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Pomona Sprout: "We'll be repotting Mandrakes today. Now, who can tell me the properties of the Mandrake?"
Hermione Granger: "Mandrake, or Mandragora, is a powerful restorative. It is used to return people who have been transfigured or cursed to their original state."
Pomona Sprout: "Excellent. Ten points to Gryffindor. The Mandrake forms an essential part of most antidotes. It is also, however, dangerous. Who can tell me why?"
Hermione Granger: "The cry of the Mandrake is fatal to anyone who hears it."
— A discussion regarding Mandrakes in a second year Herbology class[src]

A Mandrake, also known as Mandragora, was a magical and sentient plant which had a root that looked like a human (like a baby when the plant is young, but maturing as the plant grows). When matured, its cry could be fatal to any person who heard it.[1]

Description and traits

"A hundred or so tufty little plants, purplish green in color, were growing there in rows. They looked quite unremarkable to Harry, who didn't have the slightest idea what Hermione meant by the “cry” of the Mandrake."
Harry Potter's perception of Mandrakes in a Herbology lesson[src]

A Mandrake plant

Whenever unearthed, the root screamed. The scream of a mature Mandrake when it was unearthed would kill any person who hears it, but a young Mandrake's screams would usually only knock a person out for several hours. When Hogwarts students studied Mandrakes in Herbology class, Professor Pomona Sprout had her students wear earmuffs to protect their ears from the Mandrake's cries.[1]

A Mandrake being pulled from its roots

Mandrakes not only resembled humans, but also had similar behaviours to them. In the 1992-1993 school year at Hogwarts, the school's Mandrakes, at one point of time, became moody and secretive, which indicated that they were reaching adolescence.[5] Later on, they threw a loud and raucous party, which was comparable to humans when they are teenagers, which made Professor Sprout very happy indeed.[6] Madam Pomfrey also mentioned the Mandrakes having acne.[5] Mandrakes were fully matured when they started moving into each others' pots. When matured, Mandrakes could be cut up to serve as a prime ingredient for the Mandrake Restorative Draught, which was used to cure those who have been petrified.[3][5][7]

The life stages of the Mandrake

A Mandrake's scream was very similar to (if not the same as) a banshee's scream, which was also fatal.

The Dugbog's favourite food was Mandrake, which led to Mandrake-growers finding nothing but a bloody mess when pulling their plants out of the ground.[8] Flesh-Eating Slugs were known to favour eating Mandrakes as well.[9]

Stewed Mandrake was used in Potion-making, forming an essential part of most antidotes.[1] Their leaves were also used in potions as well.[10]

History

"We will be able to cure her, Argus. Professor Sprout recently managed to procure some Mandrakes. As soon as they have reached their full size, I will have a potion made that will revive Mrs Norris."
Albus Dumbledore reassuring Argus Filch after his cat was petrified[src]

Minister for Magic Venusia Crickerly died in 1912, following a freak Mandrake-related gardening accident.[11]

Professor Sprout teaching students how to repot young Mandrakes in Herbology class

Mandrakes were part of the second[1] and third year[2] Herbology curriculum at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry, taught by Professor Pomona Sprout.[1] Mandrakes were revised again in the fifth year for students' Ordinary Wizarding Levels.[12] During the 1986–1987 school year at Hogwarts, Professor Sprout taught third year students in Herbology how to handle Mandrakes.[2]

During the 1988–1989 school year at Hogwarts, Jacob's sibling and Liz Tuttle helped Professor Sprout spraying Flesh-Eating Slug Repellent on Mandrakes to prevent slugs from eating them.[13] Later in the school year, first-year students learnt about Mandrakes presumably in Herbology class, but some of them neglected to use their earmuffs, making it necessary for them to be treated by Madam Pomfrey in the Hospital Wing. Jacob's sibling helped her take care of them.[14]

Harry and Ron replanting Mandrakes

At the start of the 1992–1993 school year, Professor Sprout taught second-year Gryffindor and Hufflepuff students in class how to properly repot baby Mandrakes. Hermione Granger impressed Professor Sprout with her knowledge of the Mandrake's properties, earning her house points for her house Gryffindor.[1] During this school year, the school's growth of Mandrakes served the additional purpose of making the Mandrake Restorative Draught, in order to revive all those who had been petrified during the Chamber of Secrets openings.[3]

During the Battle of Hogwarts, Professor Sprout, Neville Longbottom and other students lobbed Mandrakes over the Castle's battlements to attack the Death Eaters.[4]

During the Calamity which affected the wizarding world in the 2010s, Mandrakes were amongst the various magical items caught up as Foundables which had to be dealt with by members of the Statute of Secrecy Task Force.[15]

Etymology

The (European) Mandrake plant has been used since ancient times as a medicinal plant and has a tradition associated with magical activities and witchcraft. It is a member of the nightshade family. It contains hyoscyamine, scopolamine, and mandragorin. Medically, it has been used as a pain killer and a sedative. It was used in ancient times for surgery. An overdose, though, can be fatal.

Because of its roots' shapes resembling humans, it has been used in magical operations, and as a supposed aphrodisiac. There are variations on the plant, Mandragora Offininarum being the most usual form, with the smaller Mandragora autumnalis having the same properties. Some folk traditions call the latter (M. autumnalis) variety as "Womandrake" in distinction to M. Officinarum as "Mandrake". A third variant, Mandragora turcomanica, is a nearly extinct and very rare variety, found mostly in Turkey and a few areas of Iran. M. turcomanica is distinguished from M. autumnalis by having larger fruit.

In the Western Hemisphere, another plant, Podophyllum petaltum, is called the American Mandrake. The American Mandrake is unrelated to the European variety, and has fewer medical applications. It, too, is poisonous.

Behind the scenes

The LEGO portrayal of a Mandrake

Appearances

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The Harry Potter Wiki has 68 images related to Mandrake.

A Mandrake as a POP! Vinyl

A baby Mandrake as shown in Harry Potter: Wizards Unite

A Mandrake as seen in Harry Potter: Puzzles & Spells

Notes and references

Herbology
Pottedmandrake.PNG
Herbologists
Blossom Degrasse · Miranda Goshawk · Quiac Marinus · Beaumont Marjoribanks · Nepali wizard · Gethsemane Prickle · Sanjay Shanker · Selina Sapworthy · Phyllida Spore · Tilden Toots · Hadrian Whittle · Sir Winogrand
Herbology at Hogwarts
Herbology Award · Herbology Lesson Cup · Herbology Race Cup · Herbology Store
Greenhouses One · Two · Three · Four · Five · Six · Seven · Professor's Office
Professors Herbert Beery · Pomona Sprout · Neville Longbottom · Unnamed Professor (19th century)
Textbooks Flesh-Eating Trees of the World · Ingredient Encyclopedia · One Thousand Magical Herbs and Fungi · Winogrand's Wondrous Water Plants
Plants studied and grown at Hogwarts
Aconite · Asphodel · Belladonna · Bouncing Bulb · Bubotuber · Bubotuber pus · Chinese Chomping Cabbage · Cowbane · Devil's Snare · Dirigible plum · Dittany · Fanged Geranium · Fat cactus-like plant · Fire Seed Bush · Flitterbloom · Flutterby bush · Fluxweed · Gillyweed · Ginger · Honking daffodil · Knotgrass · Lavender · Leaping Toadstool · Mandrake · Mimbulus mimbletonia · Mistletoe · Moly · Nettle · Puffapod · Raspberry · Rose · Sage · Screechsnap · Self-fertilising shrub · Shrivelfig · Snargaluff · Sneezewort · Sopophorous plant · Spiky Bush · Spiky Prickly Plant · Stinksap · Sugar Shrub · Toad-eating plant · Tormentil · Umbrella Flower · Valerian · Vampiric vegetation · Venomous Tentacula · Walking plant · Wax vegetables · Whomping Willow · Wiggentree · Wild rice · Wormwood
Spells taught in Herbology at Hogwarts
Fire-Making Spell (Incendio) · Herbivicus Charm (Herbivicus) · Incendio Duo Spell (Incendio Duo) · Lumos Solem Spell (Lumos Solem) · Severing Charm (Diffindo)
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