"She was a quite extraordinary witch, you know, but she did like to experiment and one of her spells went rather badly wrong one day."
Luna Lovegood regarding her mother's death, caused by her spell inventing[src]

Spell creation is the highly dangerous and mysterious art of creating new spells.


Only witches and wizards with great understanding of and skill on magic are known to be able to invent spells. It is unknown what the exact process is to creating spells other than crafting the wand movement and the incantation. What is known is that it is a very difficult, even dangerous process. If something goes wrong the results can prove fatal; an example of this is Pandora Lovegood's experimentation.[1]

Known spell inventors and their creations

"You dare use my own spells against me, Potter? It was I who invented them — I, the Half-Blood Prince!"
— Severus Snape regarding his achievements in spell creation to Harry Potter[src]
Name of Crafter Spells Created Notes

Herpo the Foul

Curses described as 'vile'. Created in Ancient Greece. Also the first person to successfully create a Horcrux.[2][3]

Merwyn the Malicious

Many jinxes and hexes

Spells described as 'unpleasant'; Created in the Middle Ages.[2][3]

Delfina Crimp

Severing Charm

Delfina Crimp was a London clothier in the 15th century; she invented the Severing Charm to help her to accurately cut fabric.[4]

Felix Summerbee

Cheering Charm

Invented between 1447 and 1508.[2][3]

Jarleth Hobart

Levitation Charm

Invented in 1544, first used on self to ill effect.[4]

Mnemone Radford

Memory-Modifying Charms

Created between 1562 and 1649.[5]

Ancient African sorcerer

Unlocking Charm

Taught to Eldon Elsrickle, who used it to rob the houses of London, in the early 1600s.[4]

Urquhart Rackharrow

Entrail-Expelling Curse

Invented between 1612 - 1697.[6]

Daisy Pennifold

Slowing Charm

Shortly after the change in colour of the Quaffle in spring of 1711, Daisy Pennifold had the idea to enchant the Quaffle so Chasers wouldn't have to dive for it; rather, it would fall slowly and they could catch it in mid-air.[7]

Orabella Nuttley

Mending Charm

First used in 1754 after a riot after a broom race left the Coliseum in ruins.[4]

Levina Monkstanley

First used to illuminate a corner in which she had dropped a quill in the Department of Mysteries; Invented in 1772.[4]

Elliot Smethwyck

Cushioning Charm

Used to make broomsticks more comfortable, in 1820.[8]

Basil Horton
Randolph Keitch

Horton-Keitch Braking Charm

Invented (c. 1929) with his partner Randolph Keitch.[8]

Miranda Goshawk

Bat-Bogey Hex

Invented c. 1930s. As the youngest child in a large family, Miranda Goshawk often found it difficult to make herself heard, and developed this hex to give her sisters a piece of her mind: she cast it on her sister Diadema, so that she returned clothes she borrowed without permission; on her sister Romilda to keep her out of her room; on her sister Tangwystl when she wanted to keep her quiet so she could finish her homework.[4]

Albus Dumbledore

Communication using Patronus Charms

Utilised during the Second Wizarding War. Invented by Albus Dumbledore using his own original designs.[9]

Tom Riddle

Used as the sign of the Death Eaters. Created during, or shortly prior to, the First Wizarding War.[10]

Voldemort stated that a few spells of his own invention were used in the process of creating a rudimentary body.[11]

Severus Snape

All spells recorded in his copy of Advanced Potion Making were also crafted by him. Created between 1976 and 1978.[12][13][14]

Gilderoy Lockhart

Holographic spell

Invented this vainglorious spell, sometime between 1975 and 1982, during his time as a Ravenclaw student at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry, to shoot a glowing, holographic image of his own face into the sky, similar to the Dark Mark.[15]

Badeea Ali and Jacob's sibling

Star Shower Spell

Created the Star Shower Spell with help from Charlie Weasley and Severus Snape in the 1988–1989 school year.[16]

Badeea Ali and Ben Copper

Flipendo Maxima

A stronger version of the Knockback Jinx invented in the 1989–1990 school year.[17]

William Weasley

Modified cursed barrier

Invented a modified version of the Cursed barrier, which prevented any Death Eaters bearing the Dark Mark from entering a vicinity.[18]

Behind the scenes


Notes and references

  1. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 38 (The Second War Begins)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (video game)
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (video game)
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 Wonderbook: Book of Spells
  5. J. K. Rowling's official site
  6. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 23 (Christmas on the Closed Ward)
  7. Quidditch Through the Ages, Chapter 6 (Changes in Quidditch since the Fourteenth Century)
  8. 8.0 8.1 Quidditch Through the Ages, Chapter 9 (The Development of the Racing Broom)
  9. JKR Official Site (Text only, accessed 8 February, 2012 via the Wayback Web Archive)
  10. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 9 (The Dark Mark)
  11. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 33 (The Death Eaters)
  12. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 9 (The Half-Blood Prince)
  13. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 12 (Silver and Opals)
  14. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 28 (Flight of the Prince)
  15. Writing by J.K. Rowling: "Gilderoy Lockhart" at Wizarding World
  16. Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, Year 5, Chapter 23 (Mischief Masterpiece)
  17. Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, Year 6, Chapter 18 (Into the Forest)
  18. Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, Year 6, Chapter 5 (Wherefore Art Thou, Weasleys?)
  19. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 35 (Beyond the Veil)
  20. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 31 (The Third Task)
  21. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 27 (The Centaur and the Sneak)
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