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"Could I have your attention please? Right, now, today, we will be transforming animals into water goblets. Like so. One, two, three. Vera Verto."
Professor McGonagall to her second-years[src]

Vera Verto[1] was the incantation of a Transfiguration spell used to transform an animal into a water goblet.[2] Animals susceptible to this spell were specifically aves,[2] rats,[2] and felines.[3]


Blackboard instructions to casting this spell

This spell appeared moderately difficult to perform and could be disastrous if done wrong. Side effects include the goblet becoming furry or having a tail. Wand movement and posture were both very important for this spell, as Professor McGonagall noted when teaching her second-year class in September of 1992.[2]

To perform the spell, one must tap the targeted animal three times sharply with their wand and then point their wand directly at the animal, incanting Vera Verto.[1][2][3]


An animal having been turned into a water goblet with this spell

Once performed, a jet of nearly indiscernible, crystal-clear mist, almost like a spray, would shoot from the caster's wand, engulfing the animal and quickly morphing it into a goblet with a quiet whooshing noise.[2]

If performed incorrectly, a spasm of greenish light might shoot from the wand with a crackling, whining noise and the target would be transfigured incompletely. It might still be furry, or might possess a tail (or a combination of the two), and in some cases might even still emit vocal sounds.[2] However, given that the only known case originated from Ronald Weasley's broken wand and it was on Peter Pettigrew in his Animagus rat form,[2] it is unknown if it was an isolated occurrence.


During the 1987–1988 school year, this spell was taught to fourth-years with rats as their targets. Professor McGonagall told the class one famous wizard used it to toast to the health of his beloved cat.[3]

A failed attempt by Ronald Weasley on his rat Scabbers

During the 1992–1993 school year, this spell was taught to second-year students, in lesson seven, as noted on her blackboard. Ronald Weasley was asked to try on his pet rat Scabbers, but his damaged wand led to an incomplete transformation.[2]

Known practitioners



Vera is taken from the Latin noun Fera meaning "beast" or "wild animal".[4] Verto, also Latin, is a verb that can mean "I turn" or "I exchange".[5] Collectively, Fera Verto is a Latin phrase that can be taken to mean "I exchange the beast".

Behind the scenes

  • In the film adaptation of Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, the writing on Minerva McGonagall's blackboard was written backwards.
  • Despite the subtitles giving the incantation as Vera Verto, there is a distinct possibility that the subtitles were inaccurately transcribed, with many viewers debating that the characters were instead saying "Fera" instead of "Vera".[6][7] An incantation "Fera Verto" also makes particular sense, since fera is Latin for "wild animal".[8] This is fitting considering that the subject of the spell is an animal, where "Fera Verto" could be taken to mean "I turn or change the animal".
  • Since the etymology of this spell is rather general and does not specify either the target subject or the intended transformation, it is possible that Vera Verto, in the film adaptations, is an incantation of a general transfiguration or transforming spell, where its effect is largely dependent on the caster's intentions.
  • In Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, despite the in class snippet clearly stating animals other than rats are used for this spell, with Minerva referring the spell as "Animal into Water Goblet," on the chapter progress indicator, the lesson is labelled as "Rat into Water Goblet."[3]
    • It however, could be merely reflecting the fact that students in that particular class were all giving rats to work on, and not a labelling mistake.
  • Also in Harry Potter: Hogwarts Mystery, this spell and Mice to Snuffboxes have identical wand movements in their Transfiguration lessons, however, the game files identify only the movement given for the latter as correct, whereas this spell has an entirely different movement.
  • In the video game adaptation of Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix, during the O.W.L.s, one of the tests is to transform an animal into a water goblet; it is more than likely this was meant to be "Vera Verto".


Notes and references

Transfiguration (class)
COS Vera Verto demo.gif
Branches of Transfiguration Transformation · Vanishment · Conjuration · Untransfiguration
Notable practitioners Circe · Emeric Switch · Falco Aesalon · Mirabella Plunkett · Thaddeus Thurkell
Professors Albus Dumbledore · Minerva McGonagall
Textbooks A Beginner's Guide to Transfiguration · Intermediate Transfiguration · A Guide to Advanced Transfiguration
Transfiguration spells studied at Hogwarts
Colour Change Charm (Colovaria) · Change of hair colour and style (Crinus Muto) · Hardening Charm (Duro) · Mending Charm (Reparo) · Partial Vanishment · Reparifarge · Softening Charm (Spongify) · Switching Spell · Vanishing Spell (Evanesco)
Conjuring Spells Bird-Conjuring Charm (Avis) · Inanimatus Conjurus Spell · Bouquet Spell (Orchideous) · Snake Summons Spell (Serpensortia)
Transforming Spells Animal to Water Goblet (Vera Verto) · Armadillo to Pillow · Bowling Ball to Balloon · Beetle to Button · Cauldron to Badger · Cat to Cauldron (Felifors) · Cauldron Cakes to Cabbages · Chair to Cat · Cross-Species Switches · Desk Into Pig · Fairy Cakes to Fairies · Feather Duster to Ferret · Ferret to Feather Duster · Goldfinch to Golden Snitch · Flobberworm to Fritter · Gnomes to Lawn Gnomes · Guinea Fowl to Guinea Pig · Gobstone to Skunk · Hedgehog to Pin Cushion · King to Rook · Lovebird to Love Note · Match to Needle · Meddling Man to Monkey · Mice to Snuffboxes · Owl to Opera Glasses (Strigiforma) · Pawn to Queen · Porcupine to Pin Cushion (Hystrifors) · Puffskein to Paperweight · Small Child to Rat · Small Object to Dragon (Draconifors) · Snail to Teapot · Target to Bird (Avifors) · Target to Matchbox (Flintifors) · Target to Rabbit (Lapifors) · Teacup into Gerbil · Teacup to Rat · Teapot to Tortoise · Thimble to Thestral · Toad to Toadstool · Tortoise to Trumpet · White Rabbits to Slippers