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The '''Stunning Spell '''(''Stupefy''), also known as a '''Stunner''' or '''Stupefying Charm'''<ref name="FBAWTFT">''[[Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them (real)]]''</ref> is a [[charm]]<ref name="charm">[http://www.jkrowling.com/textonly/en/extrastuff_view.cfm?id=24 JK's official site (text only), accessed 28/7/2011]</ref> that renders a victim unconscious and halts moving objects.<ref name="PM"/>
 
The '''Stunning Spell '''(''Stupefy''), also known as a '''Stunner''' or '''Stupefying Charm'''<ref name="FBAWTFT">''[[Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them (real)]]''</ref> is a [[charm]]<ref name="charm">[http://www.jkrowling.com/textonly/en/extrastuff_view.cfm?id=24 JK's official site (text only), accessed 28/7/2011]</ref> that renders a victim unconscious and halts moving objects.<ref name="PM"/>
   
This spell is also commonly used in [[Duelling|duels]]; it is quite useful if one's opponent is unconscious and unable to continue the duel, and is a guaranteed victory for the caster. However, many [[Dark Wizard]]s who are not afraid to kill (including [[Death Eaters]], and especially [[Tom Riddle|Voldemort]] himself) will often prefer to go straight to the [[Killing Curse]], since it is equally quick to cast, cannot be blocked, and results in instant death anyway, saving the duellist the task of finishing off a stunned enemy.
+
This spell is also commonly used in [[Duelling|duels]]; it is quite useful if one's opponent is unconscious and unable to continue the duel, and is a guaranteed victory for the caster. However, many [[Dark Wizard]]s who are not afraid to kill (including [[Death Eaters]], and especially [[Tom Riddle|Voldemort]] himself) will often prefer to go straight to the [[Killing Curse]], since it is equally quick to cast (if you are willing and hateful enough), cannot be blocked, and results in instant death anyway, saving the duelist the task of finishing off a stunned enemy.
   
 
==History==
 
==History==
It is unknown who invented the spell, and when. In 1995, Harry Potter learned this spell in preparation for the third task of the [[Triwizard Tournament]]. He practised it on [[Ronald Weasley|Ron Weasley]]. Harry also taught this spell to [[Dumbledore's Army]] during the [[1995-1996 school year]], during one of the meetings.<ref name="OotP">{{OOTP}}</ref> The spell was used numerous times during the [[Battle of the Department of Mysteries]], by both the D.A. and the Order of the Phoenix; it was also used during many other battles of the [[Second Wizarding War]], such as the [[Battle of the Astronomy Tower]], the [[Battle of the Seven Potters]], the [[Skirmish at Malfoy Manor]], the [[1998 Break-In of Gringotts Wizarding Bank|1998 Break-in of Gringotts Wizarding Bank]], and the [[Battle of Hogwarts]].
+
It is unknown who invented the spell, and when. In 1995, Harry Potter learned this spell in preparation for the third task of the [[Triwizard Tournament]]. He practised it on [[Ronald Weasley|Ron Weasley]] who complained about it not being easy to aim where you fall when you are stunned. Harry also taught this spell to [[Dumbledore's Army]] during the [[1995-1996 school year]], during one of the meetings.<ref name="OotP">{{OOTP}}</ref> The spell was used numerous times during the [[Battle of the Department of Mysteries]], by both the D.A. and the Order of the Phoenix; it was also used during many other battles of the [[Second Wizarding War]], such as the [[Battle of the Astronomy Tower]], the [[Battle of the Seven Potters]], the [[Skirmish at Malfoy Manor]], the [[1998 Break-In of Gringotts Wizarding Bank|1998 Break-in of Gringotts Wizarding Bank]], and the [[Battle of Hogwarts]].
   
It may be assumed that this spell was also used frequently during the [[First Wizarding War]] as well, by the wizarding community at large.
+
It may be assumed that this spell was also used frequently during the [[First Wizarding War]] as well, by the wizarding community at large.
   
 
==Effect==
 
==Effect==
If this spell is used by multiple wizards aiming at the same target, the damage it causes is increased; for example, [[Minerva McGonagall|Professor McGonagall]] had to be moved to [[St Mungo's Hospital for Magical Maladies and Injuries|St Mungo's]] after being hit with the spell by multiple [[British Ministry of Magic|Ministry of Magic]] employees in [[1996]], and [[Poppy Pomfrey|Madam Pomfrey]] expressed surprise that it did not kill her. [[Dragon]]s are able to shrug off a single Stunning Spell, but if multiple Stunning Spells are aimed at a dragon, they will work.<ref name="GOF">''[[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire]]''</ref><ref name="OTP">''[[Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix]]''</ref> It manifests itself as a jet of scarlet light.
+
If this spell is used by multiple wizards aiming at the same target, the damage it causes is increased; for example, [[Minerva McGonagall|Professor McGonagall]] had to be moved to [[St Mungo's Hospital for Magical Maladies and Injuries|St Mungo's]] after being hit with the spell by multiple [[British Ministry of Magic|Ministry of Magic]] employees in [[1996]], and [[Poppy Pomfrey|Madam Pomfrey]] expressed surprise that it did not kill her. [[Dragon]]s are able to shrug off a single Stunning Spell, but if multiple Stunning Spells are aimed at a dragon, they should work.<ref name="GOF">''[[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire]]''</ref><ref name="OTP">''[[Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix]]''</ref> It manifests itself as a jet of scarlet light.
   
 
==Defence ==
 
==Defence ==
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*In ''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows]]'', Hermione attempts to use a Stunning Spell on one of the enemy [[giant]]s, but is prevented from doing so by Ron as it would "crush half the [[Hogwarts Castle|castle]]." However, it was Hermione herself who pointed out in ''[[Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix]]'' that Stunning Spells are almost completely ineffective against Giants, even when cast by multiple wizards.
 
*In ''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows]]'', Hermione attempts to use a Stunning Spell on one of the enemy [[giant]]s, but is prevented from doing so by Ron as it would "crush half the [[Hogwarts Castle|castle]]." However, it was Hermione herself who pointed out in ''[[Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix]]'' that Stunning Spells are almost completely ineffective against Giants, even when cast by multiple wizards.
 
*In ''[[LEGO Harry Potter: Years 1-4]]'', it can be bought at [[Wiseacre's Wizarding Equipment]] in [[Diagon Alley|Diagon Alley.]]
 
*In ''[[LEGO Harry Potter: Years 1-4]]'', it can be bought at [[Wiseacre's Wizarding Equipment]] in [[Diagon Alley|Diagon Alley.]]
*[[Flavius Belby]] tried to use this spell against a [[lethifold]], however it had no effect as lethifolds can only be repelled by the [[Patronus Charm]].
+
*[[Flavius Belby]] tried to use this spell against a [[lethifold]], however it had no effect as lethifolds can only be repelled by the [[Patronus Charm]] like with Dementors.
 
*In ''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2]]'', [[Hermione]] casts Stupefy at [[Blaise Zabini|Blaise]] in the [[Room of Requirement]] instead of [[Gregory Goyle]]. This is due to Crabbe's part being replaced by Blaise and thus is Goyle is the one to conjure the [[Fiendfyre]].
 
*In ''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2]]'', [[Hermione]] casts Stupefy at [[Blaise Zabini|Blaise]] in the [[Room of Requirement]] instead of [[Gregory Goyle]]. This is due to Crabbe's part being replaced by Blaise and thus is Goyle is the one to conjure the [[Fiendfyre]].
 
*It has been implied that Dobby does this to Wormtail in ''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 1]]''. However, when Harry does this to Umbridge and Mafalda, they are instantly knocked out, while Wormtail stands for a few seconds, says "Ow" (hinting that the spell was quite painful) and collapses. This, as well as his unintended non-reappearance in ''Part 2'', suggests that he may be dead, or that Dobby used a different spell to knock him out.
 
*It has been implied that Dobby does this to Wormtail in ''[[Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 1]]''. However, when Harry does this to Umbridge and Mafalda, they are instantly knocked out, while Wormtail stands for a few seconds, says "Ow" (hinting that the spell was quite painful) and collapses. This, as well as his unintended non-reappearance in ''Part 2'', suggests that he may be dead, or that Dobby used a different spell to knock him out.
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==Appearances==
 
==Appearances==
 
[[File:32421243294964.jpg|thumb|201px|Harry casts ''Stupefy'' in the Duelling Club.]]
 
[[File:32421243294964.jpg|thumb|201px|Harry casts ''Stupefy'' in the Duelling Club.]]
[[File:Auror_stupefy.JPG|thumb|203px|[[Aurors]] casting Stupefy]]
+
[[File:Auror_stupefy.JPG|thumb|203px|[[Aurors]] casting ''Stupefy'']]
 
[[File:Dumbledore_stupefy.png|thumb|240px|Albus Dumbledore using the Stunning Spell against Voldemort]]
 
[[File:Dumbledore_stupefy.png|thumb|240px|Albus Dumbledore using the Stunning Spell against Voldemort]]
[[File:Arthur Weasley casting unknown spell.jpg|thumb|203px|Arthur Weasley using the Stunning Spell against Death Eater]]
+
[[File:Arthur Weasley casting unknown spell.jpg|thumb|203px|Arthur Weasley using the Stunning Spell against a Death Eater]]
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire]]'' {{1st}}
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire]]'' {{1st}}
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (film)]]''
 
*''[[Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (film)]]''

Revision as of 19:24, November 23, 2015

"Stunning is one of the most useful spells in your arsenal. It's sort of a wizard's bread and butter, really."
Harry Potter[src]

The Stunning Spell (Stupefy), also known as a Stunner or Stupefying Charm[3] is a charm[1] that renders a victim unconscious and halts moving objects.[2]

This spell is also commonly used in duels; it is quite useful if one's opponent is unconscious and unable to continue the duel, and is a guaranteed victory for the caster. However, many Dark Wizards who are not afraid to kill (including Death Eaters, and especially Voldemort himself) will often prefer to go straight to the Killing Curse, since it is equally quick to cast (if you are willing and hateful enough), cannot be blocked, and results in instant death anyway, saving the duelist the task of finishing off a stunned enemy.

History

It is unknown who invented the spell, and when. In 1995, Harry Potter learned this spell in preparation for the third task of the Triwizard Tournament. He practised it on Ron Weasley who complained about it not being easy to aim where you fall when you are stunned. Harry also taught this spell to Dumbledore's Army during the 1995-1996 school year, during one of the meetings.[4] The spell was used numerous times during the Battle of the Department of Mysteries, by both the D.A. and the Order of the Phoenix; it was also used during many other battles of the Second Wizarding War, such as the Battle of the Astronomy Tower, the Battle of the Seven Potters, the Skirmish at Malfoy Manor, the 1998 Break-in of Gringotts Wizarding Bank, and the Battle of Hogwarts.

It may be assumed that this spell was also used frequently during the First Wizarding War as well, by the wizarding community at large.

Effect

If this spell is used by multiple wizards aiming at the same target, the damage it causes is increased; for example, Professor McGonagall had to be moved to St Mungo's after being hit with the spell by multiple Ministry of Magic employees in 1996, and Madam Pomfrey expressed surprise that it did not kill her. Dragons are able to shrug off a single Stunning Spell, but if multiple Stunning Spells are aimed at a dragon, they should work.[5][6] It manifests itself as a jet of scarlet light.

Defence

Stupefy block

Shield Charm, defence against the Stunning Spell

The effects of a Stunning Spell may be counteracted by Rennervate, but will also wear off with time. It can also be deflected by a Shield Charm. Species known to be naturally resistant to the spell include dragons, trolls, giants and half-giants. Rubeus Hagrid was unaffected by this spell when, in 1996, several Ministry of Magic employees attempted to remove him from Hogwarts grounds.

It is also possible to bewitch objects to be resistant to the spell. Fred and George Weasley bewitched their fireworks to explode when hit by Stunning Spells.[6]

Known uses

Caster(s) Victim(s) Note
Peter Pettigrew Ron Weasley Cast non-verbally with the wand of Remus Lupin, in order to make his escape.[7]
Crookshanks
Twenty Ministry of Magic employees Winky During the chaos after Morsmordre was cast following the 1994 Quidditch World Cup.[5]
Barty Crouch Jr.
8-30 of Charlie Weasley's colleagues Hungarian Horntail (and possibly three other First Task dragons) Multiple wizards had to cast the spell at the same time for it to work.[5]
Harry Potter Ron Weasley Used numerous times on during practice for the Third Task of the Triwizard Tournament.[5]
Viktor Krum During the Third Task of the Triwizard Tournament to save Cedric Diggory from the Cruciatus Curse Krum was casting under the influence of the Imperius Curse.[5]
Unknown Death Eater During the Battle of the Seven Potters.[8]
Thorfinn Rowle During a skirmish at the Luchino Caffe in 1997.[8]
A Muggle waitress While aiming for Antonin Dolohov during a skirmish at Tottenham Court Road.[8]
Dolores Umbridge and Yaxley While infiltrating the Ministry.[8]
Lucius Malfoy During the Battle of Malfoy Manor.[8]
Fenrir Greyback During the Battle of Malfoy Manor, using three wands at once.[8]
Barty Crouch Jr (in disguise as Alastor Moody) Fleur Delacour Used discretely during the Third Task of the Triwizard Tournament in an effort to ensure that Harry won.[5]
Albus Dumbledore Bartemius Crouch Jr. After Harry's return from the Little Hangleton graveyard, Dumbledore used the spell to subdue the disguised Bartemius Crouch Jr. after he had attempted to attack Harry[5]
Molly Weasley Portraits at 12 Grimmauld Place After Tonks knocked over an umbrella stand and the portrait of Sirius Black's mother started shouting, Molly abandoned an attempt to close its curtains and began shooting Stunning Spells at other shouting portraits to shut them up.[9]
Dolores Umbridge Weasleys' Wildfire Whiz-bangs firework At the start of Umbridge's reign as Headmistress at Hogwarts, she attempted to stun the Weasley twins fireworks in order to prevent them from spreading around the school[6]
Five Ministry of Magic employees Minerva McGonagall The Ministry employees were trying to remove Rubeus Hagrid from Hogwarts, but attacked McGonagall when she offered him protection.[6] The concentrated effects were devastating enough to have her hospitalized, and was considered a miracle that she did not die.
Nigel Wolpert Harry Potter Used in the Room of Requirement during a D.A. practice.[10]
Hermione Granger Nott During the Battle of the Department of Mysteries in defence of Harry Potter.[6]
Mafalda Hopkirk As part of the Infiltration of the Ministry of Magic in 1997.[8]
Gregory Goyle During a skirmish in the Room of Requirement during the Battle of Hogwarts.[8]
Harry Potter Crabbe Sr. & Rabastan Lestrange During the Battle of the Department of Mysteries.[6]
Hermione Granger
Unknown Death Eater Ginny Weasley
Luna Lovegood
Tonks Unknown Death Eaters During the Battle of the Seven Potters.[8]
Ron Weasley
Xenophilius Lovegood Harry Potter, Ronald Weasley and Hermione Granger (attempted) As Death Eaters were arriving at his house, it hit his Erumpent horn instead, causing a colossal explosion.[8]
Bellatrix Lestrange Scabior and three other Snatchers After they defied her authority at Malfoy Manor.[8]
Ron Weasley (supposedly, as Dragomir Despard) A beggar The beggar lunged at Hermione while she was disguised as Bellatrix Lestrange with Polyjuice Potion.[8]
Harry Potter Various Goblins at Gringotts During their escape from the bank after robbing it in 1998.[8]
Hermione Granger
Ron Weasley
Luna Lovegood Alecto Carrow While searching for information on Rowena Ravenclaw's Diadem with Harry Potter during the Battle of Hogwarts.[8]
Fred Weasley Unknown Death Eaters During the Battle of Hogwarts.[8]
Dean Thomas
Parvati Patil Travers
Aberforth Dumbledore Augustus Rookwood During the Battle of Hogwarts

Etymology

"Stupefy" comes from the English stupefy, which means "to stun" or "to amaze". It may also come from the Latin stupere, meaning "to be stunned".

Behind the scenes

Potter spells h4

The DA using the Stunning Spell against Death Eaters in the Ministry of Magic.

  • Another variation of the spell is Stupefy Duo.
  • The Stunning Spell has been identified as a jet, a flash or a burst of red, blue, white or green light in the film adaptions.
  • In the books, it is described as a "jet of red light," and appears as such at the beginning of the film adaptation of Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, when Ministry of Magic Officials apparate near the trio and attempt to stun them after the destruction of the Quidditch World Cup fair grounds. However, from the film adaptation of Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix on, it is shown as blue light that often just knocks people off their feet.
  • Harry counters unidentified green curses cast by Death Eaters with the Stunning Spell, causing the spells to collide and explode in midair. If these green curses were Killing Curses, then this would indicate that Killing Curse can be parried if it collides with another spell.
  • In the video game adaptation of Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Stupefy is shown as a ball of red light, but when cast by opponents, it is green, like the Killing Curse. Also at the end after Harry defeats Bellatrix Lestrange outside Hagrid's hut he casts Stupefy but instead of the red light it came out as a green ball of light.
DH1 Yaxley hit by stunning spell

Yaxley being hit by the Stunning Spell.

  • In Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Hermione attempts to use a Stunning Spell on one of the enemy giants, but is prevented from doing so by Ron as it would "crush half the castle." However, it was Hermione herself who pointed out in Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix that Stunning Spells are almost completely ineffective against Giants, even when cast by multiple wizards.
  • In LEGO Harry Potter: Years 1-4, it can be bought at Wiseacre's Wizarding Equipment in Diagon Alley.
  • Flavius Belby tried to use this spell against a lethifold, however it had no effect as lethifolds can only be repelled by the Patronus Charm like with Dementors.
  • In Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 2, Hermione casts Stupefy at Blaise in the Room of Requirement instead of Gregory Goyle. This is due to Crabbe's part being replaced by Blaise and thus is Goyle is the one to conjure the Fiendfyre.
  • It has been implied that Dobby does this to Wormtail in Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 1. However, when Harry does this to Umbridge and Mafalda, they are instantly knocked out, while Wormtail stands for a few seconds, says "Ow" (hinting that the spell was quite painful) and collapses. This, as well as his unintended non-reappearance in Part 2, suggests that he may be dead, or that Dobby used a different spell to knock him out.
  • Also in Deathly Hallows: Part 1, When Ron (disguised as Reginald Cattermole) hits Yaxley with a non-verbal Stunning Spell, it seems to strike his chest rather hard, causing him to groan in pain and leaving him incapacitated for several minutes before he catches up with the trio and attempts to stop their escape.
  • In Deathly Hallows: Part 2, Voldemort casts Stupefy at Neville Longbottom out of anger, after Harry Potter seemingly came back to life. Neville was blown backward into the Great Hall, and remained unconscious until he woke to slay Nagini.
  • In Harry Potter for Kinect Harry and Voldemort can use this spell against each other in the final battle during Voldemort's Last Stand as they engage in a normal duel.

Stupefy in different languages

Language Incantation
Bulgarian (Български) Вцепени се (literally - "be numb")
Lithuanian Sustink
Catalan Animo Linqui
Croatian Omami
German Stupor
Dutch Paralitis
Hungarian Stupor
Icelandic Rænulaus
Italian Stupeficium
Spanish Desmaius / Desmaio
Swedish Lamslå
Finnish Tainnutu
Danish Lammer (Stunner)
French Stupéfix
Romanian Stupefy
Norwegian Lamstivosløvus
Polish Drętwota
Greek Αποχαυνώσιους - (Apochavnosius)
Hebrew שתק
Hindi जर्व्तम (Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (film) and Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 1) or बिसमित भव (Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (film))
Turkish Sersemlet
Estonian Juhmista
Portuguese (Portugal) Atordoar/Stupefy (Books); Estupidificar (VideoGames)
Portuguese (Brasil) Estupefaça; Estupore (in the movie of Goblet of Fire)
Serbian Ošamuti
Thai สตูเปฟาย
Russian Окаменей (in Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire); Остолбеней (in later books)
Ukrainian Закляктус
Czech Mdloby na tebe!
Slovak Nehýb sa!
Slovenian Hromi!
Vietnamese Điểm huyệt!
Japanese Suchu-pifai! 「麻痺せよ!」, pronounced "Mahi seyo!!" literally means, "Be paralysed!" in Japanese.

Appearances

File:32421243294964.jpg
Auror stupefy

Aurors casting Stupefy

Dumbledore stupefy

Albus Dumbledore using the Stunning Spell against Voldemort

Arthur Weasley casting unknown spell

Arthur Weasley using the Stunning Spell against a Death Eater

Notes and references


Defence Against the Dark Arts (D.A.D.A.)
Subjectsdada
D.A.D.A. at Hogwarts
Classroom 3C · Temporary Classroom · Hogwarts Turris Magnus · Teacher's Office · Storeroom · Staircase · Lesson Cup · Race Cup · Dumbledore's Army
Professors
Arsenius Jigger · Albus Dumbledore · Galatea Merrythought · Patricia Rakepick · Quirinus Quirrell · Gilderoy Lockhart · Remus Lupin · Bartemius Crouch Junior (as Alastor Moody) · Dolores Umbridge · Severus Snape · Amycus Carrow (as Dark Arts teacher)
Textbooks
The Dark Forces: A Guide to Self-Protection · Break with a Banshee · Gadding with Ghouls · Holidays with Hags · Travels with Trolls · Voyages with Vampires · Wanderings with Werewolves · Year with the Yeti · The Essential Defence Against the Dark Arts · Defensive Magical Theory · Dark Arts Defence: Basics for Beginners · Confronting the Faceless · Magical Drafts and Potions
Spells studied at Hogwarts under D.A.D.A.
Aqua Eructo Charm · Boggart-Banishing Spell · Counter-curses · Counter-jinxes · Counter-spells · Curse of the Bogies · Defensive Charms · Densaugeo · Deprimo · Disarming Charm · Everte Statum · Freezing Spell · Full Body-Bind Curse · Fumos Duo · Green Sparks · Hex-Breaker· Hex-deflection · Hex Zapper · Homorphus Charm · Human-presence-revealing Spell · Impediment Jinx · Knockback Jinx · Lacarnum Inflamari · Nonverbal spells · Patronus Charm · Red Sparks · Reductor Curse · Salvio hexia · Seize and Pull Charm · Shield Charm · Smokescreen Spell · Snake-Vanishing Spell · Stunning Spell · Tickling Charm · Tongue-Tying Curse · Trip Jinx · Verdimillious Charm · Verdimillious Duo Spell · Verdimillious Tria · Wand-Lighting Charm · Cruciatus Curse · Imperius Curse · Killing Curse
Creatures studied at Hogwarts under D.A.D.A.
Banshee · Boggart · Cornish Pixie · Dementor · Erkling · Ghost · Ghoul · Grindylow · Gytrash · Hag · Hinkypunk · Iguana · Imp · Inferius · Kappa · Nocturnal beasts · Red Cap · Snake · Troll · Vampire · Vampire bat · Werewolf · Yeti · Zombie
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