Spell creation is the highly dangerous and mysterious art of creating new spells.[1] Only witches and wizards with great understanding of and skill on magic are known to be able to invent spells. It is unknown what the exact process is to creating spells other than crafting the wand movement and the incantation. What is known is that it is a very difficult, even dangerous process. If something goes wrong the results could prove fatal; an example of this is Pandora Lovegood's experimentation.[2]

Known spell inventors and their creations

Name of Crafter Spells Created Notes

Herpo the Foul

Curses described as 'vile'. Created in Ancient Greece. Also the first person to successfully create a Horcrux.[3][4]

Merwyn the Malicious

Many jinxes and hexes

Spells described as 'unpleasant'; Created in the Middle Ages.[3][4]

Delfina Crimp

Severing Charm

Delfina Crimp was a London clothier in the 15th century; she invented the Severing Charm to help her to accurately cut fabric.[5]

Felix Summerbee

Cheering Charm

Invented between 1447 and 1508.

Jarleth Hobart

Levitation Charm

Invented in 1544, first used on self to ill effect.

Mnemone Radford

Memory-Modifying Charms

Created between 1562 and 1649.

Ancient African sorcerer

Unlocking Charm

Taught to Eldon Elsrickle, who used it to rob the houses of London, in the early 1600s.[5]

Urquhart Rackharrow

Entrail-Expelling Curse

Invented between 1612 - 1697.

Daisy Pennifold

Slowing Charm

Shortly after the change in colour of the Quaffle in spring of 1711, Daisy Pennifold had the idea to enchant the Quaffle so Chasers wouldn't have to dive for it; rather, it would fall slowly and they could catch it in mid-air.[6]

Orabella Nuttley

Mending Charm

First used in 1754 after a riot after a broom race left the Coliseum in ruins.[5]

Levina Monkstanley

Wand-Lighting Charm

First used to illuminate a corner in which she had dropped a quill; Invented in 1772.[5]

Elliot Smethwyck

Cushioning Charm

Used to make broomsticks more comfortable, in 1820.

Basil Horton
Randolph Keitch

Horton-Keitch Braking Charm

Invented (c. 1929) with his partner Randolph Keitch.[7]

Miranda Goshawk

Bat-Bogey Hex

Invented c. 1930s. As the youngest child in a large family, Miranda Goshawk often found it difficult to make herself heard, and developed this hex to give her sisters a piece of her mind: she cast it on her sister Diadema, so that she returned clothes she borrowed without permission; on her sister Romilda to keep her out of her room; on her sister Tangwystl when she wanted to keep her quiet so she could finish her homework.[5]

Albus Dumbledore

Utilised during the Second Wizarding War. Invented by Albus Dumbledore using his own original designs.

Tom Riddle

Used as the sign of the Death Eaters. Created during, or shortly prior to, the First Wizarding War.[8]

Severus Snape

All spells recorded in his copy of Advanced Potion Making were also crafted by him. Created between 1976 and 1978.[9][10]

Badeea Ali

Star Shower Spell

Created the Star Shower Spell with help from Jacob's sibling, Charlie Weasley and Severus Snape in the 1988–1989 school year.[11]

Fred and George Weasley

Patented Daydream Charms

Invented between 1994 - 1995.[12]

Behind the scenes

  • It is possible that Gilderoy Lockhart was a spell inventor, as he seemed to make several spells (Deboning, Peskipiksi Pesternomi, etc.) up on the spot. This would explain why he didn't expect them to work the way they did all of them producing the correct effect (etymologically speaking) bar Peskipiksi Pesternomi.
    • However, it seems more likely that these spells are also stolen from other wizards/witches, adding to their inefficacy in his hands.
  • It is possible that Antonin Dolohov invented his signature curse as he is the only Death Eater shown using it and demonstrates a certain pride when he successfully uses it against Hermione.
  • It is possible that Hermione Granger invented the Four-Point Spell, as she particularly searched it for Harry Potter (who is the only person who used it) and the incantation is English.
    • It is also likely that she invented the Dumbledore's Army parchment jinx, given the apparent lack of a counter-jinx or cure apart from the boils fading on their own, as well as being specifically stated to identify traitors from the army.


Notes and references

  1. Pandora Lovegood, as one of her spells went wrong and killed her. From Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (film & book)
  2. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 38 (The Second War Begins)
  3. 3.0 3.1 Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (video game)
  4. 4.0 4.1 Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (video game)
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 Wonderbook: Book of Spells
  6. Quidditch Through the Ages, Chapter 6 (Changes in Quidditch since the Fourteenth Century)
  7. Quidditch Through the Ages, Chapter 9 (The Development of the Racing Broom)
  8. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 9 (The Dark Mark)
  9. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 9 (The Half-Blood Prince)
  10. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 12 (Silver and Opals)
  11. Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery
  12. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 6 (Draco's Detour)
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