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"Funny way to get to a wizards' school, the train. Magic carpets all got punctures, have they?"
Vernon Dursley facetiously discussing wizarding transportation[src]

The Flying Ford Anglia and the Hogwarts Express

There existed various methods of magical transportation[1] that were employed by wizardkind across the wizarding world.

Methods

Apparition

Main article: Apparition
Harry Potter: "You have to pass a test to Apparate?"
Arthur Weasley: "Oh, yes. The Department of Magical Transportation had to fine a couple of people the other day for Apparating without a licence."
Harry's and Mr Weasley's discussion regarding Apparition[src]

Harry Potter and Hermione Granger Apparating

Apparition allowed an individual to vanish and appear at another place almost instantly.[2] The act of Apparating created a noise ranging from a small pop to a loud crack.[3][4][5][6] It was difficult technique to master and became increasingly unreliable over long distances.[3] It required complete concentration on the destination, determination and focus upon the desired location, and deliberation and certainty of reaching the goal.[3] Only of-age wizards who qualified for licences may have been able to legally Apparate.[3] Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry offered Apparition classes to students ages seventeen and older.[7] Side-Along Apparition allowed those with licences to bring minors along with them.[8] Poor focus may have resulted in Splinching, which caused body parts to be separated and left behind.[9][10] The process of Apparition was said to feel like being "forced through a very tight rubber tube".[8]

Floo Network

Main article: Floo Network

British Ministry of Magic employees using the Floo Network

Floo Powder was a magical green powder that was thrown into a lit fireplace and allowed for a portal to connect to another fireplace at a desired location.[11] The system was operated and overseen by the Floo Network, which was based at the British Ministry of Magic.[12][13] A fireplace had to be connected to the Floo Network for one to travel to it,[11] and fireplaces could be connected temporarily, in the case of travelling to Muggle homes.[14] The Floo Network can also be used as a form of communication between wizards.[15][16]

For America, the Magical Congress of the United States of America oversaw the Floo Network. The network appeared to be divided into regions as the "Southern Floo Network", as mentioned in the newspaper The New York Ghost.[17]

Flying

Main article: Flying

A flying lesson taking place at Hogwarts

Wizards used broomsticks to travel long distances,[18] or for sport, particularly in the game Quidditch.[19][20] This skill of flying on brooms was taught at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry to first years in Flying classes.[18] The Cushioning Charm invented by Elliot Smethwyck provided comfort on broomsticks.[19] Some modern broomsticks include the Comet, Cleansweep, Nimbus, and Firebolt.[19]

In Asia and the Middle East, Flying carpets were the primary form of wizarding transport, but were currently designated as muggle artefacts in Britain and were therefore illegal to enchant. They also could not be imported, despite at least one merchant's continued efforts to do so. This ban seemed to be relatively recent as Bartemius Crouch Senior's grandfather owned a flying Axminster before they were made illegal.[21]

Vehicles such as cars[22][23][24] and motorcycles[25][26] could also be modified to be capable of flight, though this was also technically illegal under Misuse of Muggle Artefacts laws.[22]

A range of flying magical creatures were also available for transport, such as Thestrals[27][26] and Hippogriffs.[28][29] When visiting Hogwarts for the 1994 Triwizard Tournament, the Beauxbatons students travelled in a carriage drawn by Abraxan winged horses.[30] Day students of Mahoutokoro (students between the ages of seven and eleven) that did not board at the school flew on the backs of flocks of Giant storm petrels every day.[31]

Ground travel

The Knight Bus driving through London

The Knight Bus took stranded wizards to anywhere in the United Kingdom.[32][33]

Hogwarts students were transported to and from the school on the Hogwarts Express, a train that departed from a magically hidden rail platform from King's Cross Station, London.[34][35] Ministry cars could be used to get to King's Cross Station.[36][37]

Very rarely, a Centaur would allow a human to ride on its back. This was the most solemn of events, offered only to highly honoured riders.[38]

Portkey

Main article: Portkey

Transporation via portkeys

Portkeys were magical objects that allowed for travel across extreme distances or to places that have been charmed against detection. Portkeys may have sent unsuspecting people anywhere, and so they required Ministry authorisation to use and operate. They were usually disguised as ordinary rubbish, such as a crushed aluminium can or a dirty, discarded sock, so Muggles were more likely ignore them, though incidents of muggles being transported had happened.[3][39]

Portkeys could be set to activate either at a prearranged time, or as soon as the person came in contact with them.[3]

Miscellaneous

Durmstrang students travelled on a ship when visiting Hogwarts for the 1994 Triwizard Tournament. Even though it appeared from a whirlpool in the Hogwarts lake, there was still rowing involved. The ship probably acted like a boat on water but with anti-water spells of some sort to prevent water entering the boat.[30]

A Vanishing Cabinet allowed objects and creatures to transport from one cabinet to the other.[40][41]

The British Ministry of Magic used the Toilet network as the official way to gain entry to its headquarters.[42]

Appearances

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Notes and references

  1. Pottermore - Magical transportation that goes beyond the broom
  2. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, Chapter 9 (Grim Defeat)
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 6 (The Portkey)
  4. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 1 (Dudley Demented)
  5. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 2 (A Peck of Owls)
  6. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 2 (Spinner's End)
  7. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 17 (A Sluggish Memory)
  8. 8.0 8.1 Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 4 (Horace Slughorn)
  9. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 18 (Birthday Surprises)
  10. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 14 (The Thief)
  11. 11.0 11.1 Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Chapter 4 (At Flourish and Blotts)
  12. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 3 (The Advance Guard)
  13. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 27 (The Centaur and the Sneak)
  14. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 4 (Back to The Burrow)
  15. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 14 (Percy and Padfoot)
  16. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 32 (Out of the Fire)
  17. (see this image)
  18. 18.0 18.1 Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, Chapter 9 (The Midnight Duel)
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 Quidditch Through the Ages, Chapter 9 (The Development of the Racing Broom)
  20. Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, Chapter 11 (Quidditch)
  21. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 7 (Bagman and Crouch)
  22. 22.0 22.1 Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Chapter 3 (The Burrow)
  23. Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Chapter 5 (The Whomping Willow)
  24. Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Chapter 15 (Aragog)
  25. Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, Chapter 1 (The Boy Who Lived)
  26. 26.0 26.1 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 4 (The Seven Potters)
  27. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 33 (Fight and Flight)
  28. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, Chapter 6 (Talons and Tea Leaves)
  29. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, Chapter 21 (Hermione's Secret)
  30. 30.0 30.1 Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 15 (Beauxbatons and Durmstrang)
  31. Writing by J.K. Rowling: "Mahoutokoro" at Wizarding World
  32. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, Chapter 3 (The Knight Bus)
  33. Writing by J.K. Rowling: "The Knight Bus" at Wizarding World
  34. Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, Chapter 6 (The Journey from Platform Nine and Three-Quarters)
  35. Writing by J.K. Rowling: "The Hogwarts Express" at Wizarding World
  36. Writing by J.K. Rowling: "Technology" at Wizarding World
  37. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, Chapter 5 (The Dementor)
  38. Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, Chapter 15 (The Forbidden Forest)
  39. Writing by J.K. Rowling: "Portkeys" at Wizarding World
  40. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 28 (Snape's Worst Memory)
  41. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 27 (The Lightning-Struck Tower)
  42. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 12 (Magic is Might)
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