragon | Basil Fronsac | Armando Dippet | Albus Dumbledore | Dolores Umbridge | Severus Snape | Minerva McGonagall | Brian Gagwilde | Elizabeth Burke
Deputy Heads Minerva McGonagall | Amycus Carrow | Alecto Carrow
Heads of House Filius Flitwick | Neville Longbottom | Minerva McGonagall | Horace Slughorn | Severus Snape | Pomona Sprout
Teaching staff Bartholomew | Bathsheda Babbling | Herbert Beery | Cuthbert Binns | Brindlemore | Charity Burbage | Camelia | Alecto Carrow | Amycus Carrow | Bartemius Crouch Junior (disguised as Alastor Moody) | Albus Dumbledore | Eleazar Fig | Firenze | Filius Flitwick | Fortinbras | Jakub Gorski | Olivia Green | Rubeus Hagrid | Rolanda Hooch | Arsenius Jigger | Silvanus Kettleburn | Gilderoy Lockhart | Neville Longbottom | Remus Lupin | Mazoni | Minerva McGonagall | Galatea Merrythought | Prendergast | Quirinus Quirrell | Patricia Rakepick | Concordia Rowle | Arif Sikander | Aurora Sinistra | Horace Slughorn | Severus Snape | Pomona Sprout | Swoopstikes | Sybill Trelawney | Dolores Umbridge | Septima Vector | Unidentified Potions professor (16th century) | Unidentified Charms professor (19th century) | Unidentified Herbology professor (19th century) | Unidentified Potions professor (19th century) | 19th-century DADA professor | Unidentified DADA professor (1984–1985) | Unidentified DADA professor (1985–1986) | Unidentified DADA professor (1986–1987) | Unidentified DADA professor (1987–1988) | Unidentified DADA professor (1989–1990) | Unidentified DADA professor (1990–1991) | Unidentified Muggle Studies professor (1990s) | Unidentified DADA professor (1998–?) | Unidentified Potions professor (21st century) | Unidentified Charms professor (?th century)
Hogwarts house-elves Bilm | Boil-ridden house-elf | Deek | Dobby | Filk | Gimkey | Krafty | Kreacher | Pitts | Retch | Vekey | Wigby | Winky
Support staff Rancorous Carpe | Argus Filch | Wilhelmina Grubbly-Plank | Rubeus Hagrid | Rolanda Hooch | Hankerton Humble | Ogg | Irma Pince | Poppy Pomfrey | Apollyon Pringle | Lucinda Thomsonicle-Pocus | Wainscott | Unidentified Healers | Unidentified Flying Instructor (19th century)
St Mungo's Hospital for Magical Maladies and Injuries
Founder Mungo Bonham
Alchemy Room · 'Dangerous' Dai Llewellyn Ward: Serious Bites · Entrance dummy · Janus Thickey Ward · Poisoning Department · Purge and Dowse, Ltd · St Mungo's Admissions Department · St Mungo's Certified Healer Insignia · St Mungo's student programme
Positions Healer · Mediwizard · Trainee Healer · Welcome Witch St Mungo's emblem.webp
Healers Omar Abasi · Eustace Burke · Dilys Derwent · Lancelot · Rutherford Poke · Augustus Pye · Hippocrates Smethwyck · Helbert Spleen · Miriam Strout · Wiggins · Talbott Winger's mother
Katie Bell · Bilton Bilmes · Bitten St Mungo's patient · Barnabus Blenkinsop · Philbert Chivers · Herbert Chorley · John Dawlish · Fugitive werewolf · Grubby-looking St Mungo's patient · Rubeus Hagrid · Penny Haywood · Gordon Horton · Jacob · Minerva McGonagall · Eloise Mintumble · Montgomery · Esme Page · Miriam Strout · Laura Thorn · Nymphadora Tonks · Unidentified dragonologist · Unidentified St Mungo's patient · Unidentified werewolf · Arthur Weasley · Winged St Mungo's patient · Winifred Warrington
Long-term residents Agnes · Alice Longbottom · Broderick Bode (deceased) · Frank Longbottom · Gilderoy Lockhart · Zenith Xeep