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Petrified

Victims of Petrification turned to stone

"Dark Magic of the most advanced kind."
Albus Dumbledore regarding petrification[src]

Petrification is a malign magical state in which a living creature is rendered immobile and unresponsive, as if they had been turned to stone. It is a phenomenon of the most advanced Dark Magic,[1] affecting beasts, beings and even spirits such as ghosts.[2] Petrification can be inflicted by the Statue curse,[3] along with the gazes of the Gorgon[4] and the Basilisk.[5][6] In the case of the Basilisk, its gaze ordinarily kills living creatures,[5] but when seen indirectly, or by a ghost (who is already dead and cannot die again),[2] it causes petrification instead. Methods for wizards and witches to inflict petrification may also exist.

History

During the history of Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry, the Chamber of Secrets was opened twice, and in both cases the Serpent of Slytherin was released and attacked the Muggle-born student body. The first opening in 1943 resulted in the petrification of three Muggle-born students, and the death of one, Myrtle Warren.[7][5] The second opening in 1992 led to the petrification of students Colin Creevey,[8] Justin Finch-Fletchley,[2] Hermione Granger and Penelope Clearwater,[5] along with the cat Mrs Norris[1] and ghost Sir Nicholas de Mimsy-Porpington.[2]

Effects

Victims of petrification are completely paralysed and unresponsive. It may take careful examination to discern if a victim is petrified.[1] A petrified ghost will turn a dark smoky grey and can only be moved using air currents.[2] The Antidote to petrification is the Mandrake Restorative Draught, a highly potent Healing potion.[1]

Petrification should not be confused with the Full Body-Bind Curse or the Hardening Charm. The Full Body-Bind Curse is only temporary and can be lifted easily, while the Hardening Charm turns an object to literal stone. Gilderoy Lockhart once confused the effects of petrification with those of the Transmogrifian Torture;[1] however, the truth of his claims were extremely dubious.[5]

Known victims

Basilisk attacks

"The basilisk kills people by looking at them. But no one’s died — because no one looked it straight in the eye. Colin saw it through his camera. The basilisk burned up all the film inside it, but Colin just got Petrified. Justin... Justin must’ve seen the basilisk through Nearly Headless Nick! Nick got the full blast of it, but he couldn’t die again... and Hermione and that Ravenclaw prefect were found with a mirror next to them. Hermione had just realised the monster was a basilisk."
—The known victims of petrification[src]
Victim Circumstances
Mrs Norris Saw the basilisk's reflection in the water on the floor.[1]
Mrs Norris petrified
Colin Creevey Saw the basilisk through his camera; the basilisk's gaze also burned his camera's film to a crisp.[8]
Petrified Colin Creevey
Nicholas de Mimsy-Porpington Saw the basilisk directly, but as a ghost he could not die again, so thus was only petrified.[2]
Nick petrified
Justin Finch-Fletchley Saw the basilisk through the ghost of Sir Nicholas, who was transparent, did not see the basilisk directly.[2]
Justin petrified
Hermione Granger Saw the basilisk in Penelope's mirror, while near the Hogwarts Library.[5]
Petrified Hermione
Penelope Clearwater Saw the basilisk in her mirror, along with Hermione Granger.[5]
Petrified

Penelope is furthest on the left

Muggle-born students of Hogwarts (1943) During the incident of the first unleashing of the beast in 1943, three unnamed Muggle-born Hogwarts students were petrified.[7]

Statue curse

Victim Circumstances
Unidentified student Was found petrified in the Clock Tower Courtyard in 1989.[3]
Unidentified petrified student
Unidentified petrified Gryffindor girl Was found petrified in 1989.[9]
Unidentified petrified Gryffindor girl

Etymology

The Latin verb petrificare means "to make into stone", from the Latin word for "rock", petra.

Behind the scenes

  • It is unknown how Nearly Headless Nick was revived from being petrified, because, as a ghost, he presumably would not have been able to consume the antidote. (However, as petrified humans cannot consume potions either, being unconscious, perhaps the antidote is administered in a way that could also revive ghosts.)
  • In mythology, petrification is associated with Medusa the Gorgon and the cockatrice as well as the basilisk. In Cornish folklore, petrification legends explain the origin of prehistoric megalithic monuments, such as the Merry Maidens stone circle.[10]

Appearances

Notes and references

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Chapter 9 (The Writing on the Wall)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Chapter 11 (The Duelling Club)
  3. 3.0 3.1 Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, Year 6, Chapter 2 (Curses and Prophecies)
  4. Wonderbook: Book of Spells
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Chapter 16 (The Chamber of Secrets)
  6. Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them
  7. 7.0 7.1 Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Chapter 13 (The Very Secret Diary)
  8. 8.0 8.1 Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, Chapter 10 (The Rogue Bludger)
  9. Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, Year 6, Chapter 7 (Niffler Hunting)
  10. Wikipedia:Petrification in mythology and fiction
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