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The Order of the Phoenix was a secret society founded by Albus Dumbledore to oppose Lord Voldemort and his Death Eaters. The original Order was created in the 1970s. It was constructed after Voldemort returned to England from abroad and started his campaign to take over the Ministry of Magic and persecute Muggle-borns. The Order worked with the Ministry to oppose the Dark Lord and his followers, and played a crucial role in the First Wizarding War. Their first victory came in 1981, with Voldemort's first defeat at the hands of Harry Potter. The victory came with the high cost of many of their members.
The Order disbanded but was reconvened in 1995 after Harry Potter informed Dumbledore of Lord Voldemort's return. The Ministry refused to admit that the Dark Lord had returned, thus the Order alone worked to protect Harry Potter and the prophecy concerning him and Voldemort in the Department of Mysteries. After an intense battle that occurred there on 18 June 1996 between the Order, Dumbledore's Army, and the Death Eaters, the Ministry finally admitted the truth.
The following year would see the Order losing their leader and the Ministry being conquered by Voldemort. The Order remained an underground resistance, trying to protect Muggles and broadcast the truth during the worst days of the Second Wizarding War. They answered the call to arms by Dumbledore's Army on 2 May 1998, fighting Voldemort and his Death Eaters for the final time at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry. The Battle of Hogwarts ended with Voldemort's death at Harry Potter's hands and a decisive victory for the Order and their allies.
- 1 History
- 2 Affiliates of the Order
- 3 Etymology
- 4 Behind the scenes
- 5 Appearances
- 6 Notes and references
First Wizarding War
- Sirius Black: "What was there to be gained by fighting the most evil wizard that ever existed? Only innocent lives, Peter!"
- Peter Pettigrew: "You don’t understand! He would have killed me, Sirius!"
- Sirius Black: " THEN YOU SHOULD HAVE DIED! DIED RATHER THAN BETRAY YOUR FRIENDS, AS WE WOULD HAVE DONE FOR YOU!"
- — Sirius Black confronting Peter Pettigrew about Pettigrew's betrayal[src]
The Order of the Phoenix was founded by Albus Dumbledore during Lord Voldemort's first rise to power in the 1970s. Dumbledore formed the Order to combat Voldemort's increasing threat and power. Aurors from the Ministry of Magic also joined the Order to participate in more secretive, sudden assaults aimed to crush the Dark Rebellion. Dumbledore created a method of communication among Order members by inventing a way to make Patronuses speak.
Although the Death Eaters had been attacking mostly Muggles and Muggle-borns to spread terror, they soon turned to attacking "blood traitors" such as Order members as well. The Order had to work hard, as they were outnumbered by a ratio of 20:1 by the Death Eaters. Fabian and Gideon Prewett were murdered by a group of five Death Eaters led by Antonin Dolohov. Caradoc Dearborn disappeared, the Bones family was almost completely destroyed, Benjy Fenwick was brutally murdered, and Marlene McKinnon and her family were murdered by Death Eaters, including Travers. Even as the Order suffered great losses, they continued to fight, and four of their members — James Potter, Lily Potter, Frank Longbottom, and Alice Longbottom — defied Voldemort himself three times.
- "The one with the power to vanquish the Dark Lord approaches... Born to those who have thrice defied him, born as the seventh month dies... and the Dark Lord will mark him as his equal, but he will have power the Dark Lord knows not... and either must die at the hand of the other for neither can live while the other survives... the one with the power to vanquish the Dark Lord will be born as the seventh month dies...."
- — Sybill Trelawney's first prophecy[src]
This defiance made the two couples and their infant sons Harry Potter and Neville Longbottom targets of a prophecy concerning a child with the power to defeat the Dark Lord. Death Eater Severus Snape heard part of the prophecy and reported it to Voldemort, who believed it referred to Harry Potter. He decided to hunt down the Potters, choosing the half-blood Harry, like Voldemort himself, as opposed to the pure-blood, Neville. The Potters, who were in hiding under the Fidelius Charm, caused Snape to change his side since he had always been in love with Lily Potter and felt the need to give her something in return for the friendship the two had shared years before.
It was not enough to save them, however; Dumbledore offered to be the Potters' Secret-Keeper in suspicion that a member of the Order who was a very close friend to the family has turned spy for the Death Eaters. James, however, insisted that Harry's godfather Sirius Black was a better candidate for the role, but Black had a different plan; he secretly suggested to James and Lily to use him as a decoy while another Order member among their closest friends, Peter Pettigrew, took the Secret-Keeper position instead.
Since he was the Death Eater spy Dumbledore was suspicious of, Pettigrew betrayed the Potters a week after the Fidelius Charm was performed, and Voldemort came to their home in Godric's Hollow on 31 October 1981. He summarily murdered James, but offered Lily a chance to live, as requested by Severus Snape. She rejected the offer, begging for her son's life, and Voldemort used the Killing Curse against her and then on Harry. Because Lily had willingly sacrificed herself out of love for her son, Harry was shielded from the spell, and the curse backfired. Because Voldemort had made Horcruxes, he did not die, but he lost his own physical form. He also inadvertently made Harry himself a Horcrux, as a piece of his soul embedded itself into a scar on Harry's forehead.
- "The Longbottoms were very popular. The attacks on them came after Voldemort's fall from power, just when everyone thought they were safe. Those attacks caused a wave of fury such as I have never known. The Ministry was under great pressure to catch those who had done it. Unfortunately, the Longbottoms' evidence was — given their condition — none too reliable."
- — The attack that caused the Longbottoms' insanity[src]
The First Wizarding War ended with a victory for the Order and the Ministry, but the Death Eaters were still a danger. Black attempted to apprehend Pettigrew on a London street after the latter fled the scene at Godric's Hollow with his master's wand, but Pettigrew faked his own death by murdering many innocent Muggles with one Blasting Curse and cutting off his own finger, then escaped in his Animagus form (a rat) to hide with the Weasley family under the name "Scabbers". As a result, Black was permanently made the scapegoat for his friend's crimes and thrown into Azkaban without a trial.
Other actual Death Eaters, such as Travers, Mulciber and three who helped with the Bones murders, were likewise captured and imprisoned. Four of them — the Lestrange brothers; Rabastan and Rodolphus, Rodolphus' wife Bellatrix, and Barty Crouch Jnr — attacked the Longbottoms shortly after their master's defeat. Seeking information about their master's downfall, the Death Eaters drove Alice and Frank insane with the Cruciatus Curse. The Death Eaters and many of their comrades were caught and sentenced to Azkaban, some of them turned in by Igor Karkaroff, who was released in exchange for information. Others, such as Lucius Malfoy, managed to avoid prison by claiming to have only served Voldemort under the Imperius Curse, though Order members were sceptical of such claims.
Albus Dumbledore and Severus Snape, who had turned spy for the Order "at great personal risk" prior to Voldemort's fall, suspected that Voldemort would return, and they determined that Harry Potter had to be protected, having Order members such as Minerva McGonagall, Arabella Figg, and Dedalus Diggle keep a discreet eye on him throughout his childhood. However, the war was over, and the Order was disbanded. The members were, for the most part, powerful witches and wizards with many other demands on their time and if the second incarnation of the Order is indicative, there may well have been internal pressures and uncertainties which, in the absence of a clear, external threat, would make it inadvisable to attempt to maintain the group.
Second Wizarding War
The Order reconvenes
On 24 June, 1995, Lord Voldemort returned to power. His servant Barty Crouch Jnr, disguised as Alastor Moody, had manipulated the Goblet of Fire in order to ensure Harry Potter became a Champion of the Triwizard Tournament. When Harry and fellow Champion Cedric Diggory touched the Triwizard Cup, not knowing that it had been made a Portkey, they were transported to a graveyard in Little Hangleton. Peter Pettigrew murdered Cedric and then performed a ritual to resurrect Voldemort, who then summoned his Death Eaters to him. Harry managed to escape and inform Albus Dumbledore of the Dark Lord's return.
Within an hour, the original Order members had been informed. Dumbledore had Sirius Black, who was still wanted by the Ministry, sent in his Animagus form (a dog) to alert key members such as Arabella Figg, Mundungus Fletcher, and Remus Lupin of the new threat under the name "Snuffles". Upon its reconstitution, the Order set up headquarters at 12 Grimmauld Place in London — Sirius's family home. The house was protected with the Fidelius Charm, with Dumbledore as Secret-Keeper. Members of the Order were assigned by Dumbledore to protect Harry Potter and for guard duty. Harry and his best friends Ron Weasley and Hermione Granger also assisted the Order, though, being under-age, they were not official members.
- Cornelius Fudge: "If you're going to work against me..."
- Albus Dumbledore: "The only one against whom I intend to work is Lord Voldemort. If you are against him, then we remain, Cornelius, on the same side."
- — Fudge and Dumbledore discussing Voldemort's return[src]
Although Dumbledore and the original members of the Order accepted the return of Lord Voldemort, members of the Ministry of Magic, including Minister for Magic Cornelius Fudge, were not convinced. Fudge preferred to believe that Dumbledore was spreading rumours in an attempt to undercut his authority as Minister. Years earlier, there had been widespread support for Dumbledore to take the position, although he declined, choosing instead to remain at Hogwarts. In his early years as Minister, Fudge was constantly bombarding Dumbledore, frantically seeking advice. These actions sowed the seeds of paranoia in Fudge, as he feared Dumbledore would usurp his power. He also accused Dumbledore of "going senile in his old years", and declared that he was clearly mistaken about Voldemort's return. However, some Aurors in the Ministry, such as Kingsley Shacklebolt and Nymphadora Tonks, came to believe Dumbledore and joined the Order in secret.
Under the Ministry's influence, the Daily Prophet portrayed Dumbledore and Harry as either liars or nutters, and thus many members of the wizarding public did not believe in Voldemort's return either. The Order was forced to exist underground and certain members were unable to even greet one another in public, for fear of exposing their allegiances. Voldemort and his Death Eaters took advantage of the Ministry's folly, conducting their business in secret for a year. Among their goals was to obtain a record of the prophecy concerning Voldemort and Harry, which was kept in the Department of Mysteries. The Order kept guard on the area but were hampered by the Ministry's lack of cooperation.
- "Then, high above them, two more doors burst open and five more people sprinted into the room: Sirius, Lupin, Moody, Tonks, and Kingsley."
- — The Order arriving to fight at the Battle of the Department of Mysteries[src]
Voldemort eventually managed to lure Harry there, along with five members of Dumbledore's Army, an organisation Harry, Hermione, and Ron founded at Hogwarts in response to Ministry employee Dolores Umbridge refusing to teach students practical Defence Against the Dark Arts. The group of teenagers were ambushed by twelve Death Eaters. The Order became aware of this through Severus Snape, and Sirius Black, Remus Lupin, Nymphadora Tonks, Alastor Moody, and Kingsley Shacklebolt raced to the Ministry to battle the Death Eaters.
The Order managed to save the students, and the prophecy was destroyed, but Sirius was murdered by his cousin, Bellatrix Lestrange. Albus Dumbledore helped round up the other Death Eaters, summoned the Aurors, and then duelled Voldemort in defence of Harry. All of the Order members that participated in the battle were wounded, with exception of Remus Lupin and Albus Dumbledore. In addition, all Dumbledore's Army members were injured except for Harry.
Several Ministry personnel, including Minister Fudge, entered the Ministry Atrium at the end of this duel, thus seeing Voldemort for themselves. Voldemort Disapparated with Bellatrix, but Fudge was forced to admit that Dumbledore and Harry Potter had been right. He was soon replaced by Rufus Scrimgeour as Minister for Magic.
The battle marked the official beginning of the Second Wizarding War. Although Scrimgeour was a more proactive Minister than Fudge had been, he proved to be suspicious of the Order and of Dumbledore as well. He tried to convince Harry Potter to ally himself with the Ministry to boost public morale, but Harry was disgusted by Scrimgeour's high-handed methods and declared his loyalty to Dumbledore and the Order. Over the course of the school year, Dumbledore taught Harry about Voldemort's past and of the existence of his Horcruxes. This extra lessons would prove to be valuable, as they gave Harry much needed information regarding Voldemort's past.
In the meantime, the Order kept watch at Hogwarts. However, Draco Malfoy, becoming a Death Eater in place of his incarcerated father, managed to use a Vanishing Cabinet to get Death Eaters into the school, and the Battle of the Astronomy Tower ensued. Dumbledore was cornered by Malfoy, but the headmaster managed to convince the boy to lower his wand, and Severus Snape stepped in to kill Dumbledore. Not knowing that this was a plan Dumbledore and Snape had conceived earlier, nor of the headmaster's medical condition due to the curse, the Order believed that they had been betrayed. Members of the Order later attended the Funeral of Albus Dumbledore at Hogwarts, in order to pay their immense respects to their great founder and leader.
Fall of the Ministry of Magic
Now under the leadership of Alastor Moody, the Order's next goal was to remove Harry from his relatives' home before the protection offered by his mother's blood expired on his seventeenth birthday. Unfortunately, a number of the simpler solutions to the situation, such as Floo Powder or Apparition were unavailable due to monitoring by the Ministry, which was being infiltrated by the Death Eaters, and Harry, as an under-age wizard, still had the trace on him. The Order also assigned two of its members, Dedalus Diggle and Hestia Jones, to take Harry's relatives into hiding so that they could not be targeted by Death Eaters. Thus, the Order had to fly him out, using six decoys disguised as Harry with Polyjuice Potion. Despite being ambushed by over thirty Death Eaters and Voldemort himself, the Order managed to get Harry to safety at the Burrow, their next headquarters since Snape knew of 12 Grimmauld Place. Sadly, Moody and Harry's beloved pet owl, Hedwig, were killed in the fray.
Five days later, on 1 August 1997, the Death Eaters seized control of the Ministry. Scrimgeour was murdered and Pius Thicknesse, whom Corban Yaxley had under the Imperius Curse, was installed as Voldemort's puppet Minister for Magic. Kingsley Shacklebolt managed to warn the Order of the coup by sending his Patronus to the Burrow, where Bill and Fleur's reception was being held. Death Eaters stormed the wedding looking for Harry. Various Order members were interrogated, but none were killed. In the meantime, Harry had vanished along with Hermione Granger and Ron Weasley. The three sought to find and destroy Voldemort's Horcruxes, a concept and mission of which the rest of the Order had not been informed.
- River (Lee Jordan): "And what would you say, Royal, to those listeners who reply that in these dangerous times, it should be "wizards first"?"
- Royal (Kingsley Shacklebolt): "I'd say that it's one short step from "wizards first" to "pure-bloods first", and then to "Death Eaters." We're all human, aren't we? Every human life is worth the same, and worth saving."
- — Order members on Potterwatch in 1998[src]
While Voldemort controlled the Ministry, the Order members were fugitives. The Weasleys were kept under heavy surveillance, as they were known to associate with Harry. The Taboo curse was placed upon Voldemort's name since only enemies of the Dark Lord were willing to speak it aloud. This caused Kingsley to nearly be captured after saying the name, but managed to fight off the Death Eaters that attacked him and went on the run.
The Weasleys were also forced into hiding after it was discovered that Ron was travelling with Harry, "Undesirable Number 1," in the spring of 1998. The Weasleys abandoned The Burrow and stayed with their Aunt Muriel, protected by the Fidelius Charm, with the exception of Bill who resided at Shell Cottage with Fleur. This led to Arthur and Bill quitting their respective jobs, Ginny being pulled out of school, and the twins Fred and George Weasley unable to man their shop.
The Order led the underground resistance, participating in the radio programme Potterwatch, which broadcast the truth while the Daily Prophet and other news outlets were controlled by the corrupted Ministry. The Order encouraged people to do as they were doing — protect innocent Muggles from being harmed for the amusement of Death Eaters, and Muggle-borns who were being persecuted by the Ministry's new Muggle-Born Registration Commission. They also encouraged the wizarding community to stay strong and united, especially in such dark times.
- "We've only got half an hour until midnight, so we need to act fast. A battle plan has been agreed between the teachers of Hogwarts and the Order of the Phoenix... All right, leaders up here and we'll divide up the troops!"
- — Kingsley Shacklebolt before the Battle of Hogwarts[src]
On 1 May 1998, the Order received the call to arms from Neville Longbottom, who was left leading Dumbledore's Army at the Death Eater-controlled Hogwarts. He used the Dumbledore's Army coins to contact members of the D.A. who had already graduated Hogwarts, thus assembling a small fighting force. Along with the D.A., the Order of the Phoenix took a final stand against Voldemort and his army. The school was evacuated, the younger students leaving and the ones of age, wanting to fight staying.
They formulated the battle plan with the professors of Hogwarts, who led fighters to the three highest towers, while Kingsley, Remus Lupin, and Arthur Weasley led troops to the school grounds, and Fred and George Weasley organised the defence of the entrances and passageways into the school. The wooden bridge was also destroyed during by Neville, Seamus Finnigan, and Ginny under the orders of McGonagall. The bridge was destroyed using charges.
The Battle of Hogwarts beginning at midnight on 2 May, was a fierce conflict. When Lord Voldemort learned that Harry was in the castle to locate and destroy one of his final Horcruxes, he ordered every Death Eater and creature that had pledged loyalty to him to attack the school. The battle was fought through the castle and the grounds. It resulted in many casualties, the fifty fallen. Of those fallen fifty, Order members Remus Lupin and Nymphadora Tonks were murdered. Remus was murdered by Antonin Dolohov and Tonks by Bellatrix Lestrange. Fred Weasley was also killed in an explosion outside the Room of Requirement, this explosion destroyed the seventh-floor corridor.
Severus Snape met in secret with Voldemort, Voldemort killed him using Nagini, in order to gain the full power of the elder wand.
Voldemort withdrew his forces and gave Harry an ultimatum, face him or he would destroy Hogwarts and kill every last person that attempted to aid him. After learning from Snape's memories that he had to die in order for Voldemort to be defeated, Harry willingly went to Voldemort. He let the Dark Lord hit him with a Killing Curse, not putting up a fight. However, Harry survived the encounter briefly entering limbo. Harry choose to return to the land of the living to finish his fight, resulting in him defeating Voldemort once and for all. This led to the end of the Second Wizarding War. The remainder of the Death Eaters were either captured, killed, or fled school grounds.
- "Harry and Ron utterly revolutionised the Auror Department in — at the Ministry of Magic... And by the time — 19 years later — I would imagine that Harry is heading up that department, which is not corrupt in any way. It's — it's a really good place to be. And Hermione... I think she's now pretty high up in the Department for Magical Law Enforcement... So they're all at the ministry but this is a very new ministry. They made a new world."
- — The trio help create a better Ministry and world[src]
After the final downfall of Voldemort, the Order was disbanded since their mission was complete. The surviving members resumed their lives, though hailed as war heroes and revered for their contributions to fighting the Dark Forces. Several young members (notably Harry and Ron) went on to become Aurors in order to track down the remaining followers of Voldemort who were still at large. Kingsley went on to be Minister for Magic and led a massive reform of the Ministry, weeding out corruption and making the Ministry a more enjoyable place to work.
Enemy of the Order, Dolores Umbridge was sentenced to life in Azkaban for crimes against humanity. It can be assumed that Snatchers and Albert Runcorn were sentenced to Azkaban, as well. Snatchers were not Death Eaters but still committed many horrible acts during the height of the Second Wizarding War, such as murdering Muggle-born Ted Tonks. Runcorn also helped send many Muggle-borns to prison, by having their family trees examined.
The dementors were removed from Azkaban and more humane ways of containing prisoners were put in place. Hermione Granger worked in the Department for the Regulation and Control of Magical Creatures and helped better the treatment of house-elves, before becoming deputy head of the Department of Magical Law Enforcement. Hermione eventually rose to the position of Minister for Magic. Harry was promoted to Head Auror in 2007, at the age of 26 and then went on to be Head of the Department of Magical Law Enforcement by the summer of 2020.
Several of the surviving members of the Order were involved in helping members of the Statute of Secrecy Task Force in various ways to prepare for the difficult task of containing The Calamity, including Arthur and Charlie Weasley, Kingsley Shacklebolt, Aberforth Dumbledore, Minerva McGonagall, Rubeus Hagrid, Hestia Jones and Dedalus Diggle, though the latter only indirectly. This might imply that the Order were reconstituted, at least partially, in order to help coordinate the collaborated efforts made to address the The Calamity. Given the Order's activities and how the Calamity was believed to be closely linked to the London Five, it is possible that the Order was involved in Harry Potter's continued, off-the-record search for the missing individuals after the Ministry formally closed the case.
Affiliates of the Order
- Molly Weasley: "You’ve given Harry plenty of information. Any more and you might just as well induct him into the Order straightaway."
- Harry Potter: "Why not? I’ll join, I want to join, I want to fight —"
- Remus Lupin: "No. The Order is comprised only of overage wizards. Wizards who have left school. There are dangers involved of which you can have no idea, any of you... I think Molly’s right, Sirius. We’ve said enough."
- — Discussion about the general membership of the Order[src]
|First Order, Second Order||Founder and leader of the Order. Fought in the First Wizarding War and the Battle of the Department of Mysteries in 1996; told Harry Potter of the existence of Voldemort's Horcruxes and destroyed one; arranged his own death with Severus Snape in 1997.|
|Fought in the First Wizarding War, the Battle of the Department of Mysteries (1996) and was murdered during the Battle of the Seven Potters (1997).|
|Kingsley Shacklebolt||Second Order||Fought in the; Battle of the Department of Mysteries (1996), Battle of the Seven Potters (1997); led the Order during the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998.|
|Aberforth Dumbledore||First Order, Second Order||Younger brother of the Order's founder and leader. Assisted Dumbledore's Army in 1997-1998 by passing food and supplies into the Room of Requirement. Assisted Harry Potter, Hermione Granger, and Ron Weasley in Malfoy Manor by sending Dobby to rescue them, and later by hiding them in the Hog's Head when Death Eaters were watching Hogsmeade. Fought in the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998.|
|Arabella Figg||After the initial fall of Lord Voldemort, Mrs Figg was tasked to watch over Harry Potter throughout his life in Little Whinging by Dumbledore. Acted as a witness in Harry's defence for his criminal hearing in 1995; Is a Squib.|
|Alice Longbottom||First Order||Fought in the First Wizarding War; tortured into insanity using the Cruciatus Curse by Barty Crouch Jnr, Rodolphus, Rabastan and Bellatrix Lestrange at the end of the conflict.|
|Murdered/mutilated during the First Wizarding War.|
|Disappeared during the height of the First Wizarding War; his body was never found, but he was presumed dead.|
|Dedalus Diggle||First Order, Second Order||After the initial fall of Lord Voldemort, Dedalus Diggle was tasked with keeping an eye on Harry Potter throughout his childhood in Little Whinging by Dumbledore. Served as a member of the Advance Guard in 1995; one of two Order members assigned to evacuate the Dursleys in 1997.|
|First Order||Murdered by Lord Voldemort in the First Wizarding War.|
|Murdered by Death Eaters during the First Wizarding War along with his wife and children. Hagrid considered the Bones family to be among the best witches and wizards of the age.|
|Elphias Doge||First Order, Second Order||Part of the Advance Guard in 1995; appears to have helped shadow Harry in the years before he started Hogwarts.|
|Member of the Advance Guard in 1995; murdered by Death Eaters in 1996.|
|First Order||Fought and murdered in the First Wizarding War by five Death Eaters, including Antonin Dolohov.|
|Frank Longbottom||Fought in the First Wizarding War; tortured into insanity using the Cruciatus Curse by Barty Crouch Jnr, Rodolphus, Rabastan and Bellatrix Lestrange at the end of the conflict.|
|Fought and murdered in the First Wizarding War by five Death Eaters, including Antonin Dolohov.|
|Fought in the First Wizarding War; murdered by Lord Voldemort in Godric's Hollow in 1981.|
|Murdered along with her family in the First Wizarding War by Death Eaters, including Travers.|
|Minerva McGonagall||Second Order||Did not join the Order during the First Wizarding War, preferring to work instead as a spy for the Ministry of Magic. Joined by the time of the Second Wizarding War, believing the Ministry had become corrupt and dangerous. Fought in the Battle of the Astronomy Tower (1997) and the Battle of Hogwarts (1998). Ousted Severus Snape at the beginning of the Battle of Hogwarts, and lead the defence of Hogwarts in the same battle. Leader of the Order with Kingsley Shacklebolt from June 1997 to May 1998.|
|Mundungus Fletcher||First Order, Second Order||Assigned to watch over Harry Potter in 1995. Participated in the Battle of the Seven Potters, but fled as soon as Voldemort attacked him and Alastor Moody. Later, under duress, assisted Harry, Hermione, and Ron in locating Salazar Slytherin's Locket.|
|First Order||Defected and joined Death Eaters; betrayed the Potters to Lord Voldemort. Killed by his own silver hand after hesitating to kill Harry.|
|First Order, Second Order||Participated in both the First and Second Wizarding Wars. Fought in the; Battle of the Department of Mysteries (1996), Battle of the Astronomy Tower (1997), Battle of the Seven Potters (1997), and was murdered during the Battle of Hogwarts (1998) by Antonin Dolohov. He was a werewolf.|
|Rubeus Hagrid||Fought in the; Battle of the Astronomy Tower (1997), Battle of the Seven Potters (1997), and Battle of Hogwarts (1998). Half-Giant.|
|Defected from Death Eaters before the end of the First Wizarding War, due to his love for Lily Evans; spy during the Second Wizarding War; murdered during the Battle of Hogwarts by Voldemort.|
|Fought in both the First and Second Wizarding Wars. Let the Order use his family home as its headquarters. Murdered by his cousin Bellatrix Lestrange during the Battle of the Department of Mysteries (1996). Was in Azkaban for supposedly murdering Peter Pettigrew, broke out in 1993.|
|Sturgis Podmore||Arrested in 1996 attempting to break into the Department of Mysteries under the Imperius Curse. Member of the Advance Guard in 1995.|
|Arthur Weasley||Second Order|
|Bill Weasley||Fought in the Battle of the Astronomy Tower and the Battle of the Seven Potters in 1997, and the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998.|
|Charlie Weasley||Assigned to recruit foreign wizards and led reinforcements to the Battle of Hogwarts (1998).|
|Hestia Jones||Member of the Advance Guard in 1995; one of the two Order members assigned to evacuate the Dursleys in 1997.|
|Molly Weasley||Fought in the Battle of Hogwarts (1998) and killed Bellatrix Lestrange, partly in retribution for multiple personal losses.|
|Fought in the; Battle of the Department of Mysteries (1996), Battle of the Astronomy Tower (1997), Battle of the Seven Potters (1997), and murdered during the Battle of Hogwarts (1998) by Bellatrix Lestrange.|
|Fleur Delacour||Second Order (assumed)||Fought in the Battle of the Seven Potters (1997) and the Battle of Hogwarts (1998).|
|Fought in the Battle of the Seven Potters (1997) and the Battle of Hogwarts in (1998), killed by an explosion during the battle.|
|George Weasley||Fought in the Battle of the Seven Potters (1997), during which he lost his left ear, and the Battle of Hogwarts (1998).|
|Harry Potter||Fought in the; Battle of the Department of Mysteries (1996), Battle of the Astronomy Tower (1997), Battle of the Seven Potters (1997), and defeated Lord Voldemort for good during the Battle of Hogwarts (1998). Also helped render Voldemort mortal (and vulnerable) by finding his Horcruxes, along with Ron Weasley and Hermione Granger, also destroyed Tom Riddle's Diary.|
|Hermione Granger||Fought in the; Battle of the Department of Mysteries (1996), Battle of the Astronomy Tower (1997), Battle of the Seven Potters (1997), and Battle of Hogwarts (1998). Accompanied Harry Potter and Ron Weasley on the hunt for Voldemort's Horcruxes and destroyed Helga Hufflepuff's Cup.|
|Ron Weasley||Fought in the; Battle of the Department of Mysteries (1996), Battle of the Astronomy Tower (1997), Battle of the Seven Potters (1997), and Battle of Hogwarts (1998). Accompanied Harry Potter and Hermione Granger on the hunt for Voldemort's Horcruxes and destroyed Salazar Slytherin's Locket.|
- "Still... the prudent wizard keeps his head down in such times. All very well for Dumbledore to talk, but taking up a post at Hogwarts just now would be tantamount to declaring my public allegiance to the Order of the Phoenix! And while I’m sure they’re very admirable and brave and all the rest of it, I don’t personally fancy the mortality rate —"
- — Horace Slughorn's reluctance to show his support for the Order[src]
During the First Wizarding War, the Order was allied with the Ministry of Magic. During the Second Wizarding War, however, the Ministry was at times sceptical of Lord Voldemort's return and later taken over by Voldemort's followers. The Order was allied with Dumbledore's Army, as well as various individuals, during that conflict.
|Andromeda Tonks||Second Order||Allowed the Order to use her family's home as a safe house in 1997. Healed Rubeus Hagrid's injuries after the Battle of the Seven Potters. Tortured by Death Eaters for information, but survived. Sister of Bellatrix Lestrange and Narcissa Malfoy. Mother of Nymphadora Tonks.|
|Augusta Longbottom||Was attacked by John Dawlish at her house, but defeated and greatly damaged him. Fought in the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998. Grandmother of Neville Longbottom.|
|Dobby †||Rescued Harry Potter, Ron Weasley, Hermione Granger, Luna Lovegood, Dean Thomas, Griphook, and Garrick Ollivander from Malfoy Manor; killed in action by Bellatrix Lestrange.|
|Filius Flitwick||Fought in the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998.|
|Ginny Weasley||Connected to the Order through her family, but underage so co-lead Dumbledore's Army in 1997/8. Fought in the; Battle of the Department of Mysteries (1996), Battle of the Astronomy Tower (1997), and Battle of Hogwarts (1998).|
|Horace Slughorn||Led reinforcements during, and fought in, the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998.|
|Kreacher||Initially despised the Order and undermined it by sharing information with Bellatrix Lestrange and Narcissa Malfoy, but later assisted Harry Potter in finding the location of the genuine version of Salazar Slytherin's Locket and led the house-elves' contingent during the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998.|
|Lee Jordan||Ran Potterwatch during the height of the war, communicating and broadcasting with various Order members; fought in the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998.|
|Luna Lovegood||Fought in the; Battle of the Department of Mysteries (1996), Battle of the Astronomy Tower (1997), and Battle of Hogwarts (1998).|
|Muriel||Allowed the Order to use her home as a safe house, and later hid the Weasley family after Ron Weasley's accompaniment of Harry Potter and Hermione Granger was discovered by the Death Eaters.|
Fought in the; Battle of the Department of Mysteries (1996), Battle of the Astronomy Tower (1997), and Battle of Hogwarts (1998). Slew Nagini, one of Voldemort's Horcruxes. Co-lead Dumbledore's Army in his 7th year.
|Oliver Wood||Fought in the Battle of Hogwarts, carried the bodies of Colin Creevey and others into the Great Hall during the battle.|
|Olympe Maxime||Accompanied Rubeus Hagrid on his mission to attempt to gain the allegiance of the Giants.|
|Percy Weasley||Originally loyal to the Ministry of Magic; defected. Fought in the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998.|
|Pomona Sprout||Fought in the Battle of Hogwarts in 1998.|
|Ted Tonks †||Allowed the Order to use his family's home as a safe house in 1997. Healed Harry Potter's injuries after the Battle of the Seven Potters. Killed by Snatchers in 1998.|
|Westinburgh family||On occasion provided shelter to members of the Order.|
|Winky||Participated in the Battle of Hogwarts.|
|Sybill Trelawney||First Order, Second Order||Informed Albus Dumbledore of the prophecy. Participated in the Battle of Hogwarts.|
|Dumbledore's Army||Second Order||Fought against Voldemort and his Death Eaters. They participated in numerous battles like the Battle of the Department of Mysteries, Battle of the Astronomy Tower, and the Battle of Hogwarts. Some members, like Ginny Weasley, Hermione Granger, Ronald Weasley, Neville Longbottom, Luna Lovegood, Harry Potter participated more actively and had a bigger role than others.|
The Order of the Phoenix is named for the magical bird. The Order's founder and original leader, Albus Dumbledore, had a phoenix named Fawkes for pet, and his Patronus also took the form of a phoenix. Fawkes gave two feathers to comprise the cores of the wands of Harry Potter and Lord Voldemort, key figures in the conflict between the Order and the Death Eaters. Fawkes also participated in the conflict at least twice: he came to Harry's aid against Slytherin's Basilisk, and later at the battle of the Department of Mysteries intercepted a Killing Curse Voldemort aimed at Dumbledore.
In mythology, the phoenix often represents resurrection and life after death. This could allude to how the Order of the Phoenix was reborn after Voldemort returned to power, and how Harry Potter survived two Killing Curses. The Order's name thus symbolises their opposition to an organisation focused on causing death and finding unnatural, Dark methods of achieving immortality.
Behind the scenes
- While not confirmed, it is likely that the surviving members of the Order got celebrity status of sorts, just like the members of the, as of 2014, 'legendary' Dumbledore's Army, considering their considerably greater contributions to fighting Lord Voldemort and his forces than the aforementioned DADA club.
- It's implied that as with the Death Eaters, there are more members that haven't been seen. Ron and Hermione inform Harry that they believe there to be more than the twenty-something members that they've met, and Moody tells Harry of a rear Advance Guard that was to take over if the initial group were to be attacked, although more or less every identified member of the Order save Sirius Black and the extended Weasely family were in it. Furthermore, there are a few unknown members seen in the photograph of the original Order in the Order of the Phoenix film. Still, their numbers are significantly fewer than those of the Death Eaters.
- In the film adaptation of the Battle of the Department of Mysteries, which differs significantly from the novel version, the Order of the Phoenix members Apparate into the Department of Mysteries and save the Dumbledore's Army members by Apparating directly into the area where the Death Eaters holding them at wand-point.
- Also in the films, Order members are shown as Apparating in clouds of white smoke, while the Death Eaters Apparate in clouds of black smoke. This may be a reference to the Death Eaters' use and corruption by Dark Magic, causing them to apparate in black smoke, as opposed to the white smoke of the Order members.
- Molly Weasley is not stated to have been a member of the original Order, despite her brothers being members. This is likely due to the fact that she gave birth to, and took care of, seven children during the course of the First Wizarding War.
- If the list of members of the Order of the Phoenix, above, is complete, then the mortality rate (including permanent incapacitation) of members, during the First and Second Wizarding Wars combined, rivals that of the Black Death in fourteenth-century Europe. About 44% of members died during the First Wizarding War, and 26% were killed by Death Eaters during the course of the Second Wizarding War. Horace Slughorn refers to this in Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince.
- Given the phoenix embossed on book, the Order of the Phoenix may actually go back to the fight against Gellert Grindelwald and the book may represent one of the other ways the Order had to communicate with one another.
- It may be that the Order of the Phoenix was inspired by the Fabian Society, where one of J.K. Rowling's professed favourite authors, Edith Nesbit, was a member. The argument is made more likely by the fact that several original members of the Order of the Phoenix seem to be named after members of the Fabian Society: Emmeline Vance for Emmeline Pankhurst, Fabian Prewett for the Fabian Society itself, Sturgis Podmore for Frank Podmore, and Kingsley Shacklebolt for Kingsley Martin. The Fabian Society's members were also closely associated with a magical association called the Order of the Golden Dawn.
- In J.K. Rowling's early plot outlines of Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (http://chandlermariecraig.files.wordpress.com/2010/10/rowling_outline2.gif) it seems that the titles of the Order of the Phoenix and Dumbledore's Army were swapped - the Order of the Phoenix being the group Harry, Ron and Hermione set up at Hogwarts, whilst Dumbledore's Army being Dumbledore's original army in the First Wizarding War.
- Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (First mentioned)
- Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (First appearance)
- Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (film)
- Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (video game)
- Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince
- Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (film)
- Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows
- Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 1
- Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 1 (video game) (Mentioned only)
- Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2
- Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2 (video game)
- LEGO Harry Potter: Years 5-7
- LEGO Harry Potter
- Wizarding World
- Harry Potter for Kinect
- Harry Potter: The Character Vault (Mentioned only)
- Harry Potter: The Creature Vault (Mentioned only)
- Harry Potter: Wizards Unite
Notes and references
- Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix
- Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows
- Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban
- Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire
- Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince
- Wizard of the Month
- Harry Potter: Wizards Unite (Brilliant Event: The Burrow Besieged)
- - (see video)
- (see here)
- (see here)
- (see here)
- (see here)
- (see here)
- (see here)
- (see here)
- (see here)
- (see here)
- (see here)
- Harry Potter: Wizards Unite (Registry: Mysteries - Chapter 1: The Foundable Spell - Grim Fawley's Journal)
- Pottermore Presents - Short Stories from Hogwarts of Heroism, Hardship and Dangerous Hobbies, Chapter 1 (Minerva McGonagall)
- An individual is an assumed member, rather than an ally, when he or she actively participated in an Order of the Phoenix operation, rather than assisting the Order more indirectly or as part of another organisation.
- Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone
- Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets
- Bill was born in 1970, which is approximately when the war began, and Ginny was born in 1981, two months before the end of the war.