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"And then he heard it, speeding through the air behind him; he turned and saw his Firebolt hurtling towards him around the edge of the woods, soaring into the enclosure, and stopping dead in mid-air beside him, waiting for him to mount."
—The Firebolt, under influence of this spell[src]

The Summoning Charm (Accio) is a charm that summons an object towards the caster. It is able to summon objects in direct line of sight of the caster, as well as things out of view, by calling the object aloud after the incantation (unless the spell is cast nonverbally). This spell needs thought behind it, and the object must be clear in the casters mind before trying to summon it. The opposite of the Summoning Charm is the Banishing Charm.[2]

History

The Summoning Charm is one of the oldest known to wizarding society.[3] This spell's most famous use was, according to Miranda Goshawk, by the Accionites and their leader, Gideon Flatworthy.[3]

In the traditional wizarding tale "The Wizard and the Hopping Pot" from The Tales of Beedle the Bard , the son of the titular pot's original owner Summoned a lost donkey belonging to one of his fellow villagers.[4]

This spell is taught to fourth years at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry in Charms class and is revised again in a students fifth in preparation for O.W.L.s. This spell is located in The Standard Book of Spells, Grade 4 by Miranda Goshawk.

Casting and effects

The Summoning Charm can not be used on buildings.[3] In addition, it will not work on living things, although they may be moved indirectly by summoning things they are wearing or holding. It is risky to summon them in this manner, because they travel at close to the speed of light and may be injured in the process.[5][6] The only known exception to this rule are Flobberworms, which are generally not considered worth summoning.[3]

The further the desired object is from the caster, the harder it is to summon. Hermione Granger, however, stated that it did not matter how far away the object was — so long as the caster had it clearly in mind, they should be able to summon it with ease.[7]

There exist counter-spells that could be placed on objects to keep them from being summoned.[8][9] Most wizarding goods sold as of the 20th century and early 21st century came pre-enchanted with an Anti-theft charm to keep them from being summoned by anyone but their rightful owners.[3]

Known uses

Successful

" Accio! Accio! Accio! she shouted, and toffees zoomed from all sorts of unlikely places, including the lining of George’s jacket..."
—Molly Weasley uses this spell on the twins[src]
Caster(s) Dates Notes
Modesty Rabnott 1269 Summoned a Golden Snidget to herself in a Quidditch game, in order to rescue it from harm.[10]
Newt Scamander 6 December, 1926 Used it nonverbally to summon an Occamy egg held in Jacob Kowalski's hand, which also caused Jacob to be summoned along with it.[11]
NewtAccio1
Used it to summon jewellery stolen by his Niffler from inside its pouch to pull it towards him.[11]
NewtAccio2
September, 1927 Used it to summon his Niffler
NewtAccio3
Used it to summon his suitcase from the ground while riding a Zouwu.[12]
NewtAccio4
Tina Goldstein 7 December, 1926 Used it to summon Percival Graves' wand, shortly before he was revealed to be Gellert Grindelwald transfigured.[11]
Leta Lestrange September, 1927 Used it to summon the Lestrange family tree in the Lestrange Mausoleum.[12]
Gellert Grindelwald (under disguise of Percival Graves) 6 December, 1926 Used it nonverbally and wandlessly to summon the Newt Scamander's suitcase in the MACUSA Headquarters.[11]
Filius Flitwick June, 1976 Used it to summon over a hundred rolls of parchment during O.W.L.s exam, in cause parchments knocked him backwards of his feet.[13]
Molly Weasley August, 1994 Used it several to summon many different magical sweets Fred and George Weasley were trying to sneak out of the house to the 422nd Quidditch World Cup.[14]
Hermione Granger 23-24 November, 1994 Used it to teach the charm to Harry Potter, who later used it in the First Task of the Triwizard Tournament.[7]
18 June, 1996 Used it during the Battle of the Department of Mysteries to summon Harry Potter's wand to Harry.[15]
July 1997 Used it to summon books about Horcruxes from the Headmaster's office; it flew through an opened window.[16]

Bartemius Crouch Jr
(disguised as Alastor Moody)

February 1995 Used it to summon the Marauders Map away from Severus Snape before he could read it.[17]
Harry Potter 24 November, 1994 Used it to summon books, feathers, chairs, Gobstones and Trevor in the Gryffindor Common Room in order to use this spell in the third task of the Triwizard Tournament.[7]
24 November, 1994 Used it to summon his broom to outmanoeuvre the Hungarian Horntail during the First Task of the Triwizard Tournament.[7]
Accio Firebolt
24 June, 1995 Used it to summon the Triwizard Cup, which had been made a Portkey, in order to escape Lord Voldemort and his Death Eaters from the Little Hangleton graveyard, carrying Cedric Diggory's corpse.[18]
8 October, 1995 Used it to summon his toad with which he was practising his Silencing Charm in Charms class.[19]
30 June, 1997 Used it to summon Madam Rosmerta's brooms to himself and Albus Dumbledore to get back to Hogwarts.[20]
31 July, 1997 Used it to summon his glasses on his 17th birthday.[21]
2 September, 1997 Used it to summon Dittany from Hermione Granger's handbag.[22]
Ron Weasley 18 June, 1996 Used it in the Brain Room during the Battle of the Department of Mysteries to summon a brain in a tank to himself while under the effects of a curse.[15]
Sirius Black 18 December, 1995 Used it to summon the half a dozen bottles of Butterbeer at 12 Grimmauld Place for himself, Harry Potter and Weasleys.[23]
Severus Snape March, 1997 Used it nonverbally to summon the 25 essays on countering Dementors from his students in Defence Against the Dark Arts class.[24]
Fred Weasley August, 1997 Used it to summon hairs from a Muggle boy in Ottery St Catchpole in order to help Harry disguise himself during the wedding using Polyjuice Potion.[25]
May, 1996 Used it to summon his broom from Umbridge's office when escaping from Hogwarts in his seventh year.[26]
George Weasley
Ted Tonks October, 1997 Used it to summon salmon to eat.[27]
Lord Voldemort 2 May, 1998 Used it nonverbally to summon the Sorting Hat from the Headmaster's office; it flew through a shattered window.[28]

Unsuccessful

"YOU’VE GOT IT, POTTER, AND YOU WILL GIVE IT TO ME! Accio prophecy! ACCIO PROPHECY!"
—Bellatrix Lestrange tries to summon the smashed prophecy[src]
Caster(s) Dates Notes
Harry Potter 23 November, 1994 Used it to summon books and feathers in preparation for the first task of the Triwizard Tournament, but unsuccessful.[7]
1 September, 1996 Used it nonverbally and wandlessly to summon his wand after Draco Malfoy hit him with a Full Body-Bind Curse, but unsuccessful.[29]
30 June, 1997 Used it to summon Salazar Slytherin's fake locket in the Crystal Cave, but unsuccessful.[30]
27 July, 1997 Used it to summon Hedwig and Rubeus Hagrid during the Battle of the Seven Potters, but unsuccessful.[31]
2 September, 1997 Used it to summon the Salazar Slytherin's Locket in the Dolores Umbridge's office during the infiltration, but unsuccessful.[32]
24 December, 1997 Used it wandlessly to summon his wand after it had been knocked out of his hand during his fight with Nagini in Bathilda Bagshot's home at Godric's Hollow, but unsuccessful.[33]
28 December, 1997 Used it to summon the Sword of Gryffindor from the frozen pool in the Forest of Dean, but unsuccessful.[34]
Hermione Granger 2 August, 1997 Used it to summon Salazar Slytherin's Locket in Regulus Black's bedroom at 12 Grimmauld Place, but unsuccessful.[8]
1 May, 1998 Used it to summon Helga Hufflepuff's Cup in the Lestrange Vault at Gringotts Wizarding Bank during the break-in, but unsuccessful, because the protections on the Horcruxes made this impossible.[9]
2 May, 1998 Used it to summon Rowena Ravenclaw's Diadem in the Room of Requirement at Hogwarts Castle, but unsuccessful, because the protections on the Horcruxes made this impossible.[35]
Death Eater 1 May, 1998 One of them used it in Hogsmeade to summon Harry's Cloak of Invisibility, but unsuccessful, because there was no spell working on it.[36]
Antonin Dolohov 18 June, 1996 Used it to summon the prophecy about Harry and Voldemort in the Death Chamber during the battle in the Department of Mysteries, but unsuccessful, because he was pushed by Sirius Black.[15]
Bellatrix Lestrange Used it to summon the prophecy about Harry and Voldemort in the Hall of Prophecy during the battle in the Department of Mysteries, but unsuccessful, because Harry cast the Shield Charm.[15]
Used it to summon the prophecy about Harry and Voldemort in the Atrium during the battle in the Department of Mysteries, but unsuccessful, because it was already smashed.[37]

Known practitioners

Etymology

The Latin word accio can mean "I call", "I summon", or "action". In the Hungarian translation, the spell is called "Invito", possibly from the word "to invite".

Pronunciation

Many various suggestions have been made on the pronunciation of this spell. Some include: (AK-ee-oh) or (AK-see-oh)- from the film, (AK-see-oh)- from the UK audio book and video game, (AS-see-oh)- from the US audio book, and (AT-chee-oh)- the Anglo-Catholic pronunciation. The original Latin translation sounds like (AK-ee-oh).

Behind the scenes

  • In the 2006 short film The Queen's Handbag, Harry Potter and Ron Weasley both use the charm in an attempt to retrieve Queen Elizabeth II's handbag, which has been lost. They are unsuccessful and Hermione suggests they're too far away from it, suggesting the charm may have a maximum range. However, in Goblet of Fire, Hermione stated that distance didn't matter, as long as the caster was concentrating hard enough. Also, the short film's canonicity is uncertain, so it is unlikely this applies to mainstream continuity.
  • In the console and PC versions of LEGO Harry Potter: Years 1-4, it can be bought at Wiseacre's Wizarding Equipment in Diagon Alley.
  • In the handheld versions of LEGO Harry Potter: Years 1-4, Accio can move an object in any direction, not just towards the caster. In some cases, it moves an object directly away from the caster, working more like its opposite.
  • When Hermione Summoned Secrets of the Darkest Art from Dumbledore's office, she simply said "Accio Horcrux books", instead of the specific book name, meaning that this spell can function even when the item's description is not detailed.
  • According to Wonderbook, the hand motion is thus:
    Accio
  • Given that the Summoning Charm will not work on most living objects, the Summoning of the donkey in "The Wizard and the Hopping Pot" may have been one of the uses of poetic licence on the part of Beedle the Bard.
  • Despite not being able to summon most living objects, Gideon Flatworthy managed to summon livestock along with a farm and well-stocked larder, all of which crushed him to death.
  • Even though Rowling stated that Summoning Charm can only be used on inanimate object, in Fantastic Beast: Crimes of Grindelwald, Newt used this spell as 'Accio Niffler!'. So Rowling might have changed her mind regarding this matter.
  • In Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them, Newton Scamander's niffler was pulled through the air due to this spell pulling on all the jewelery inside the niffler's pouch, causing the jewels to fly out towards Newt along with the niffler. What seemed to be this spell was used to summon Jacob Kowalski though the air in a hazy wind by Newt using the spell to summon the Occamy egg Jacob was holding. It may have again been, used by Grindelwald, under the guise of Percival Graves, to wandlessly summon Newton Scamander's suitcase and wand, causing the former to fly next to him and the latter to fly to his hand.
  • Accio is Tom Felton's favourite spell.[39]
  • The summoning of a Golden Snidget by a witch named Modesty Rabnott in the book Quidditch Through the Ages as well as Newton Scamander's use of the charm to summon a Niffler in the film Fantastic Beasts: The Crimes of Grindelwald seemingly clashes with the rule that living creatures supposedly can't be summoned. Ted Tonks also summons salmon in Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, though it is not entirely clear if the salmon was alive at the time.

Appearances

Notes and references

  1. See this video.
  2. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 26 (The Second Task)
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Wonderbook: Book of Spells
  4. The Tales of Beedle the Bard - "The Wizard and the Hopping Pot"
  5. JK Rowling - Welcome to my new website - "3. Why couldn’t Newt use ‘Accio’ to retrieve all his beasts? ‘Accio’ only works on inanimate objects. While people or creatures may be indirectly moved by ‘Accio-ing’ objects that they are wearing or holding, this carries all kinds of risks because of the likelihood of injury to the person or beast attached to an object travelling at close to the speed of light."
  6. JK Rowling -Fantastic Beast and Where to Find Them Insider Interview
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 20 (The First Task)
  8. 8.0 8.1 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 10 (Kreacher's Tale)
  9. 9.0 9.1 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 26 (Gringotts)
  10. Quidditch Through the Ages, Chapter 4 (The Arrival of the Golden Snitch)
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them: The Original Screenplay
  12. 12.0 12.1 Fantastic Beasts: The Crimes of Grindelwald - The Original Screenplay
  13. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 28 (Snape's Worst Memory)
  14. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 6 (The Portkey)
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 35 (Beyond the Veil)
  16. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 6 (The Ghoul in Pyjamas)
  17. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 25 (The Egg and the Eye)
  18. Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Chapter 34 (Priori Incantatem)
  19. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 18 (Dumbledore's Army)
  20. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 27 (The Lightning-Struck Tower)
  21. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 7 (The Will of Albus Dumbledore)
  22. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 14 (The Thief)
  23. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 22 (St Mungo's Hospital for Magical Maladies and Injuries)
  24. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 21 (The Unknowable Room)
  25. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 8 (The Wedding)
  26. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 29 (Careers Advice)
  27. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 15 (The Goblin's Revenge)
  28. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 36 (The Flaw in the Plan)
  29. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 8 (Snape Victorious)
  30. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Chapter 26 (The Cave)
  31. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 4 (The Seven Potters)
  32. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 13 (The Muggle-Born Registration Commission)
  33. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 17 (Bathilda's Secret)
  34. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 19 (The Silver Doe)
  35. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 31 (The Battle of Hogwarts)
  36. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, Chapter 28 (The Missing Mirror)
  37. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, Chapter 36 (The Only One He Ever Feared)
  38. Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (video game) - While practising Accio, Sirius Black tells Harry: "You´re almost as good as your father."
  39. https://www.pottermore.com/news/what-are-the-harry-potter-cast-members-favourite-hogwarts-classes


Charms (class)
PS Wingardium Leviosa feather
Charmbook writers and developers
Blagdon Blay · Daisy Pennifold · Delfina Crimp · Miranda Goshawk · Jarleth Hobart · Basil Horton · Randolph Keitch · Levina Monkstanley · Orabella Nuttley · Mnemone Radford · Scarpin · Elliot Smethwyck · Felix Summerbee · Fred Weasley · George Weasley · Violeta Stitch
Professors Fortinbras · Filius Flitwick
Textbooks Achievements in Charming · Extreme Incantations · Quintessence: A Quest · The Standard Book of Spells
Charms studied at Hogwarts
Banishing Charm (Depulso) · Cheering Charm · Cistem Aperio · Colour Change Charm (Colovaria) · Dancing Feet Spell (Tarantallegra) · Descendo · Disillusionment Charm · Drought Charm · Eradication Spell (Deletrius) · Engorgement Charm (Engorgio) · Exploding Charm (Bombarda) · Fire-Making Spell (Incendio) · Freezing Charm (Immobulus) · Freezing Spell (Glacius) · Full Body-Bind Curse (Petrificus Totalus) · General Counter-Spell (Finite Incantatem) · Growth Charm · Knitting Charm · Knockback Jinx (Flipendo) · Leg-Locker Curse (Locomotor Mortis) · Levitation Charm (Wingardium Leviosa) · Locking Spell (Colloportus) · Locomotion Charm (Locomotor) · Mending Charm (Reparo) · Memory Charm (Obliviate) · Muffliato Charm (Muffliato) · Nonverbal spell · Pack Charm (Pack) · Red Sparks (Vermillious) · Reductor Curse (Reducto) · Scouring Charm (Scourgify) · Seize and Pull Charm (Carpe Retractum) · Severing Charm (Diffindo) · Shrinking Charm (Reducio) · Silencing Charm (Silencio) · Slowing Charm (Arresto Momentum) · Skurge Scouring Charm (Skurge) · Softening Charm (Spongify) · Spell for growing legs · Substantive Charm · Summoning Charm (Accio) · Tickling Charm (Rictusempra) · Unlocking Charm (Alohomora) · Vinegar into Wine · Wand-Extinguishing Charm (Nox) · Wand-Lighting Charm (Lumos) · Lumos Maxima · Water-Making Spell (Aguamenti)
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