"Professor Burbage taught the children of witches and wizards all about Muggles... how they are not so different from us..."
Lord Voldemort's scorn for Muggle Studies[src]

Muggle Studies is an elective class and part of the non-magical studies curriculum at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry. It is exactly what the name implies — the study of the history and daily lives of Muggles and how they cope with electricity, technology and science, and not magic.

The subject was made compulsory in 1997 by Lord Voldemort, and instead of facts being taught regarding muggles the class was used to spread prejudice and lies.

Class information

This class aims specifically to acquaint wizards and witches who do not have direct contact with Muggles with the way they live; one known essay topic was "Why Muggles Need Electricity." It is an optional subject, taught from the third year to the seventh. It has both an O.W.L. and a N.E.W.T. exam, and presumably also has practical lessons and exam sections.

Muggle Studies is considered by some to be a soft option, but others, such as Percy Weasley, think it is important for magical people to have an understanding of the non-magical community, especially if they work closely with Muggles, such as in the Ministry of Magic; his father being a case in point.[1]

Muggle games, such as hangman, cards, noughts-and-crosses, rock-paper-scissors, dominoes and crosswords are part of the curriculum, as are playgrounds.[2]

Some wizards doing research into Muggle Studies will use the Internet for such information, a rare example of wizardkind using that service.[3]


Muggle Studies classes take place in a classroom on the first-floor, accessed through a showroom containing Muggle artefacts.


Pre 1990

Quirinus Quirrell taught Muggle Studies at Hogwarts until 1990, when he took a year-long sabbatical and spent time abroad before returning to Hogwarts and becoming the professor of Defence Against the Dark Arts.[4]

The position was taken over by another wizard.


In 1990, a wizard took over from Quirrell as Muggle Studies Professor. In 1992, Harry Potter came looking for him with a torch for him to add to his collection. Unfortunately, he was not present and the professor's student assistant took the torch and added it to the collection for him. He presumably left by 1993.


Ron Weasley: "What are you doing Muggle Studies for? You're Muggle-born! Your mum and dad are Muggles! You already know all about Muggles!"
Hermione Granger: "But it'll be fascinating to study them from the wizarding point of view."
— Ron and Hermione, while discussing their new classes[src]
Hermione Granger took Muggle Studies, as well as every other class, in her third year, despite being Muggle-born. By this time, Charity Burbage had taken over from the former teacher. She wanted to study Muggles from the wizards' point of view, and excelled in the class, but dropped it at the end of the year when she found her schedule too demanding. Ernie Macmillan also took the subject.


In 1997, Professor Charity Burbage was captured by Death Eaters and brought to Malfoy Manor, where Lord Voldemort murdered her with the Killing Curse, because she wrote a positive and impassioned piece about Muggles and Muggle-borns for the Daily Prophet. Before her death, she begged Severus Snape to free her and tell Voldemort to let her go. Severus Snape was forced to ignore her, and then she was put to death. Her corpse was then consumed by Nagini.

Alecto Carrow

Professor Alecto Carrow

Voldemort took over the Ministry of Magic soon afterwards, and Death Eater Alecto Carrow was appointed professor of Muggle Studies, with Professor Burbage noted as "resigned" in the newspaper. The subject was made compulsory, and instead of teaching students accurate facts about the non-magical community and encouraging understanding and tolerance, Carrow taught that Muggles were "like animals, stupid and dirty" and that they "drove wizards into hiding by being vicious toward them," and "how the natural order is being restored,"[5] This was an attempt to brainwash Wizarding children into hating the Muggle world, and into joining Voldemort and the Death Eaters. Neville Longbottom would defy such teachings by asking how much Muggle blood the professor and her brother had.


Boy 1: "What've we got next? I've lost my timetable."
Boy 2: "It's Muggle Studies next. I wonder what we're doing today."
— Two students going to a Muggle Studies class.[src]
After Voldemort's defeat and the end of the Second Wizarding War, Alecto Carrow was presumably imprisoned and Muggle Studies restored to accurate and unbiased teaching. It is unknown who took over Muggle Studies after the war.

Known professors

Required textbooks


Passing Grades

Fail Grades

Known O.W.L.s

Behind the scenes


Notes and references

Muggle Studies
Professors: Quirinus Quirrell · Male Teacher · Charity Burbage · Alecto Carrow
Classrooms: Muggle Studies Classroom · Muggle Studies showroom · Fifth Floor classroom
Textbooks: Cooking the Muggle Way · Home Life and Social Habits of British Muggles · Moronic Muggles · Muggles Who Notice · My Life as a Muggle · The Philosophy of the Mundane: Why the Muggles Prefer Not to Know · When Muggles Attack

Wizarding Education
Ilvermorny Crest 4
The Eleven Schools Beauxbatons · Castelobruxo · Durmstrang · Hogwarts · Ilvermorny · Koldovstoretz · Mahoutokoro · Uagadou
Specialised schools Academy of Broom Flying · Charm School · Euro-Glyph School of Extraordinary Languages · Merge School of Under-Water Spellage · Wizarding Academy of Dramatic Arts
Examinations First year exams · Second year exams · Third year exams · Fourth year exams · Ordinary Wizarding Level · Nastily Exhausting Wizarding Test
Core classes Astronomy · Charms · Defence Against the Dark Arts · Herbology · History of Magic · Potions · Transfiguration
Elective classes Alchemy · Arithmancy · Care of Magical Creatures · Divination · Muggle Studies · Study of Ancient Runes
Extra-curricular classes Apparition · Advanced Arithmancy Studies · Ancient Studies · Art · Flying · Frog Choir · Ghoul Studies · Hogwarts orchestra · Magical Theory · Muggle Art · Muggle Music · Music · Xylomancy